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From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n),
({Lien} (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.]
[OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen,
licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth.
ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed,
le`xasqai to lie. Cf. {Lair}, {Law}, {Lay}, v. t., {Litter},
{Low}, adj.]
1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to
be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or
nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often
with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the
book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies
in his coffin.

The watchful traveler . . . Lay down again, and
closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.

2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland
lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the
ship lay in port.

3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in
a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie
fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie
under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves;
the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.

4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding
place; to consist; -- with in.

Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though
unequal in circumstances. --Collier.

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard
labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of
huntsmen. --Locke.

5. To lodge; to sleep.

Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . .
. where I lay one night only. --Evelyn.

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.

6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.

The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak.

7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being
maintained. ``An appeal lies in this case.'' --Parsons.

Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers
often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay
and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its
preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I
laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its
preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay
down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the
preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid
down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid
at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was
laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to
remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit
of lay, and not of lie.

{To lie along the shore} (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in

{To lie at the door of}, to be imputable to; as, the sin,
blame, etc., lies at your door.

{To lie at the heart}, to be an object of affection, desire,
or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

{To lie at the mercy of}, to be in the power of.

{To lie by}.
(a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the
manuscript lying by him.
(b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the
heat of the day.

{To lie hard} or {heavy}, to press or weigh; to bear hard.

{To lie in}, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

{To lie in one}, to be in the power of; to belong to. ``As
much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.''
--Rom. xii. 18.

{To lie in the way}, to be an obstacle or impediment.

{To lie in wait}, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.

{To lie on} or {upon}.
(a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result.
(b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

{To lie low}, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]

{To lie on hand},

{To lie on one's hands}, to remain unsold or unused; as, the
goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much
time lying on their hands.

{To lie on the head of}, to be imputed to.

What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
lie on my head. --Shak.

{To lie over}.
(a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due,
as a note in bank.
(b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a
resolution in a public deliberative body.

{To lie to} (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as
near the wind as possible as being the position of
greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To
bring to}, under {Bring}.

{To lie under}, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed

{To lie with}.
(a) To lodge or sleep with.
(b) To have sexual intercourse with.
(c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lot \Lot\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lotted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To allot; to sort; to portion. [R.]

{To lot on} or {upon}, to count or reckon upon; to expect
with pleasure. [Colloq. U. S.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Look that ye bind them fast. --Shak.

Look if it be my daughter. --Talfourd.

6. To show one's self in looking, as by leaning out of a
window; as, look out of the window while I speak to you.
Sometimes used figuratively.

My toes look through the overleather. --Shak.

7. To await the appearance of anything; to expect; to

Looking each hour into death's mouth to fall.

{To look about}, to look on all sides, or in different

{To look about one}, to be on the watch; to be vigilant; to
be circumspect or guarded.

{To look after}.
(a) To attend to; to take care of; as, to look after
(b) To expect; to be in a state of expectation.

Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for
looking after those things which are coming on
the earth. --Luke xxi.
(c) To seek; to search.

My subject does not oblige me to look after the
water, or point forth the place where to it is
now retreated. --Woodward.

{To look at}, to direct the eyes toward so that one sees, or
as if to see; as, to look at a star; hence, to observe,
examine, consider; as, to look at a matter without

{To look black}, to frown; to scowl; to have a threatening

The bishops thereat repined, and looked black.

{To look down on} or {upon}, to treat with indifference or
contempt; to regard as an inferior; to despise.

{To look for}.
(a) To expect; as, to look for news by the arrival of a
ship. ``Look now for no enchanting voice.'' --Milton.
(b) To seek for; to search for; as, to look for lost
money, or lost cattle.

{To look forth}.
(a) To look out of something, as from a window.
(b) To threaten to come out. --Jer. vi. 1. (Rev. Ver.).

{To look into}, to inspect closely; to observe narrowly; to
examine; as, to look into the works of nature; to look
into one's conduct or affairs.

{To look on}.
(a) To regard; to esteem.

Her friends would look on her the worse.
(b) To consider; to view; to conceive of; to think of.

I looked on Virgil as a succinct, majestic
writer. --Dryden.
(c) To be a mere spectator.

I'll be a candleholder, and look on. --Shak.

{To look out}, to be on the watch; to be careful; as, the
seaman looks out for breakers.

{To look through}.
(a) To see through.
(b) To search; to examine with the eyes.

{To look to} or {unto}.
(a) To watch; to take care of. ``Look well to thy herds.''
--Prov. xxvii. 23.
(b) To resort to with expectation of receiving something;
to expect to receive from; as, the creditor may look
to surety for payment. ``Look unto me, and be ye
saved.'' --Is. xlv. 22.

{To look up}, to search for or find out by looking; as, to
look up the items of an account.

{To look up to}, to respect; to regard with deference.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Venture \Ven"ture\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Ventured}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Venturing}.]
1. To hazard one's self; to have the courage or presumption
to do, undertake, or say something; to dare. --Bunyan.

2. To make a venture; to run a hazard or risk; to take the

Who freights a ship to venture on the seas. --J.
Dryden, Jr.

{To venture at}, or {To venture on} or {upon}, to dare to
engage in; to attempt without any certainty of success;
as, it is rash to venture upon such a project. ``When I
venture at the comic style.'' --Waller.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

{To wait on} or {upon}.
(a) To attend, as a servant; to perform services for; as,
to wait on a gentleman; to wait on the table.
``Authority and reason on her wait.'' --Milton. ``I
must wait on myself, must I?'' --Shak.
(b) To attend; to go to see; to visit on business or for
(c) To follow, as a consequence; to await. ``That ruin
that waits on such a supine temper.'' --Dr. H. More.
(d) To look watchfully at; to follow with the eye; to
watch. [R.] ``It is a point of cunning to wait upon
him with whom you speak with your eye.'' --Bacon.
(e) To attend to; to perform. ``Aaron and his sons . . .
shall wait on their priest's office.'' --Num. iii. 10.
(f) (Falconry) To fly above its master, waiting till game
is sprung; -- said of a hawk. --Encyc. Brit.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Win \Win\, v. i.
To gain the victory; to be successful; to triumph; to

Nor is it aught but just That he, who in debate of
truth hath won, should win in arms. --Milton.

{To win of}, to be conqueror over. [Obs.] --Shak.

{To win on} or {upon}.
(a) To gain favor or influence with. ``You have a softness
and beneficence winning on the hearts of others.''
(b) To gain ground on. ``The rabble . . . will in time win
upon power.'' --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Now strike your saile, ye jolly mariners, For we be come
unto a quiet rode [road]. --Spenser.

{On}, or {Upon}, {the road}, traveling or passing over a
road; coming or going; on the way.

My hat and wig will soon be here, They are upon the
road. --Cowper.

{Road agent}, a highwayman, especially on the stage routes of
the unsettled western parts of the United States; -- a
humorous euphemism. [Western U.S.]

The highway robber -- road agent he is quaintly
called. --The century.

{Road book}, a quidebook in respect to roads and distances.

{Road metal}, the broken, stone used in macadamizing roads.

{Road roller}, a heavy roller, or combinations of rollers,
for making earth, macadam, or concrete roads smooth and
compact. -- often driven by steam.

{Road runner} (Zo["o]l.), the chaparral cock.

{Road steamer}, a locomotive engine adapted to running on
common roads.

{To go on the road}, to engage in the business of a
commercial traveler. [Colloq.]

{To take the road}, to begin or engage in traveling.

{To take to the road}, to engage in robbery upon the

Syn: Way; highway; street; lane; pathway; route; passage;
course. See {Way}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

2. To take possession of by force.

At last they seize The scepter, and regard not
David's sons. --Milton.

3. To invade suddenly; to take sudden hold of; to come upon
suddenly; as, a fever seizes a patient.

Hope and deubt alternate seize her seul. --Pope.

4. (law) To take possession of by virtue of a warrant or
other legal authority; as, the sheriff seized the debtor's

5. To fasten; to fix. [Obs.]

As when a bear hath seized her cruel claws Upon the
carcass of some beast too weak. --Spenser.

6. To grap with the mind; to comprehend fully and distinctly;
as, to seize an idea.

7. (Naut.) To bind or fasten together with a lashing of small
stuff, as yarn or marline; as, to seize ropes.

Note: This word, by writers on law, is commonly written
seise, in the phrase to be seised of (an estate), as
also, in composition, disseise, disseisin.

{To be seized of}, to have possession, or right of
possession; as, A B was seized and possessed of the manor
of Dale. ``Whom age might see seized of what youth made
prize.'' --Chapman.

{To seize on} or {upon}, to fall on and grasp; to take hold
on; to take possession of suddenly and forcibly.

Syn: To catch; grasp; clutch; snatch; apprehend; arrest;
take; capture.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\ (s[e^]t), v. i.
1. To pass below the horizon; to go down; to decline; to sink
out of sight; to come to an end.

Ere the weary sun set in the west. --Shak.

Thus this century sets with little mirth, and the
next is likely to arise with more mourning.

2. To fit music to words. [Obs.] --Shak.

3. To place plants or shoots in the ground; to plant. ``To
sow dry, and set wet.'' --Old Proverb.

4. To be fixed for growth; to strike root; to begin to
germinate or form; as, cuttings set well; the fruit has
set well (i. e., not blasted in the blossom).

5. To become fixed or rigid; to be fastened.

A gathering and serring of the spirits together to
resist, maketh the teeth to set hard one against
another. --Bacon.

6. To congeal; to concrete; to solidify.

That fluid substance in a few minutes begins to set.

7. To have a certain direction in motion; to flow; to move
on; to tend; as, the current sets to the north; the tide
sets to the windward.

8. To begin to move; to go out or forth; to start; -- now
followed by out.

The king is set from London. --Shak.

9. To indicate the position of game; -- said of a dog; as,
the dog sets well; also, to hunt game by the aid of a

10. To apply one's self; to undertake earnestly; -- now
followed by out.

If he sets industriously and sincerely to perform
the commands of Christ, he can have no ground of
doubting but it shall prove successful to him.

11. To fit or suit one; to sit; as, the coat sets well.

Note: [Colloquially used, but improperly, for sit.]

Note: The use of the verb set for sit in such expressions as,
the hen is setting on thirteen eggs; a setting hen,
etc., although colloquially common, and sometimes
tolerated in serious writing, is not to be approved.

{To set about}, to commence; to begin.

{To set forward}, to move or march; to begin to march; to

{To set forth}, to begin a journey.

{To set in}.
(a) To begin; to enter upon a particular state; as,
winter set in early.
(b) To settle one's self; to become established. ``When
the weather was set in to be very bad.'' --Addison.
(c) To flow toward the shore; -- said of the tide.

{To set off}.
(a) To enter upon a journey; to start.
(b) (Typog.) To deface or soil the next sheet; -- said of
the ink on a freshly printed sheet, when another
sheet comes in contact with it before it has had time
to dry.

{To set on} or {upon}.
(a) To begin, as a journey or enterprise; to set about.

He that would seriously set upon the search of
truth. --Locke.
(b) To assault; to make an attack. --Bacon.

Cassio hath here been set on in the dark.

{To set out}, to begin a journey or course; as, to set out
for London, or from London; to set out in business;to set
out in life or the world.

{To set to}, to apply one's self to.

{To set up}.
(a) To begin business or a scheme of life; as, to set up
in trade; to set up for one's self.
(b) To profess openly; to make pretensions.

Those men who set up for mortality without
regard to religion, are generally but virtuous
in part. --Swift.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Settle \Set"tle\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Settled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Settling}.] [OE. setlen, AS. setlan. [root]154. See
{Settle}, n. In senses 7, 8, and 9 perhaps confused with OE.
sahtlen to reconcile, AS. sahtlian, fr. saht reconciliation,
sacon to contend, dispute. Cf. {Sake}.]
1. To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm,
steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to
establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the

And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,
until he was ashamed. --2 Kings
viii. 11.
(Rev. Ver.)

The father thought the time drew on Of setting in
the world his only son. --Dryden.

2. To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install
as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as,
to settle a minister. [U. S.]

3. To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to
render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.

God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake.

Hoping that sleep might settle his brains. --Bunyan.

4. To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink;
to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to
settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.

5. To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable
condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;
as, clear weather settles the roads.

6. To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, to
render close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a
barrel or bag by shaking it.

7. To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or
question; to free from unscertainty or wavering; to make
sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to
quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle
questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to
settle an allowance.

It will settle the wavering, and confirm the
doubtful. --Swift.

8. To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to
compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.

9. To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to
settle an account.

10. Hence, to pay; as, to settle a bill. [Colloq.] --Abbott.

11. To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as,
the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New
England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.

{To settle on} or {upon}, to confer upon by permanent grant;
to assure to. ``I . . . have settled upon him a good
annuity.'' --Addison.

{To settle the land} (Naut.), to cause it to sink, or appear
lower, by receding from it.

Syn: To fix; establish; regulate; arrange; compose; adjust;
determine; decide.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spring \Spring\, v. i. [imp. {Sprang}or {Sprung}; p. p.
{Sprung}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Springing}.] [AS. springan; akin
to D. & G. springen, OS. & OHG. springan, Icel. & Sw.
springa, Dan. springe; cf. Gr. ? to hasten. Cf. {Springe},
1. To leap; to bound; to jump.

The mountain stag that springs From height to
height, and bounds along the plains. --Philips.

2. To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity;
to dart; to shoot.

And sudden light Sprung through the vaulted roof.

3. To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.

Watchful as fowlers when their game will spring.

4. To fly back; as, a bow, when bent, springs back by its
elastic power.

5. To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to
become warped; as, a piece of timber, or a plank,
sometimes springs in seasoning.

6. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin
to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams
from their source, and the like; -often followed by up,
forth, or out.

Till well nigh the day began to spring. --Chaucer.

To satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to
cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth.
--Job xxxviii.

Do not blast my springing hopes. --Rowe.

O, spring to light; auspicious Babe, be born.

7. To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to
result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle.

[They found] new hope to spring Out of despair, joy,
but with fear yet linked. --Milton.

8. To grow; to prosper.

What makes all this, but Jupiter the king, At whose
command we perish, and we spring? --Dryden.

{To spring at}, to leap toward; to attempt to reach by a

{To spring forth}, to leap out; to rush out.

{To spring in}, to rush in; to enter with a leap or in haste.

{To spring on} or {upon}, to leap on; to rush on with haste
or violence; to assault.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spit \Spit\, v. i.
1. To throw out saliva from the mouth.

2. To rain or snow slightly, or with sprinkles.

It had been spitting with rain. --Dickens.

{To spit on} or {upon}, to insult grossly; to treat with
contempt. ``Spitting upon all antiquity.'' --South.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spot \Spot\, n. [Cf. Scot. & D. spat, Dan. spette, Sw. spott
spittle, slaver; from the root of E. spit. See {Spit} to
eject from the mouth, and cf. {Spatter}.]
1. A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a
blot; a place discolored.

Out, damned spot! Out, I say! --Shak.

2. A stain on character or reputation; something that soils
purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.

Yet Chloe, sure, was formed without a spot. --Pope.

3. A small part of a different color from the main part, or
from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a
leopard; the spots on a playing card.

4. A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.
``Fixed to one spot.'' --Otway.

That spot to which I point is Paradise. --Milton.

``A jolly place,'' said he, ``in times of old! But
something ails it now: the spot is cursed.''

5. (Zo["o]l.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so
called from a spot on its head just above its beak.

6. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A sci[ae]noid food fish ({Liostomus xanthurus}) of the
Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black
spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark
bars on the sides. Called also {goody}, {Lafayette},
{masooka}, and {old wife}.
(b) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot
on each side at the base of the tail. See {Redfish}.

7. pl. Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for
immediate delivery. [Broker's Cant]

{Crescent spot} (Zo["o]l.), any butterfly of the family
{Melit[ae]id[ae]} having crescent-shaped white spots along
the margins of the red or brown wings.

{Spot lens} (Microscopy), a condensing lens in which the
light is confined to an annular pencil by means of a
small, round diaphragm (the spot), and used in dark-field
ilumination; -- called also {spotted lens}.

{Spot rump} (Zo["o]l.), the Hudsonian godwit ({Limosa

{Spots on the sun}. (Astron.) See {Sun spot}, ander {Sun}.

{On}, or {Upon}, {the spot}, immediately; before moving;
without changing place.

It was determined upon the spot. --Swift.

Syn: Stain; flaw; speck; blot; disgrace; reproach; fault;
blemish; place; site; locality.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Square \Square\, n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F. ['e]querre a
carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra), fr. (assumed) LL.
exquadrare to make square; L. ex + quadrus a square, fr.
quattuor four. See {Four}, and cf. {Quadrant}, {Squad},
{Squer} a square.]
1. (Geom.)
(a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.]
(b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right

2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as:
(a) A square piece or fragment.

He bolted his food down his capacious throat in
squares of three inches. --Sir W.
(b) A pane of glass.
(c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion
of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in
reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers.
(d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet.

3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side;
sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or
area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of
two or more streets.

The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large
square of the town. --Addison.

4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right
angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or
test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square,
the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.

5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]

6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity
multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8
[times] 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a^{2} + 2ab +

7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct;
regularity; rule. [Obs.]

They of Galatia [were] much more out of square.

I have not kept my square. --Shak.

8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one
formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. ``The
brave squares of war.'' --Shak.

9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement;
equality; level.

We live not on the square with such as these.

10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees
from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]

11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]

12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually
worked or embroidered. [Obs.] --Shak.

{Geometrical square}. See {Quadrat}, n., 2.

{Hollow square} (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of
a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and
the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.

{Least square}, {Magic square}, etc. See under {Least},
{Magic}, etc.

{On the square}, or {Upon the square}, in an open, fair
manner; honestly, or upon honor. [Obs. or Colloq.]

{On}, or {Upon}, {the square with}, upon equality with; even
with. --Nares.

{To be all squares}, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens.

{To be at square}, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.]

{To break no square}, to give no offense; to make no
difference. [Obs.]

{To break squares}, to depart from an accustomed order.

{To see how the squares go}, to see how the game proceeds; --
a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard
being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Pass \Pass\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Passed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Passing}.] [F. passer, LL. passare, fr. L. passus step, or
from pandere, passum, to spread out, lay open. See {Pace}.]
1. To go; to move; to proceed; to be moved or transferred
from one point to another; to make a transit; -- usually
with a following adverb or adverbal phrase defining the
kind or manner of motion; as, to pass on, by, out, in,
etc.; to pass swiftly, directly, smoothly, etc.; to pass
to the rear, under the yoke, over the bridge, across the
field, beyond the border, etc. ``But now pass over [i. e.,
pass on].'' --Chaucer.

On high behests his angels to and fro Passed
frequent. --Milton.

Sweet sounds rose slowly through their mouths, And
from their bodies passed. --Coleridge.

2. To move or be transferred from one state or condition to
another; to change possession, condition, or
circumstances; to undergo transition; as, the business has
passed into other hands.

Others, dissatisfied with what they have, . . . pass
from just to unjust. --Sir W.

3. To move beyond the range of the senses or of knowledge; to
pass away; hence, to disappear; to vanish; to depart;
specifically, to depart from life; to die.

Disturb him not, let him pass paceably. --Shak.

Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass.

The passing of the sweetest soul That ever looked
with human eyes. --Tennyson.

4. To move or to come into being or under notice; to come and
go in consciousness; hence, to take place; to occur; to
happen; to come; to occur progressively or in succession;
to be present transitorily.

So death passed upon all men. --Rom. v. 12.

Our own consciousness of what passes within our own
mind. --I. Watts.

5. To go by or glide by, as time; to elapse; to be spent; as,
their vacation passed pleasantly.

Now the time is far passed. --Mark vi. 35

6. To go from one person to another; hence, to be given and
taken freely; as, clipped coin will not pass; to obtain
general acceptance; to be held or regarded; to circulate;
to be current; -- followed by for before a word denoting
value or estimation. ``Let him pass for a man.'' --Shak.

False eloquence passeth only where true is not
understood. --Felton.

This will not pass for a fault in him. --Atterbury.

7. To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to
validity or effectiveness; to be carried through a body
that has power to sanction or reject; to receive
legislative sanction; to be enacted; as, the resolution
passed; the bill passed both houses of Congress.

8. To go through any inspection or test successfully; to be
approved or accepted; as, he attempted the examination,
but did not expect to pass.

9. To be suffered to go on; to be tolerated; hence, to
continue; to live along. ``The play may pass.'' --Shak.

10. To go unheeded or neglected; to proceed without hindrance
or opposition; as, we let this act pass.

11. To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess. [Obs.]
``This passes, Master Ford.'' --Shak.

12. To take heed; to care. [Obs.]

As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass not.

13. To go through the intestines. --Arbuthnot.

14. (Law) To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or
other instrument of conveyance; as, an estate passes by a
certain clause in a deed. --Mozley & W.

15. (Fencing) To make a lunge or pass; to thrust.

16. (Card Playing & other games) To decline to take an
optional action when it is one's turn, as to decline to
bid, or to bet, or to play a card; in euchre, to decline
to make the trump.

She would not play, yet must not pass. --Prior.

17. In football, hockey, etc., to make a pass; to transfer
the ball, etc., to another player of one's own side.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{To bring to pass}, {To come to pass}. See under {Bring}, and

{To pass away}, to disappear; to die; to vanish. ``The
heavens shall pass away.'' --2 Pet. iii. 10. ``I thought
to pass away before, but yet alive I am.'' --Tennyson.

{To pass by}, to go near and beyond a certain person or
place; as, he passed by as we stood there.

{To pass into}, to change by a gradual transmission; to blend
or unite with.

{To pass on}, to proceed.

{To pass on} or {upon}.
(a) To happen to; to come upon; to affect. ``So death
passed upon all men.'' --Rom. v. 12. ``Provided no
indirect act pass upon our prayers to define them.''
--Jer. Taylor.
(b) To determine concerning; to give judgment or sentence
upon. ``We may not pass upon his life.'' --Shak.

{To pass off}, to go away; to cease; to disappear; as, an
agitation passes off.

{To pass over}, to go from one side or end to the other; to
cross, as a river, road, or bridge.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Strength \Strength\, n. [OE. strengthe, AS. streng[eth]u, fr.
strang strong. See {Strong}.]
1. The quality or state of being strong; ability to do or to
bear; capacity for exertion or endurance, whether
physical, intellectual, or moral; force; vigor; power; as,
strength of body or of the arm; strength of mind, of
memory, or of judgment.

All his [Samson's] strength in his hairs were.

Thou must outlive Thy youth, thy strength, thy
beauty. --Milton.

2. Power to resist force; solidity or toughness; the quality
of bodies by which they endure the application of force
without breaking or yielding; -- in this sense opposed to
{frangibility}; as, the strength of a bone, of a beam, of
a wall, a rope, and the like. ``The brittle strength of
bones.'' --Milton.

3. Power of resisting attacks; impregnability. ``Our castle's
strength will laugh a siege to scorn.'' --Shak.

4. That quality which tends to secure results; effective
power in an institution or enactment; security; validity;
legal or moral force; logical conclusiveness; as, the
strength of social or legal obligations; the strength of
law; the strength of public opinion; strength of evidence;
strength of argument.

5. One who, or that which, is regarded as embodying or
affording force, strength, or firmness; that on which
confidence or reliance is based; support; security.

God is our refuge and strength. --Ps. xlvi. 1.

What they boded would be a mischief to us, you are
providing shall be one of our principal strengths.

Certainly there is not a greater strength against
temptation. --Jer. Taylor.

6. Force as measured; amount, numbers, or power of any body,
as of an army, a navy, and the like; as, what is the
strength of the enemy by land, or by sea?

7. Vigor or style; force of expression; nervous diction; --
said of literary work.

And praise the easy vigor of a life Where Denham's
strength and Waller's sweetness join. --Pope.

8. Intensity; -- said of light or color.

Bright Ph[oe]bus in his strength. --Shak.

9. Intensity or degree of the distinguishing and essential
element; spirit; virtue; excellence; -- said of liquors,
solutions, etc.; as, the strength of wine or of acids.

10. A strong place; a stronghold. [Obs.] --Shak.

{On}, or {Upon}, {the strength of}, in reliance upon. ``The
allies, after a successful summer, are too apt, upon the
strength of it, to neglect their preparations for the
ensuing campaign.'' --Addison.

Syn: Force; robustness; toughness; hardness; stoutness;
brawniness; lustiness; firmness; puissance; support;
spirit; validity; authority. See {Force}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Tapis \Ta"pis\, n. [F. See {Tapestry}.]
Tapestry; formerly, the cover of a council table.

{On}, or {Upon}, {the tapis}, on the table, or under
consideration; as, to lay a motion in Parliament on the

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Prey \Prey\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Preyed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Preying}.] [OF. preier, preer, L. praedari, fr. praeda. See
{Prey}, n.]
To take booty; to gather spoil; to ravage; to take food by

More pity that the eagle should be mewed, While kites
and buzzards prey at liberty. --Shak.

{To prey on} or {upon}.
(a) To take prey from; to despoil; to pillage; to rob.
(b) To seize as prey; to take for food by violence; to seize
and devour. --Shak.
(c) To wear away gradually; to cause to waste or pine away;
as, the trouble preyed upon his mind. --Addison.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

{To throw on}, to cast on; to load.

{To throw one's self down}, to lie down neglectively or

{To throw one's self on} or {upon}.
(a) To fall upon.
(b) To resign one's self to the favor, clemency, or
sustain power of (another); to repose upon.

{To throw out}.
(a) To cast out; to reject or discard; to expel. ``The
other two, whom they had thrown out, they were
content should enjoy their exile.'' --Swift. ``The
bill was thrown out.'' --Swift.
(b) To utter; to give utterance to; to speak; as, to
throw out insinuation or observation. ``She throws
out thrilling shrieks.'' --Spenser.
(c) To distance; to leave behind. --Addison.
(d) To cause to project; as, to throw out a pier or an
(e) To give forth; to emit; as, an electric lamp throws
out a brilliant light.
(f) To put out; to confuse; as, a sudden question often
throws out an orator.

{To throw over}, to abandon the cause of; to desert; to
discard; as, to throw over a friend in difficulties.

{To throw up}.
(a) To resign; to give up; to demit; as, to throw up a
commission. ``Experienced gamesters throw up their
cards when they know that the game is in the enemy's
hand.'' --Addison.
(b) To reject from the stomach; to vomit.
(c) To construct hastily; as, to throw up a breastwork of

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Touch \Touch\, v. i.
1. To be in contact; to be in a state of junction, so that no
space is between; as, two spheres touch only at points.

2. To fasten; to take effect; to make impression. [R.]

Strong waters pierce metals, and will touch upon
gold, that will not touch upon silver. --Bacon.

3. To treat anything in discourse, especially in a slight or
casual manner; -- often with on or upon.

If the antiquaries have touched upon it, they
immediately quitted it. --Addison.

4. (Naut) To be brought, as a sail, so close to the wind that
its weather leech shakes.

{To touch and go} (Naut.), to touch bottom lightly and
without damage, as a vessel in motion.

{To touch at}, to come or go to, without tarrying; as, the
ship touched at Lisbon.

{To touch on} or {upon}, to come or go to for a short time.

I made a little voyage round the lake, and touched
on the several towns that lie on its coasts.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

(e) To push from land; as, to put off a boat.

{To put on} or {upon}.
(a) To invest one's self with, as clothes; to assume.
``Mercury . . . put on the shape of a man.''
(b) To impute (something) to; to charge upon; as, to put
blame on or upon another.
(c) To advance; to promote. [Obs.] ``This came handsomely
to put on the peace.'' --Bacon.
(d) To impose; to inflict. ``That which thou puttest on
me, will I bear.'' --2 Kings xviii. 14.
(e) To apply; as, to put on workmen; to put on steam.
(f) To deceive; to trick. ``The stork found he was put
upon.'' --L'Estrange.
(g) To place upon, as a means or condition; as, he put him
upon bread and water. ``This caution will put them
upon considering.'' --Locke.
(h) (Law) To rest upon; to submit to; as, a defendant puts
himself on or upon the country. --Burrill.

{To put out}.
(a) To eject; as, to put out and intruder.
(b) To put forth; to shoot, as a bud, or sprout.
(c) To extinguish; as, to put out a candle, light, or
(d) To place at interest; to loan; as, to put out funds.
(e) To provoke, as by insult; to displease; to vex; as, he
was put out by my reply. [Colloq.]
(f) To protrude; to stretch forth; as, to put out the
(g) To publish; to make public; as, to put out a pamphlet.
(h) To confuse; to disconcert; to interrupt; as, to put
one out in reading or speaking.
(i) (Law) To open; as, to put out lights, that is, to open
or cut windows. --Burrill.
(j) (Med.) To place out of joint; to dislocate; as, to put
out the ankle.
(k) To cause to cease playing, or to prevent from playing
longer in a certain inning, as in base ball.

{To put over}.
(a) To place (some one) in authority over; as, to put a
general over a division of an army.
(b) To refer.

For the certain knowledge of that truth I put
you o'er to heaven and to my mother. --Shak.
(c) To defer; to postpone; as, the court put over the
cause to the next term.
(d) To transfer (a person or thing) across; as, to put one
over the river.

{To put the hand} {to or unto}.
(a) To take hold of, as of an instrument of labor; as, to
put the hand to the plow; hence, to engage in (any
task or affair); as, to put one's hand to the work.
(b) To take or seize, as in theft. ``He hath not put his
hand unto his neighbor's goods.'' --Ex. xxii. 11.

{To put through}, to cause to go through all conditions or
stages of a progress; hence, to push to completion; to
accomplish; as, he put through a measure of legislation;
he put through a railroad enterprise. [U.S.]

{To put to}.
(a) To add; to unite; as, to put one sum to another.
(b) To refer to; to expose; as, to put the safety of the
state to hazard. ``That dares not put it to the
touch.'' --Montrose.
(c) To attach (something) to; to harness beasts to.

{To put to a stand}, to stop; to arrest by obstacles or

{To put to bed}.
(a) To undress and place in bed, as a child.
(b) To deliver in, or to make ready for, childbirth.

{To put to death}, to kill.

{To put together}, to attach; to aggregate; to unite in one.

{To put this and that} (or {two and two}) {together}, to draw
an inference; to form a correct conclusion.

{To put to it}, to distress; to press hard; to perplex; to
give difficulty to. ``O gentle lady, do not put me to
't.'' --Shak.

{To put to rights}, to arrange in proper order; to settle or
compose rightly.

{To put to the sword}, to kill with the sword; to slay.

{To put to trial}, or {on trial}, to bring to a test; to try.

{To put trust in}, to confide in; to repose confidence in.

{To put up}.
(a) To pass unavenged; to overlook; not to punish or
resent; to put up with; as, to put up indignities.
[Obs.] ``Such national injuries are not to be put
up.'' --Addison.
(b) To send forth or upward; as, to put up goods for sale.
(d) To start from a cover, as game. ``She has been
frightened; she has been put up.'' --C. Kingsley.
(e) To hoard. ``Himself never put up any of the rent.''
(f) To lay side or preserve; to pack away; to store; to
pickle; as, to put up pork, beef, or fish.
(g) To place out of sight, or away; to put in its proper
place; as, put up that letter. --Shak.
(h) To incite; to instigate; -- followed by to; as, he put
the lad up to mischief.
(i) To raise; to erect; to build; as, to put up a tent, or
a house.
(j) To lodge; to entertain; as, to put up travelers.

{To put up a job}, to arrange a plot. [Slang]

Syn: To place; set; lay; cause; produce; propose; state.

Usage: {Put}, {Lay}, {Place}, {Set}. These words agree in the
idea of fixing the position of some object, and are
often used interchangeably. To put is the least
definite, denoting merely to move to a place. To place
has more particular reference to the precise location,
as to put with care in a certain or proper place. To
set or to lay may be used when there is special
reference to the position of the object.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Tread \Tread\, v. i. [imp. {Trod}; p. p. {Trodden}, {Trod}; p.
pr. & vb. n. {Treading}.] [OE. treden, AS. tredan; akin to
OFries. treda, OS. tredan, D. & LG. treden, G. treten, OHG.
tretan, Icel. tro?a, Sw. tr[*a]da, tr["a]da, Dan. tr[ae]de,
Goth. trudan, and perhaps ultimately to F. tramp; cf. Gr. ? a
running, Skr. dram to run. Cf. {Trade}, {Tramp}, {Trot}.]
1. To set the foot; to step.

Where'er you tread, the blushing flowers shall rise.

Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. --Pope.

The hard stone Under our feet, on which we tread and
go. --Chaucer.

2. To walk or go; especially, to walk with a stately or a
cautious step.

Ye that . . . stately tread, or lowly creep.

3. To copulate; said of birds, esp. the males. --Shak.

{To tread on} or {upon}.
(a) To trample; to set the foot on in contempt. ``Thou
shalt tread upon their high places.'' --Deut. xxxiii.
(b) to follow closely. ``Year treads on year.''

{To tread upon the heels of}, to follow close upon.
``Dreadful consequences that tread upon the heels of those
allowances to sin.'' --Milton.

One woe doth tread upon another's heel. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

{To turn one's coat}, to change one's uniform or colors; to
go over to the opposite party.

{To turn one's goods} or {money}, and the like, to exchange
in the course of trade; to keep in lively exchange or
circulation; to gain or increase in trade.

{To turn one's hand to}, to adapt or apply one's self to; to
engage in.

{To turn out}.
(a) To drive out; to expel; as, to turn a family out of
doors; to turn a man out of office.

I'll turn you out of my kingdom. -- Shak.
(b) to put to pasture, as cattle or horses.
(c) To produce, as the result of labor, or any process of
manufacture; to furnish in a completed state.
(d) To reverse, as a pocket, bag, etc., so as to bring the
inside to the outside; hence, to produce.
(e) To cause to cease, or to put out, by turning a
stopcock, valve, or the like; as, to turn out the

{To turn over}.
(a) To change or reverse the position of; to overset; to
overturn; to cause to roll over.
(b) To transfer; as, to turn over business to another
(c) To read or examine, as a book, while, turning the
leaves. ``We turned o'er many books together.''
(d) To handle in business; to do business to the amount
of; as, he turns over millions a year. [Colloq.]

{To turn over a new leaf}. See under {Leaf}.

{To turn tail}, to run away; to retreat ignominiously.

{To turn the back}, to flee; to retreat.

{To turn the back on} or

{upon}, to treat with contempt; to reject or refuse

{To turn the corner}, to pass the critical stage; to get by
the worst point; hence, to begin to improve, or to

{To turn the die} or {dice}, to change fortune.

{To turn the edge} or {point of}, to bend over the edge or
point of so as to make dull; to blunt.

{To turn the head} or {brain of}, to make giddy, wild,
insane, or the like; to infatuate; to overthrow the reason
or judgment of; as, a little success turned his head.

{To turn the scale} or {balance}, to change the
preponderance; to decide or determine something doubtful.

{To turn the stomach of}, to nauseate; to sicken.

{To turn the tables}, to reverse the chances or conditions of
success or superiority; to give the advantage to the
person or side previously at a disadvantage.

{To turn tippet}, to make a change. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.

{To turn to} {profit, advantage}, etc., to make profitable or

{To turn up}.
(a) To turn so as to bring the bottom side on top; as, to
turn up the trump.
(b) To bring from beneath to the surface, as in plowing,
digging, etc.
(c) To give an upward curve to; to tilt; as, to turn up
the nose.

{To turn upon}, to retort; to throw back; as, to turn the
arguments of an opponent upon himself.

{To turn upside down}, to confuse by putting things awry; to
throw into disorder.

This house is turned upside down since Robin Ostler
died. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Turn \Turn\, v. i.
1. To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve
entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so
as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a
wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man
turns on his heel.

The gate . . . on golden hinges turning. --Milton.

2. Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge;
to depend; as, the decision turns on a single fact.

Conditions of peace certainly turn upon events of
war. --Swift.

3. To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to

If we repent seriously, submit contentedly, and
serve him faithfully, afflictions shall turn to our
advantage. --Wake.

4. To be deflected; to take a different direction or
tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently
applied; to be transferred; as, to turn from the road.

Turn from thy fierce wrath. --Ex. xxxii.

Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways. --Ezek.
xxxiii. 11.

The understanding turns inward on itself, and
reflects on its own operations. --Locke.

5. To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become
transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to
grow; as, wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one
color turns to another; to turn Mohammedan.

I hope you have no intent to turn husband. --Shak.

Cygnets from gray turn white. --Bacon.

6. To undergo the process of turning on a lathe; as, ivory
turns well.

7. Specifically:
(a) To become acid; to sour; -- said of milk, ale, etc.
(b) To become giddy; -- said of the head or brain.

I'll look no more; Lest my brain turn. --Shak.
(c) To be nauseated; -- said of the stomach.
(d) To become inclined in the other direction; -- said of
(e) To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; --
said of the tide.
(f) (Obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the
womb, in order to facilitate delivery.

8. (Print.) To invert a type of the same thickness, as
temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.

{To turn about}, to face to another quarter; to turn around.

{To turn again}, to come back after going; to return. --Shak.

{To turn against}, to become unfriendly or hostile to.

{To turn} {aside or away}.
(a) To turn from the direct course; to withdraw from a
company; to deviate.
(b) To depart; to remove.
(c) To avert one's face.

{To turn back}, to turn so as to go in an opposite direction;
to retrace one's steps.

{To turn in}.
(a) To bend inward.
(b) To enter for lodgings or entertainment.
(c) To go to bed. [Colloq.]

{To turn into}, to enter by making a turn; as, to turn into a
side street.

{To turn off}, to be diverted; to deviate from a course; as,
the road turns off to the left.

{To turn on} or {upon}.
(a) To turn against; to confront in hostility or anger.
(b) To reply to or retort.
(c) To depend on; as, the result turns on one condition.

{To turn out}.
(a) To move from its place, as a bone.
(b) To bend or point outward; as, his toes turn out.
(c) To rise from bed. [Colloq.]
(d) To come abroad; to appear; as, not many turned out to
the fire.
(e) To prove in the result; to issue; to result; as, the
crops turned out poorly.

{To turn over}, to turn from side to side; to roll; to

{To turn round}.
(a) To change position so as to face in another direction.
(b) To change one's opinion; to change from one view or
party to another.

{To turn to}, to apply one's self to; have recourse to; to
refer to. ``Helvicus's tables may be turned to on all
occasions.'' --Locke.

{To turn to account}, {profit}, {advantage}, or the like, to
be made profitable or advantageous; to become worth the

{To turn under}, to bend, or be folded, downward or under.

{To turn up}.
(a) To bend, or be doubled, upward.
(b) To appear; to come to light; to transpire; to occur;
to happen.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Reckon \Reck"on\, v. i.
1. To make an enumeration or computation; to engage in
numbering or computing. --Shak.

2. To come to an accounting; to make up accounts; to settle;
to examine and strike the balance of debt and credit; to
adjust relations of desert or penalty.

``Parfay,'' sayst thou, ``sometime he reckon
shall.'' --Chaucer.

{To reckon for}, to answer for; to pay the account for. ``If
they fail in their bounden duty, they shall reckon for it
one day.'' --Bp. Sanderson.

{To reckon on} or {upon}, to count or depend on.

{To reckon with}, to settle accounts or claims with; -- used
literally or figuratively.

After a long time the lord of those servants cometh,
and reckoneth with them. --Matt. xxv.

{To reckon without one's host}, to ignore in a calculation or
arrangement the person whose assent is essential; hence,
to reckon erroneously.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Upon \Up*on"\, prep.[AS. uppan, uppon; upp up + on, an, on. See
{Up}, and {On}.]
On; -- used in all the senses of that word, with which it is
interchangeable. ``Upon an hill of flowers.'' --Chaucer.

Our host upon his stirrups stood anon. --Chaucer.

Thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar.
--Ex. xxix.

The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. --Judg. xvi.

As I did stand my watch upon the hill. --Shak.

He made a great difference between people that did
rebel upon wantonness, and them that did rebel upon
want. --Bacon.

This advantage we lost upon the invention of firearms.

Upon the whole, it will be necessary to avoid that
perpetual repetition of the same epithets which we find
in Homer. --Pope.

He had abandoned the frontiers, retiring upon Glasgow.
--Sir. W.

Philip swore upon the Evangelists to abstain from
aggression in my absence. --Landor.

Note: Upon conveys a more distinct notion that on carries
with it of something that literally or metaphorically
bears or supports. It is less employed than it used to
be, on having for the most part taken its place. Some
expressions formed with it belong only to old style;
as, upon pity they were taken away; that is, in
consequence of pity: upon the rate of thirty thousand;
that is, amounting to the rate: to die upon the hand;
that is, by means of the hand: he had a garment upon;
that is, upon himself: the time is coming fast upon;
that is, upon the present time. By the omission of its
object, upon acquires an adverbial sense, as in the
last two examples.

{To assure upon} (Law), to promise; to undertake.

{To come upon}. See under {Come}.

{To take upon}, to assume.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad?n, ad?ne, prop., from
or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf.
1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the
earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; --
the opposite of up.

2. Hence, in many derived uses, as:
(a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or
figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top
of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground
or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition;
as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and
the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs
indicating motion.

It will be rain to-night. Let it come down.

I sit me down beside the hazel grove.

And that drags down his life. --Tennyson.

There is not a more melancholy object in the
learned world than a man who has written himself
down. --Addison.

The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone]
the English. --Shak.
(b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or
figuratively; at the bottom of a decent; below the
horizon; of the ground; in a condition of humility,
dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.

I was down and out of breath. --Shak.

The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.

He that is down needs fear no fall. --Bunyan.

3. From a remoter or higher antiquity.

Venerable men! you have come down to us from a
former generation. --D. Webster.

4. From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a
thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in
making decoctions. --Arbuthnot.

Note: Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go
down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul
down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or

Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.

If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone
will down. --Locke.
Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down;
to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.

The temple of Her[`e] at Argos was burnt down.
(Thucyd. ).
Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a
conventional sense; as, down East.

Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and
those in the provinces, up to London.

{Down helm} (Naut.), an order to the helmsman to put the helm
to leeward.

{Down on} or {upon} (joined with a verb indicating motion, as
go, come, pounce), to attack, implying the idea of
threatening power.

Come down upon us with a mighty power. --Shak.

{Down with}, take down, throw down, put down; -- used in
energetic command. ``Down with the palace; fire it.''

{To be down on}, to dislike and treat harshly. [Slang, U.S.]

{To cry down}. See under {Cry}, v. t.

{To cut down}. See under {Cut}, v. t.

{Up and down}, with rising and falling motion; to and fro;
hither and thither; everywhere. ``Let them wander up and
down.'' --Ps. lix. 15.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Dwell \Dwell\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Dwelled}, usually contracted
into {Dwelt} (?); p. pr. & vb. n. {Dwelling}.] [OE. dwellen,
dwelien, to err, linger, AS. dwellan to deceive, hinder,
delay, dwelian to err; akin to Icel. dvelja to delay, tarry,
Sw. dv["a]ljas to dwell, Dan. dv[ae]le to linger, and to E.
dull. See {Dull}, and cf. {Dwale}.]
1. To delay; to linger. [Obs.]

2. To abide; to remain; to continue.

I 'll rather dwell in my necessity. --Shak.

Thy soul was like a star and dwelt apart.

3. To abide as a permanent resident, or for a time; to live
in a place; to reside.

The parish in which I was born, dwell, and have
possessions. --Peacham.

The poor man dwells in a humble cottage near the
hall where the lord of the domain resides. --C. J.

{To dwell in}, to abide in (a place); hence, to depend on.
``My hopes in heaven to dwell.'' --Shak.

{To dwell on} or {upon}, to continue long on or in; to remain
absorbed with; to stick to; to make much of; as, to dwell
upon a subject; a singer dwells on a note.

They stand at a distance, dwelling on his looks and
language, fixed in amazement. --Buckminster.

Syn: To inhabit; live; abide; sojourn; reside; continue;
stay; rest.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fasten \Fas"ten\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fastened}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Fastening}.] [AS. f[ae]stnian; akin to OHG. festin[=o]n.
See {Fast}, a.]
1. To fix firmly; to make fast; to secure, as by a knot,
lock, bolt, etc.; as, to fasten a chain to the feet; to
fasten a door or window.

2. To cause to hold together or to something else; to attach
or unite firmly; to cause to cleave to something, or to
cleave together, by any means; as, to fasten boards
together with nails or cords; to fasten anything in our

The words Whig and Tory have been pressed to the
service of many successions of parties, with very
different ideas fastened to them. --Swift.

3. To cause to take close effect; to make to tell; to lay on;
as, to fasten a blow. [Obs.] --Dryden.

If I can fasten but one cup upon him. --Shak.

{To fasten} {a charge, or a crime}, {upon}, to make his guilt
certain, or so probable as to be generally believed.

{To fasten one's eyes upon}, to look upon steadily without
cessation. --Acts iii. 4.

Syn: To fix; cement; stick; link; affix; annex.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Father \Fa"ther\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fathered}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Fathering}.]
1. To make one's self the father of; to beget.

Cowards father cowards, and base things sire base.

2. To take as one's own child; to adopt; hence, to assume as
one's own work; to acknowledge one's self author of or
responsible for (a statement, policy, etc.).

Men of wit Often fathered what he writ. --Swift.

3. To provide with a father. [R.]

Think you I am no stronger than my sex, Being so
fathered and so husbanded ? --Shak.

{To father on} or {upon}, to ascribe to, or charge upon, as
one's offspring or work; to put or lay upon as being
responsible. ``Nothing can be so uncouth or extravagant,
which may not be fathered on some fetch of wit, or some
caprice of humor.'' --Barrow.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gain \Gain\, v. i.
To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to
grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to
make progress; as, the sick man gains daily.

Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by
extortion. --Ezek. xxii.

{Gaining twist}, in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves,
which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle.

{To gain on} or {upon}.
(a) To encroach on; as, the ocean gains on the land.
(b) To obtain influence with.
(c) To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or
(d) To get the better of; to have the advantage of.

The English have not only gained upon the Venetians
in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice
itself. --Addison.

My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor,
that I began to conceive hopes of liberty. --Swift.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Hit \Hit\, v. i.
1. To meet or come in contact; to strike; to clash; --
followed by against or on.

If bodies be extension alone, how can they move and
hit one against another? --Locke.

Corpuscles, meeting with or hitting on those bodies,
become conjoined with them. --Woodward.

2. To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed,
-- often with implied chance, or luck.

And oft it hits Where hope is coldest and despair
most fits. --Shak.

And millions miss for one that hits. --Swift.

{To hit on} or {upon}, to light upon; to come to by chance.
``None of them hit upon the art.'' --Addison.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cry \Cry\ (kr[imac]), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Cried} (kr[imac]d);
p. pr. & vb. n. {Crying}.] [F. crier, cf. L. quiritare to
raise a plaintive cry, scream, shriek, perh. fr. queri to
complain; cf. Skr. cvas to pant, hiss, sigh. Cf. {Quarrel} a
brawl, {Querulous}.]
1. To make a loud call or cry; to call or exclaim vehemently
or earnestly; to shout; to vociferate; to proclaim; to
pray; to implore.

And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud
voice. -- Matt.
xxvii. 46.

Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voice.

Hear the voice of my supplications when I cry unto
thee. -- Ps. xxviii.

The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness,
Prepare ye the way of the Lord. --Is. xl. 3.

Some cried after him to return. --Bunyan.

2. To utter lamentations; to lament audibly; to express pain,
grief, or distress, by weeping and sobbing; to shed tears;
to bawl, as a child.

Ye shall cry for sorrow of heart. --Is. lxv. 14.

I could find it in my heart to disgrace my man's
apparel and to cry like a woman. --Shak.

3. To utter inarticulate sounds, as animals.

The young ravens which cry. --Ps. cxlvii.

In a cowslip's bell I lie There I couch when owls do
cry. --Shak.

{To cry on} or {upon}, to call upon the name of; to beseech.
``No longer on Saint Denis will we cry.'' --Shak.

{To cry out}.
(a) To exclaim; to vociferate; to scream; to clamor.
(b) To complain loudly; to lament.

{To cry out against}, to complain loudly of; to censure; to

{To cry out on} or {upon}, to denounce; to censure. ``Cries
out upon abuses.'' --Shak.

{To cry to}, to call on in prayer; to implore.

{To cry you mercy}, to beg your pardon. ``I cry you mercy,
madam; was it you?'' --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Impose \Im*pose"\, v. i.
To practice trick or deception.

{To impose on} or {upon}, to pass or put a trick on; to
delude. ``He imposes on himself, and mistakes words for
things.'' --Locke.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Improve \Im*prove"\, v. i.
1. To grow better; to advance or make progress in what is
desirable; to make or show improvement; as, to improve in

We take care to improve in our frugality and
diligence. --Atterbury.

2. To advance or progress in bad qualities; to grow worse.
``Domitain improved in cruelty.'' --Milner.

3. To increase; to be enhanced; to rise in value; as, the
price of cotton improves.

{To improve on} or {upon}, to make useful additions or
amendments to, or changes in; to bring nearer to
perfection; as, to improve on the mode of tillage.

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