Hypertext Webster Gateway: "came"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Came \Came\,
imp. of {Come}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Came \Came\, n. [Cf. Scot. came, caim, comb, and OE. camet
A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in
casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the
panes or pieces of glass.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Come \Come\, v. i. [imp. {Came}; p. p. {Come}; p. pr & vb. n.
{Coming}.] [OE. cumen, comen, AS. cuman; akin to OS. kuman,
D. komen, OHG. queman, G. kommen, Icel. koma, Sw. komma, Dan.
komme, Goth. giman, L. venire (gvenire), Gr. ? to go, Skr.
gam. [root]23. Cf. {Base}, n., {Convene}, {Adventure}.]
1. To move hitherward; to draw near; to approach the speaker,
or some place or person indicated; -- opposed to go.

Look, who comes yonder? --Shak.

I did not come to curse thee. --Tennyson.

2. To complete a movement toward a place; to arrive.

When we came to Rome. --Acts xxviii.

Lately come from Italy. --Acts xviii.

3. To approach or arrive, as if by a journey or from a
distance. ``Thy kingdom come.'' --Matt. vi. 10.

The hour is coming, and now is. --John. v. 25.

So quick bright things come to confusion. --Shak.

4. To approach or arrive, as the result of a cause, or of the
act of another.

From whence come wars? --James iv. 1.

Both riches and honor come of thee ! --1 Chron.
xxix. 12.

5. To arrive in sight; to be manifest; to appear.

Then butter does refuse to come. --Hudibras.

6. To get to be, as the result of change or progress; -- with
a predicate; as, to come untied.

How come you thus estranged? --Shak.

How come her eyes so bright? --Shak.

Note: Am come, is come, etc., are frequently used instead of
have come, has come, etc., esp. in poetry. The verb to
be gives a clearer adjectival significance to the
participle as expressing a state or condition of the
subject, while the auxiliary have expresses simply the
completion of the action signified by the verb.

Think not that I am come to destroy. --Matt. v.

We are come off like Romans. --Shak.

The melancholy days are come, the saddest of the
year. --Bryant.

Note: Come may properly be used (instead of go) in speaking
of a movement hence, or away, when there is reference
to an approach to the person addressed; as, I shall
come home next week; he will come to your house to-day.
It is used with other verbs almost as an auxiliary,
indicative of approach to the action or state expressed
by the verb; as, how came you to do it? Come is used
colloquially, with reference to a definite future time
approaching, without an auxiliary; as, it will be two
years, come next Christmas; i. e., when Christmas shall

They were cried In meeting, come next Sunday.
Come, in the imperative, is used to excite attention,
or to invite to motion or joint action; come, let us
go. ``This is the heir; come, let us kill him.''
--Matt. xxi. 38. When repeated, it sometimes expresses
haste, or impatience, and sometimes rebuke. ``Come,
come, no time for lamentation now.'' --Milton.

{To come}, yet to arrive, future. ``In times to come.''
--Dryden. ``There's pippins and cheese to come.'' --Shak.

{To come about}.
(a) To come to pass; to arrive; to happen; to result; as,
how did these things come about?
(b) To change; to come round; as, the ship comes about.
``The wind is come about.'' --Shak.

On better thoughts, and my urged reasons, They
are come about, and won to the true side. --B.

{To come abroad}.
(a) To move or be away from one's home or country. ``Am
come abroad to see the world.'' --Shak.
(b) To become public or known. [Obs.] ``Neither was
anything kept secret, but that it should come
abroad.'' --Mark. iv. 22.

{To come across}, to meet; to find, esp. by chance or
suddenly. ``We come across more than one incidental
mention of those wars.'' --E. A. Freeman. ``Wagner's was
certainly one of the strongest and most independent
natures I ever came across.'' --H. R. Haweis.

{To come after}.
(a) To follow.
(b) To come to take or to obtain; as, to come after a

{To come again}, to return. ``His spirit came again and he
revived.'' --Judges. xv. 19. -

{To come and go}.
(a) To appear and disappear; to change; to alternate.
``The color of the king doth come and go.'' --Shak.
(b) (Mech.) To play backward and forward.

{To come at}.
(a) To reach; to arrive within reach of; to gain; as, to
come at a true knowledge of ourselves.
(b) To come toward; to attack; as, he came at me with

{To come away}, to part or depart.

{To come between}, to intervene; to separate; hence, to cause

{To come by}.
(a) To obtain, gain, acquire. ``Examine how you came by
all your state.'' --Dryden.
(b) To pass near or by way of.

{To come down}.
(a) To descend.
(b) To be humbled.

{To come down upon}, to call to account, to reprimand.
[Colloq.] --Dickens.

{To come home}.
(a) To return to one's house or family.
(b) To come close; to press closely; to touch the
feelings, interest, or reason.
(c) (Naut.) To be loosened from the ground; -- said of an

{To come in}.
(a) To enter, as a town, house, etc. ``The thief cometh
in.'' --Hos. vii. 1.
(b) To arrive; as, when my ship comes in.
(c) To assume official station or duties; as, when Lincoln
came in.
(d) To comply; to yield; to surrender. ``We need not fear
his coming in'' --Massinger.
(e) To be brought into use. ``Silken garments did not come
in till late.'' --Arbuthnot.
(f) To be added or inserted; to be or become a part of.
(g) To accrue as gain from any business or investment.
(h) To mature and yield a harvest; as, the crops come in
(i) To have sexual intercourse; -- with to or unto. --Gen.
xxxviii. 16.
(j) To have young; to bring forth; as, the cow will come
in next May. [U. S.]

{To come in for}, to claim or receive. ``The rest came in for
subsidies.'' --Swift.

{To come into}, to join with; to take part in; to agree to;
to comply with; as, to come into a party or scheme.

{To come it over}, to hoodwink; to get the advantage of.

{To come} {near or nigh}, to approach in place or quality; to
be equal to. ``Nothing ancient or modern seems to come
near it.'' --Sir W. Temple.

{To come of}.
(a) To descend or spring from. ``Of Priam's royal race my
mother came.'' --Dryden.
(b) To result or follow from. ``This comes of judging by
the eye.'' --L'Estrange.

{To come off}.
(a) To depart or pass off from.
(b) To get free; to get away; to escape.
(c) To be carried through; to pass off; as, it came off
(d) To acquit one's self; to issue from (a contest, etc.);
as, he came off with honor; hence, substantively, a
come-off, an escape; an excuse; an evasion. [Colloq.]
(e) To pay over; to give. [Obs.]
(f) To take place; to happen; as, when does the race come
(g) To be or become after some delay; as, the weather came
off very fine.
(h) To slip off or be taken off, as a garment; to
(i) To hurry away; to get through. --Chaucer.

{To come off by}, to suffer. [Obs.] ``To come off by the
worst.'' --Calamy.

{To come off from}, to leave. ``To come off from these grave
disquisitions.'' --Felton.

{To come on}.
(a) To advance; to make progress; to thrive.
(b) To move forward; to approach; to supervene.

{To come out}.
(a) To pass out or depart, as from a country, room,
company, etc. ``They shall come out with great
substance.'' --Gen. xv. 14.
(b) To become public; to appear; to be published. ``It is
indeed come out at last.'' --Bp. Stillingfleet.
(c) To end; to result; to turn out; as, how will this
affair come out? he has come out well at last.
(d) To be introduced into society; as, she came out two
seasons ago.
(e) To appear; to show itself; as, the sun came out.
(f) To take sides; to take a stand; as, he came out
against the tariff.

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