Hypertext Webster Gateway: "over"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Over \O"ver\, prep. [AS. ofer; akin to D. over, G. ["u]ber, OHG.
ubir, ubar, Dan. over, Sw. ["o]fver, Icel. yfir, Goth. ufar,
L. super, Gr. ?, Skr. upari. ?199. Cf. {Above}, {Eaves},
{Hyper-}, {Orlop}, {Super-}, {Sovereign}, {Up}.]
1. Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea
of covering; -- opposed to {under}; as, clouds are over
our heads; the smoke rises over the city.

The mercy seat that is over the testimony. --Ex.
xxx. 6.

Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of
morning. --Longfellow.

2. Across; from side to side of; -- implying a passing or
moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the
surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table.

Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly over
them. --Bacon.

3. Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and
thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to
wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a

4. Above; -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity,
condition, or value; as, the advantages which the
Christian world has over the heathen. --Swift.

5. Above in authority or station; -- implying government,
direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.;
-- opposed to {under}.

Thou shalt be over my house. --Gen. xli.

I will make thee rules over many things. --Matt.
xxv. 23.

Dost thou not watch over my sin ? --Job xiv. 16.

His tender mercies are over all his works. --Ps.
cxlv. 9.

6. Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of;
as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter.

7. Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea
of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was
over his head, over his shoes.

8. Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it
cost over five dollars. ``Over all this.'' --Chaucer.

9. Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of;
notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the
bill was passed over the veto.

Note: Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

Note: Over his signature (or name) is a substitute for the
idiomatic English form, under his signature (name, hand
and seal, etc.), the reference in the latter form being
to the authority under which the writing is made,
executed, or published, and not the place of the
autograph, etc.

{Over all} (Her.), placed over or upon other bearings, and
therefore hinding them in part; -- said of a charge.

{Over head and ears}, beyond one's depth; completely; wholly;
hopelessly; as, over head and ears in debt.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Over \O"ver\, adv.
1. From one side to another; from side to side; across;
crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. e., a
foot in diameter.

2. From one person or place to another regarded as on the
opposite side of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of
motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the
money; to go over to the enemy. ``We will pass over to
Gibeah.'' --Judges xix. 12. Also, with verbs of being: At,
or on, the opposite side; as, the boat is over.

3. From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or
expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock
of goods; a dress covered over with jewels.

4. From inside to outside, above or across the brim.

Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over.
--Luke vi. 38.

5. Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity;
superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work
over. ``So over violent.'' --Dryden.

He that gathered much had nothing over. --Ex. xvi.

6. In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top;
as, to turn (one's self) over; to roll a stone over; to
turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart.

7. At an end; beyond the limit of continuance; completed;
finished. ``Their distress was over.'' --Macaulay. ``The
feast was over.'' --Sir W. Scott.

Note: Over, out, off, and similar adverbs, are often used in
the predicate with the sense and force of adjectives,
agreeing in this respect with the adverbs of place,
here, there, everywhere, nowhere; as, the games were
over; the play is over; the master was out; his hat is

Note: Over is much used in composition, with the same
significations that it has as a separate word; as in
overcast, overflow, to cast or flow so as to spread
over or cover; overhang, to hang above; overturn, to
turn so as to bring the underside towards the top;
overact, overreach, to act or reach beyond, implying
excess or superiority.

{All over}.
(a) Over the whole; upon all parts; completely; as, he is
spatterd with mud all over.
(b) Wholly over; at an end; as, it is all over with him.

{Over again}, once more; with repetition; afresh; anew.

{Over against}, opposite; in front. --Addison.

{Over and above}, in a manner, or degree, beyond what is
supposed, defined, or usual; besides; in addition; as, not
over and above well. ``He . . . gained, over and above,
the good will of all people.'' --L' Estrange.

{Over and over}, repeatedly; again and again.

{To boil over}. See under {Boil}, v. i.

{To come it over}, {To do over}, {To give over}, etc. See
under {Come}, {Do}, {Give}, etc.

{To throw over}, to abandon; to betray. Cf. {To throw
overboard}, under {Overboard}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Over \O"ver\, a.
Upper; covering; higher; superior; also, excessive; too much
or too great; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes,
overcoat, over-garment, overlord, overwork, overhaste.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Over \O"ver\, n. (Cricket)
A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered
successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is
bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the
fielders changing places.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: having come or been brought to a conclusion; "the harvesting
was complete"; "the affair is over, ended, finished";
"the abruptly terminated interview" [syn: {complete},
{concluded}, {ended}, {over(p)}, {all over}, {terminated}]
2: (prefix) excessive; "over-abusive"; "overabusive"
n : (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6
in England; 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by
one player from the other team from the same end of the
adv 1: at or to a point across intervening space etc.; "come over
and see us some time"; "over there"
2: throughout an area; "he is known the world over"
3: in such a manner as to be understood and accepted; "she
cannot get her ideas across" [syn: {across}]
4: throughout a period of time; "stay over the weekend" [syn: {o'er}]

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