Hypertext Webster Gateway: "against"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Against \A*gainst"\ (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS.
ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See
1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the
mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over.

Jacob saw the angels of God come against him.

2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in
contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats
against the roof.

3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment
or of action; on the other side; counter to; in
contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason;
against law; to run a race against time.

The gate would have been shut against her.

An argument against the use of steam. --Tyndale.

4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to
be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.]

Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came
from Damascus. --2 Kings xvi.

{Against the sun}, in a direction contrary to that in which
the sun appears to move.

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