Hypertext Webster Gateway: "motion"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Resolution \Res`o*lu"tion\ (-l?"sh?n), n. [F. r['e]solution. L.
resolutio a loosening, solution. See {Resolve}.]
1. The act, operation, or process of resolving. Specifically:
(a) The act of separating a compound into its elements or
component parts.
(b) The act of analyzing a complex notion, or solving a
vexed question or difficult problem.

The unraveling and resolution of the
difficulties that are met with in the execution
of the design are the end of an action.

2. The state of being relaxed; relaxation. [Obs.]

3. The state of being resolved, settled, or determined;
firmness; steadiness; constancy; determination.

Be it with resolution then to fight. --Shak.

4. That which is resolved or determined; a settled purpose;
determination. Specifically: A formal expression of the
opinion or will of an official body or a public assembly,
adopted by vote; as, a legislative resolution; the
resolutions of a public meeting.

5. The state of being resolved or firm in opinion or thought;
conviction; assurance. [Obs.]

Little resolution and certainty there is as touching
the islands of Mauritania. --Holland.

6. (Math.) The act or process of solving; solution; as, the
resolution of an equation or problem.

7. (Med.) A breaking up, disappearance; or termination, as of
a fever, a tumor, or the like.

8. (Mus.) The passing of a dissonant into a consonant chord
by the rising or falling of the note which makes the

{Joint resolution}. See under {Joint}, a.

{Resolution of a force} or {motion} (Mech.), the separation
of a single force or motion into two or more which have
different directions, and, taken together, are an
equivalent for the single one; -- the opposite of
{composition of a force}.

{Resolution of a nebula} (Astron.), the exhibition of it to
the eye by a telescope of such power as to show it to be
composed of small stars.

Syn: Decision; analysis; separation; disentanglement;
dissolution; resolvedness; resoluteness; firmness;
constancy; perseverance; steadfastness; fortitude;
boldness; purpose; resolve. See {Decision}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Resultant \Re*sult"ant\, a. [L. resultans, p. pr. : cf. F.
Resulting or issuing from a combination; existing or
following as a result or consequence.

{Resultant force} or {motion} (Mech.), a force which is the
result of two or more forces acting conjointly, or a
motion which is the result of two or more motions
combined. See {Composition of forces}, under

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Motion \Mo"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to
move. See {Move}.]
1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position;
movement; the passing of a body from one place or position
to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed
to {rest}.

Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace attends
thee, and each word, each motion, forms. --Milton.

2. Power of, or capacity for, motion.

Devoid of sense and motion. --Milton.

3. Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of
the planets is from west to east.

In our proper motion we ascend. --Milton.

4. Change in the relative position of the parts of anything;
action of a machine with respect to the relative movement
of its parts.

This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its
motion. --Dr. H. More.

5. Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or
impulse to any action; internal activity.

Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his
heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from
God. --South.

6. A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress;
esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly;
as, a motion to adjourn.

Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion. --Shak.

7. (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in
open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule
directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
--Mozley & W.

8. (Mus.) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in
the same part or in groups of parts.

The independent motions of different parts sounding
together constitute counterpoint. --Grove.

Note: Conjunct motion is that by single degrees of the scale.
Contrary motion is that when parts move in opposite
directions. Disjunct motion is motion by skips. Oblique
motion is that when one part is stationary while
another moves. Similar or direct motion is that when
parts move in the same direction.

9. A puppet show or puppet. [Obs.]

What motion's this? the model of Nineveh? --Beau. &

Note: Motion, in mechanics, may be simple or compound.

{Simple motions} are: ({a}) straight translation, which, if
of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating. ({b})
Simple rotation, which may be either continuous or
reciprocating, and when reciprocating is called
oscillating. ({c}) Helical, which, if of indefinite
duration, must be reciprocating.

{Compound motion} consists of combinations of any of the
simple motions.

{Center of motion}, {Harmonic motion}, etc. See under
{Center}, {Harmonic}, etc.

{Motion block} (Steam Engine), a crosshead.

{Perpetual motion} (Mech.), an incessant motion conceived to
be attainable by a machine supplying its own motive forces
independently of any action from without.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Motion \Mo"tion\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Motioned}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Motioning}.]
1. To make a significant movement or gesture, as with the
hand; as, to motion to one to take a seat.

2. To make proposal; to offer plans. [Obs.] --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Motion \Mo"tion\, v. t.
1. To direct or invite by a motion, as of the hand or head;
as, to motion one to a seat.

2. To propose; to move. [Obs.]

I want friends to motion such a matter. --Burton.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a natural event that involves a change in the position or
location of something [syn: {movement}]
2: the use of movements (especially of the hands) to
communicate familiar or prearranged signals [syn: {gesture},
3: a change of position that does not entail a change of
location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his
surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient
move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility" [syn: {movement},
{move}, {motility}]
4: a state of change; "they were in a state of steady motion"
[ant: {motionlessness}]
5: a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly
for discussion and vote; "he made a motion to adjourn";
"she called for the question" [syn: {question}]
6: the act of changing your location from one place to another;
"police controlled the motion of the crowd"; "the movement
of people from the farms to the cities"; "his move put him
directly in my path" [syn: {movement}, {move}]
7: an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid
succession of still pictures of a moving object; "the
cinema relies on apparent motion"; "the succession of
flashing lights gave an illusion of movement" [syn: {apparent
motion}, {apparent movement}, {movement}]
v : show, express or direct through movement; "He gestured his
desire to leave" [syn: {gesticulate}, {gesture}]

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