Hypertext Webster Gateway: "heart"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

According to the Bible, the heart is the centre not only of
spiritual activity, but of all the operations of human life.
"Heart" and "soul" are often used interchangeably (Deut. 6:5;
26:16; comp. Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30, 33), but this is not
generally the case.

The heart is the "home of the personal life," and hence a man
is designated, according to his heart, wise (1 Kings 3:12,
etc.), pure (Ps. 24:4; Matt. 5:8, etc.), upright and righteous
(Gen. 20:5, 6; Ps. 11:2; 78:72), pious and good (Luke 8:15),
etc. In these and such passages the word "soul" could not be
substituted for "heart."

The heart is also the seat of the conscience (Rom. 2:15). It
is naturally wicked (Gen. 8:21), and hence it contaminates the
whole life and character (Matt. 12:34; 15:18; comp. Eccl. 8:11;
Ps. 73:7). Hence the heart must be changed, regenerated (Ezek.
36:26; 11:19; Ps. 51:10-14), before a man can willingly obey

The process of salvation begins in the heart by the believing
reception of the testimony of God, while the rejection of that
testimony hardens the heart (Ps. 95:8; Prov. 28:14; 2 Chr.
36:13). "Hardness of heart evidences itself by light views of
sin; partial acknowledgment and confession of it; pride and
conceit; ingratitude; unconcern about the word and ordinances of
God; inattention to divine providences; stifling convictions of
conscience; shunning reproof; presumption, and general ignorance
of divine things."

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heart \Heart\, n. [OE. harte, herte, heorte, AS. heorte; akin to
OS. herta, OFies. hirte, D. hart, OHG. herza, G. herz, Icel.
hjarta, Sw. hjerta, Goth. ha['i]rt?, Lith. szirdis, Russ.
serdtse, Ir. cridhe, L. cor, Gr. ?, ? ????. Cf. {Accord},
{Discord}, {Cordial}, 4th {Core}, {Courage}.]
1. (Anat.) A hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting
rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.

Why does my blood thus muster to my heart! --Shak.

Note: In adult mammals and birds, the heart is
four-chambered, the right auricle and ventricle being
completely separated from the left auricle and
ventricle; and the blood flows from the systematic
veins to the right auricle, thence to the right
ventricle, from which it is forced to the lungs, then
returned to the left auricle, thence passes to the left
ventricle, from which it is driven into the systematic
arteries. See Illust. under {Aorta}. In fishes there
are but one auricle and one ventricle, the blood being
pumped from the ventricle through the gills to the
system, and thence returned to the auricle. In most
amphibians and reptiles, the separation of the auricles
is partial or complete, and in reptiles the ventricles
also are separated more or less completely. The
so-called lymph hearts, found in many amphibians,
reptiles, and birds, are contractile sacs, which pump
the lymph into the veins.

2. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively
or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the
like; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; --
usually in a good sense, when no epithet is expressed; the
better or lovelier part of our nature; the spring of all
our actions and purposes; the seat of moral life and
character; the moral affections and character itself; the
individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender,
loving, bad, hard, or selfish heart.

Hearts are dust, hearts' loves remain. --Emerson.

3. The nearest the middle or center; the part most hidden and
within; the inmost or most essential part of any body or
system; the source of life and motion in any organization;
the chief or vital portion; the center of activity, or of
energetic or efficient action; as, the heart of a country,
of a tree, etc.

Exploits done in the heart of France. --Shak.

Peace subsisting at the heart Of endless agitation.

4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.

Eve, recovering heart, replied. --Milton.

The expelled nations take heart, and when they fly
from one country invade another. --Sir W.

5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile
production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.

That the spent earth may gather heart again.

6. That which resembles a heart in shape; especially, a
roundish or oval figure or object having an obtuse point
at one end, and at the other a corresponding indentation,
-- used as a symbol or representative of the heart.

7. One of a series of playing cards, distinguished by the
figure or figures of a heart; as, hearts are trumps.

8. Vital part; secret meaning; real intention.

And then show you the heart of my message. --Shak.

9. A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address. ``I
speak to thee, my heart.'' --Shak.

Note: Heart is used in many compounds, the most of which need
no special explanation; as, heart-appalling,
heart-breaking, heart-cheering, heart-chilled,
heart-expanding, heart-free, heart-hardened,
heart-heavy, heart-purifying, heart-searching,
heart-sickening, heart-sinking, heart-stirring,
heart-touching, heart-wearing, heart-whole,
heart-wounding, heart-wringing, etc.

{After one's own heart}, conforming with one's inmost
approval and desire; as, a friend after my own heart.

The Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart.
--1 Sam. xiii.

{At heart}, in the inmost character or disposition; at
bottom; really; as, he is at heart a good man.

{By heart}, in the closest or most thorough manner; as, to
know or learn by heart. ``Composing songs, for fools to
get by heart'' (that is, to commit to memory, or to learn
thoroughly). --Pope.

{For my heart}, for my life; if my life were at stake. [Obs.]
``I could not get him for my heart to do it.'' --Shak.

{Heart bond} (Masonry), a bond in which no header stone
stretches across the wall, but two headers meet in the
middle, and their joint is covered by another stone laid
header fashion. --Knight.

{Heart and hand}, with enthusiastic co["o]peration.

{Heart hardness}, hardness of heart; callousness of feeling;
moral insensibility. --Shak.

{Heart heaviness}, depression of spirits. --Shak.

{Heart point} (Her.), the fess point. See {Escutcheon}.

{Heart rising}, a rising of the heart, as in opposition.

{Heart shell} (Zo["o]l.), any marine, bivalve shell of the
genus {Cardium} and allied genera, having a heart-shaped
shell; esp., the European {Isocardia cor}; -- called also
{heart cockle}.

{Heart sickness}, extreme depression of spirits.

{Heart and soul}, with the utmost earnestness.

{Heart urchin} (Zo["o]l.), any heartshaped, spatangoid sea
urchin. See {Spatangoid}.

{Heart wheel}, a form of cam, shaped like a heart. See {Cam}.

{In good heart}, in good courage; in good hope.

{Out of heart}, discouraged.

{Poor heart}, an exclamation of pity.

{To break the heart of}.
(a) To bring to despair or hopeless grief; to cause to be
utterly cast down by sorrow.
(b) To bring almost to completion; to finish very nearly;
-- said of anything undertaken; as, he has broken the
heart of the task.

{To find in the heart}, to be willing or disposed. ``I could
find in my heart to ask your pardon.'' --Sir P. Sidney.

{To have at heart}, to desire (anything) earnestly.

{To have in the heart}, to purpose; to design or intend to

{To have the heart in the mouth}, to be much frightened.

{To lose heart}, to become discouraged.

{To lose one's heart}, to fall in love.

{To set the heart at rest}, to put one's self at ease.

{To set the heart upon}, to fix the desires on; to long for
earnestly; to be very fond of.

{To take heart of grace}, to take courage.

{To take to heart}, to grieve over.

{To wear one's heart upon one's sleeve}, to expose one's
feelings or intentions; to be frank or impulsive.

{With all one's whole heart}, very earnestly; fully;
completely; devotedly.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heart \Heart\, v. t.
To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage; to inspirit.

My cause is hearted; thine hath no less reason. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heart \Heart\, v. i.
To form a compact center or heart; as, a hearting cabbage.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: the locus of feelings and intuitions; "in your heart you
know it is true"; "her story would melt your bosom"
[syn: {bosom}]
2: the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and
between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions pump blood
through the body; "he stood still, his heart thumping
wildly" [syn: {pump}, {ticker}]
3: the courage to carry on: "he kept fighting on pure spunk";
"you haven't got the heart for baseball" [syn: {mettle}, {nerve},
4: an area that is approximately central within some larger
region; "it is in the center of town"; "they ran forward
into the heart of the struggle"; "they were in the eye of
the storm" [syn: {center}, {centre}, {middle}, {eye}]
5: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some
idea or experience: "the gist of the prosecutor's
argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party";
"the nub of the story" [syn: {kernel}, {substance}, {core},
{center}, {essence}, {gist}, {heart and soul}, {inwardness},
{marrow}, {meat}, {nub}, {pith}, {sum}, {nitty-gritty}]
6: an inclination or tendency of a certain kind; "he had a
change of heart" [syn: {spirit}]
7: a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top
and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on
playing cards and valentines; "he drew a heart and called
it a valentine"
8: a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal); "a
five-pound beef heart will serve six"
9: a positive feeling of liking; "he had trouble expressing the
affection he felt"; "the child won everyone's heart" [syn:
{affection}, {affectionateness}, {fondness}, {tenderness},
10: a playing card in the major suit of hearts; "he led the
queen of hearts"

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