Hypertext Webster Gateway: "system"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cascade system \Cascade system\ (Elec.)
A system or method of connecting and operating two induction
motors so that the primary circuit of one is connected to the
secondary circuit of the other, the primary circuit of the
latter being connected to the source of supply; also, a
system of electric traction in which motors so connected are
employed. The cascade system is also called

{tandem, or concatenated}, {system}; the connection a

{cascade, tandem, or concatenated}, {connection}, or

{a concatenation}; and the control of the motors so obtained

{tandem, or concatenation}, {control}.

Note: In the cascade system of traction the cascade
connection is used for starting and for low speeds up
to half speed. For full speed the short-circuited motor
is cut loose from the other motor and is either left
idle or (commonly) connected direct to the line.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

9. A body of persons having some common honorary distinction
or rule of obligation; esp., a body of religious persons
or aggregate of convents living under a common rule; as,
the Order of the Bath; the Franciscan order.

Find a barefoot brother out, One of our order, to
associate me. --Shak.

The venerable order of the Knights Templars. --Sir
W. Scott.

10. An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or
bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often
used in the plural; as, to take orders, or to take holy
orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry.

11. (Arch.) The disposition of a column and its component
parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in
classical architecture; hence (as the column and
entablature are the characteristic features of classical
architecture) a style or manner of architectural

Note: The Greeks used three different orders, easy to
distinguish, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Romans
added the Tuscan, and changed the Doric so that it is
hardly recognizable, and also used a modified
Corinthian called Composite. The Renaissance writers on
architecture recognized five orders as orthodox or
classical, -- Doric (the Roman sort), Ionic, Tuscan,
Corinthian, and Composite. See Illust. of {Capital}.

12. (Nat. Hist.) An assemblage of genera having certain
important characters in common; as, the Carnivora and
Insectivora are orders of Mammalia.

Note: The Linn[ae]an artificial orders of plants rested
mainly on identity in the numer of pistils, or
agreement in some one character. Natural orders are
groups of genera agreeing in the fundamental plan of
their flowers and fruit. A natural order is usually (in
botany) equivalent to a family, and may include several

13. (Rhet.) The placing of words and members in a sentence in
such a manner as to contribute to force and beauty or
clearness of expression.

14. (Math.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or
surface is the same as the degree of its equation.

{Artificial order} or {system}. See {Artificial
classification}, under {Artificial}, and Note to def. 12

{Close order} (Mil.), the arrangement of the ranks with a
distance of about half a pace between them; with a
distance of about three yards the ranks are in {open

{The four Orders}, {The Orders four}, the four orders of
mendicant friars. See {Friar}. --Chaucer.

{General orders} (Mil.), orders issued which concern the
whole command, or the troops generally, in distinction
from special orders.

{Holy orders}.
(a) (Eccl.) The different grades of the Christian
ministry; ordination to the ministry. See def. 10
(b) (R. C. Ch.) A sacrament for the purpose of conferring
a special grace on those ordained.

{In order to}, for the purpose of; to the end; as means to.

The best knowledge is that which is of greatest use
in order to our eternal happiness. --Tillotson.

{Minor orders} (R. C. Ch.), orders beneath the diaconate in
sacramental dignity, as acolyte, exorcist, reader,

{Money order}. See under {Money}.

{Natural order}. (Bot.) See def. 12, Note.

{Order book}.
(a) A merchant's book in which orders are entered.
(b) (Mil.) A book kept at headquarters, in which all
orders are recorded for the information of officers
and men.
(c) A book in the House of Commons in which proposed
orders must be entered. [Eng.]

{Order in Council}, a royal order issued with and by the
advice of the Privy Council. [Great Britain]

{Order of battle} (Mil.), the particular disposition given to
the troops of an army on the field of battle.

{Order of the day}, in legislative bodies, the special
business appointed for a specified day.

{Order of a differential equation} (Math.), the greatest
index of differentiation in the equation.

{Sailing orders} (Naut.), the final instructions given to the
commander of a ship of war before a cruise.

{Sealed orders}, orders sealed, and not to be opened until a
certain time, or arrival at a certain place, as after a
ship is at sea.

{Standing order}.
(a) A continuing regulation for the conduct of
parliamentary business.
(b) (Mil.) An order not subject to change by an officer
temporarily in command.

{To give order}, to give command or directions. --Shak.

{To take order for}, to take charge of; to make arrangements

Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. --Shak.

Syn: Arrangement; management. See {Direction}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

System \Sys"tem\, n. [L. systema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place
together; sy`n with + ? to place: cf. F. syst[`e]me. See
1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular
subordination, or after some distinct method, usually
logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related
by some common law, principle, or end; a complete
exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a
rational dependence or connection; a regular union of
principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system
of philosophy; a system of government; a system of
divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military
system; the solar system.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising
a unified whole; "a vast system of production and
distribution and consumption keep the country going"
2: instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting
artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he
bought a new stereo system"; "the unit consists of a motor
and a small computer" [syn: {unit}]
3: a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have
to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has
a complex system for indicating gender" [syn: {system of
4: a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; "they had
to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"
5: a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or
parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
6: an organized structure for arranging or classifying; "he
changed the arrangement of the topics"; "the facts were
familiar but it was in the organization of them that he
was original"; "he tried to understand their system of
classification" [syn: {arrangement}, {organization}, {organisation}]
7: (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances
in different phases are in equilibrium; "in a static
system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface"; "a
system generating hydrogen peroxide"
8: the living body considered as made up of interdependent
components forming a unified whole; "exercise helped him
get the alcohol out of his system"
9: an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical
and well organized; "his compulsive organization was not
an endearing quality"; "we can't do it unless we establish
some system around here" [syn: {organization}, {organisation}]

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