Hypertext Webster Gateway: "bad"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Keep \Keep\ (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k?pen, AS. c?pan to keep, regard, desire,
await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to
1. To care; to desire. [Obs.]

I kepe not of armes for to yelp [boast]. --Chaucer.

2. To hold; to restrain from departure or removal; not to let
go of; to retain in one's power or possession; not to
lose; to retain; to detain.

If we lose the field, We can not keep the town.

That I may know what keeps me here with you.

If we would weigh and keep in our minds what we are
considering, that would instruct us. --Locke.

3. To cause to remain in a given situation or condition; to
maintain unchanged; to hold or preserve in any state or

His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal. --Milton.

Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on.

Note: In this sense it is often used with prepositions and
adverbs, as to keep away, to keep down, to keep from,
to keep in, out, or off, etc. ``To keep off
impertinence and solicitation from his superior.''

4. To have in custody; to have in some place for
preservation; to take charge of.

The crown of Stephanus, first king of Hungary, was
always kept in the castle of Vicegrade. --Knolles.

5. To preserve from danger, harm, or loss; to guard.

Behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee. --Gen.
xxviii. 15.

6. To preserve from discovery or publicity; not to
communicate, reveal, or betray, as a secret.

Great are thy virtues . . . though kept from man.

7. To attend upon; to have the care of; to tend.

And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the
garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. --Gen.
ii. 15.

In her girlish age, she kept sheep on the moor.

8. To record transactions, accounts, or events in; as, to
keep books, a journal, etc.; also, to enter (as accounts,
records, etc. ) in a book.

9. To maintain, as an establishment, institution, or the
like; to conduct; to manage; as, to keep store.

Like a pedant that keeps a school. --Shak.

Every one of them kept house by himself. --Hayward.

10. To supply with necessaries of life; to entertain; as, to
keep boarders.

11. To have in one's service; to have and maintain, as an
assistant, a servant, a mistress, a horse, etc.

I keep but three men and a boy. --Shak.

12. To have habitually in stock for sale.

13. To continue in, as a course or mode of action; not to
intermit or fall from; to hold to; to maintain; as, to
keep silence; to keep one's word; to keep possession.

Both day and night did we keep company. --Shak.

Within this portal as I kept my watch. --Smollett.

14. To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from
or violate; to practice or perform, as duty; not to
neglect; to be faithful to.

I have kept the faith. --2 Tim. iv.

Him whom to love is to obey, and keep His great
command. --Milton.

15. To confine one's self to; not to quit; to remain in; as,
to keep one's house, room, bed, etc.; hence, to haunt; to
frequent. --Shak.

'Tis hallowed ground; Fairies, and fawns, and
satyrs do it keep. --J. Fletcher.

16. To observe duty, as a festival, etc.; to celebrate; to
solemnize; as, to keep a feast.

I went with them to the house of God . . . with a
multitude that kept holyday. --Ps. xlii. 4.

{To keep at arm's length}. See under {Arm}, n.

{To keep back}.
(a) To reserve; to withhold. ``I will keep nothing back
from you.'' --Jer. xlii. 4.
(b) To restrain; to hold back. ``Keep back thy servant
also from presumptuous sins.'' --Ps. xix. 13.

{To keep company with}.
(a) To frequent the society of; to associate with; as,
let youth keep company with the wise and good.
(b) To accompany; to go with; as, to keep company with
one on a voyage; also, to pay court to, or accept
attentions from, with a view to marriage. [Colloq.]

{To keep counsel}. See under {Counsel}, n.

{To keep down}.
(a) To hold in subjection; to restrain; to hinder.
(b) (Fine Arts) To subdue in tint or tone, as a portion
of a picture, so that the spectator's attention may
not be diverted from the more important parts of the

{To keep good} (or {bad}) {hours}, to be customarily early
(or late) in returning home or in retiring to rest. -- {To
keep house}.
(a) To occupy a separate house or establishment, as with
one's family, as distinguished from boarding; to
manage domestic affairs.
(b) (Eng. Bankrupt Law) To seclude one's self in one's
house in order to evade the demands of creditors. --
{To keep one's hand in}, to keep in practice. -- {To keep
open house}, to be hospitable. -- {To keep the peace} (Law),
to avoid or to prevent a breach of the peace. -- {To keep
school}, to govern, manage and instruct or teach a school, as
a preceptor. -- {To keep a stiff upper lip}, to keep up
one's courage. [Slang] -- {To keep term}.
(a) (Eng. Universities) To reside during a term.
(b) (Inns of Court) To eat a sufficient number of dinners
in hall to make the term count for the purpose of
being called to the bar. [Eng.] --Mozley & W.

{To keep touch}. See under {Touch}, n.

{To keep under}, to hold in subjection; hence, to oppress.

{To keep up}.
(a) To maintain; to prevent from falling or diminution;
as, to keep up the price of goods; to keep up one's
(b) To maintain; to continue; to prevent from ceasing.
``In joy, that which keeps up the action is the
desire to continue it.'' --Locke.

Syn: To retain; detain; reserve; preserve; hold; restrain;
maintain; sustain; support; withhold. -- To {Keep}.

Usage: {Retain}, {Preserve}. Keep is the generic term, and is
often used where retain or preserve would too much
restrict the meaning; as, to keep silence, etc. Retain
denotes that we keep or hold things, as against
influences which might deprive us of them, or reasons
which might lead us to give them up; as, to retain
vivacity in old age; to retain counsel in a lawsuit;
to retain one's servant after a reverse of fortune.
Preserve denotes that we keep a thing against agencies
which might lead to its being destroyed or broken in
upon; as, to preserve one's health; to preserve

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Weather \Weath"er\, n. [OE. weder, AS. weder; akin to OS. wedar,
OFries. weder, D. weder, we[^e]r, G. wetter, OHG. wetar,
Icel. ve[eth]r, Dan. veir, Sw. v["a]der wind, air, weather,
and perhaps to OSlav. vedro fair weather; or perhaps to Lith.
vetra storm, Russ. vieter', vietr', wind, and E. wind. Cf.
1. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or
cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or
cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena;
meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm
weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.

Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather.

Fair weather cometh out of the north. --Job xxxvii.

2. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation
of the state of the air. --Bacon.

3. Storm; tempest.

What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud My
thoughts presage! --Dryden.

4. A light rain; a shower. [Obs.] --Wyclif.

{Stress of weather}, violent winds; force of tempests.

{To make fair weather}, to flatter; to give flattering
representations. [R.]

{To make good}, or {bad}, {weather} (Naut.), to endure a gale
well or ill; -- said of a vessel. --Shak.

{Under the weather}, ill; also, financially embarrassed.
[Colloq. U. S.] --Bartlett.

{Weather box}. Same as {Weather house}, below. --Thackeray.

{Weather breeder}, a fine day which is supposed to presage
foul weather.

{Weather bureau}, a popular name for the signal service. See
{Signal service}, under {Signal}, a. [U. S.]

{Weather cloth} (Naut.), a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin
used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather
when stowed in the nettings.

{Weather door}. (Mining) See {Trapdoor}, 2.

{Weather gall}. Same as {Water gall}, 2. [Prov. Eng.]

{Weather house}, a mechanical contrivance in the form of a
house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions
by the appearance or retirement of toy images.

Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought Devised
the weather house, that useful toy! --Cowper.

{Weather molding}, or

{Weather moulding} (Arch.), a canopy or cornice over a door
or a window, to throw off the rain.

{Weather of a windmill sail}, the obliquity of the sail, or
the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution.

{Weather report}, a daily report of meteorological
observations, and of probable changes in the weather;
esp., one published by government authority.

{Weather spy}, a stargazer; one who foretells the weather.
[R.] --Donne.

{Weather strip} (Arch.), a strip of wood, rubber, or other
material, applied to an outer door or window so as to
cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or
threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bad \Bad\ (b[a^]d), imp. of {Bid}.
Bade. [Obs.] --Dryden.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bad \Bad\ (b[a^]d), a. [Compar. {Worse}; superl. {Worst}. ]
[Probably fr. AS. b[ae]ddel hermaphrodite; cf. b[ae]dling
effeminate fellow.]
Wanting good qualities, whether physical or moral; injurious,
hurtful, inconvenient, offensive, painful, unfavorable, or
defective, either physically or morally; evil; vicious;
wicked; -- the opposite of {good}; as, a bad man; bad
conduct; bad habits; bad soil; bad health; bad crop; bad

Note: Sometimes used substantively.

The strong antipathy of good to bad. --Pope.

Syn: Pernicious; deleterious; noxious; baneful; injurious;
hurtful; evil; vile; wretched; corrupt; wicked; vicious;

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bid \Bid\ (b[i^]d), v. t. [imp. {Bade} (b[a^]d), {Bid}, (Obs.)
{Bad}; p. p. {Bidden}, {Bid}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bidding}.]
[OE. bidden, prop to ask, beg, AS. biddan; akin to OS.
biddian, Icel. bi[eth]ja, OHG. bittan, G. bitten, to pray,
ask, request, and E. bead, also perh. to Gr. teiqein to
persuade, L. fidere to trust, E. faith, and bide. But this
word was early confused with OE. beden, beoden, AS.
be['o]dan, to offer, command; akin to Icel. bj[=o][eth]a,
Goth. biudan (in comp.), OHG. biotan to command, bid, G.
bieten, D. bieden, to offer, also to Gr. pynqa`nesqai to
learn by inquiry, Skr. budh to be awake, to heed, present
OSlav. bud[=e]ti to be awake, E. bode, v. The word now has
the form of OE. bidden to ask, but the meaning of OE. beden
to command, except in ``to bid beads.'' [root]30.]
1. To make an offer of; to propose. Specifically : To offer
to pay ( a certain price, as for a thing put up at
auction), or to take (a certain price, as for work to be
done under a contract).

2. To offer in words; to declare, as a wish, a greeting, a
threat, or defiance, etc.; as, to bid one welcome; to bid
good morning, farewell, etc.

Neither bid him God speed. --2. John 10.

He bids defiance to the gaping crowd. --Granrille.

3. To proclaim; to declare publicly; to make known. [Mostly
obs.] ``Our banns thrice bid !'' --Gay.

4. To order; to direct; to enjoin; to command.

That Power who bids the ocean ebb and flow. --Pope

Lord, if it be thou, bid me come unto thee. --Matt.
xiv. 28

I was bid to pick up shells. --D. Jerrold.

5. To invite; to call in; to request to come.

As many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
--Matt. xxii.

{To bid beads}, to pray with beads, as the Roman Catholics;
to distinguish each bead by a prayer. [Obs.]

{To bid defiance to}, to defy openly; to brave.

{To bid fair}, to offer a good prospect; to make fair
promise; to seem likely.

Syn: To offer; proffer; tender; propose; order; command;
direct; charge; enjoin.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: having undesirable or negative qualities; "a bad report
card"; "his sloppy appearance made a bad impression";
"a bad little boy"; "clothes in bad shape"; "a bad
cut"; "bad luck"; "the news was very bad"; "the
reviews were bad"; "the pay is bad"; "it was a bad
light for reading"; "the movie was a bad choice" [ant:
2: very intense; "a bad headache"; "in a big rage"; "had a big
(or bad) shock"; "a bad earthquake"; "a bad storm" [syn: {big}]
3: feeling physical discomfort or pain; "my throat feels bad";
"she felt bad all over"; ('tough' is occasionally used
colloquially for `bad' as in "he was feeling tough after a
restless night") [syn: {tough}]
4: (of foodstuffs) not in an edible or usable condition; "bad
meat"; "a refrigerator full of spoilt food" [syn: {spoiled},
5: not capable of being collected; "a bad (or uncollectible)
debt" [syn: {uncollectible}]
6: below average in quality or performance; "a bad chess
player"; "a bad recital"
7: (linguistics; informal) "so-called bad grammar"
8: not financially safe or secure; "a bad investment"; "high
risk investments"; "anything that promises to pay too much
can't help being risky"; "speculative business
enterprises" [syn: {insecure}, {risky}, {high-risk}, {speculative}]
9: physically unsound or diseased; "has a bad back"; "a bad
heart"; "bad teeth"; "an unsound limb"; "unsound teeth"
[syn: {unfit}, {unsound}]
10: capable of harming; "bad habits"; "bad air"; "smoking is bad
for you"
11: keenly sorry or regretful; "felt bad about letting the team
down"; "was sorry that she had treated him so badly";
"felt bad about breaking the vase" [syn: {sorry}]
12: characterized by wickedness or immorality; "led a very bad
life" [syn: {immoral}]
13: reproduced fraudulently; "like a bad penny..."; "a forged
twenty dollar bill" [syn: {forged}]
14: not working properly; "a bad telephone connection"; "a
defective appliance" [syn: {defective}]
n : that which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or
decency: "take the bad with the good" [syn: {badness}]
[ant: {good}, {good}]
adv 1: with great intensity; "the injury hurt badly"; "the
buildings were badly shaken"; (`bad' is a nonstandard
variant for `badly' as in "it hurts bad" or "we need
water bad") [syn: {badly}]
2: very much; strongly; "I wanted it badly enough to work hard
for it"; "the cables had sagged badly"; "they were badly
in need of help"; "he wants a bicycle so bad he can taste
it" [syn: {badly}]

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