Hypertext Webster Gateway: "standard"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Sheth \Sheth\, n.
The part of a plow which projects downward beneath the beam,
for holding the share and other working parts; -- also called
{standard}, or {post}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Standard \Stand"ard\, n. [OF. estendart, F. ['e]tendard,
probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but
influenced by E. stand. See {Extend}.]
1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other

His armies, in the following day, On those fair
plains their standards proud display. --Fairfax.

2. That which is established by authority as a rule for the
measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the
original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by
government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.

3. That which is established as a rule or model by authority,
custom, or general consent; criterion; test.

The court, which used to be the standard of property
and correctness of speech. --Swift.

A disposition to preserve, and an ability to
improve, taken together, would be my standard of a
statesman. --Burke.

4. (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and
alloy established by authority.

By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two
shillings is coined out of one pound weight of
silver. --Arbuthnot.

5. (Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem,
and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller
species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.

In France part of their gardens is laid out for
flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some
against walls. --Sir W.

6. (Bot.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous

7. (Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of
a scaffold; any upright in framing.

8. (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the
deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch
turned upward from that which lies horizontally.

9. The sheth of a plow.

10. A large drinking cup. --Greene.

{Standard bearer}, an officer of an army, company, or troop,
who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeantor
color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as,
the standard bearer of a political party.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Standard \Stand"ard\, a.
1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for
comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard
weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical
terms; standard gold or silver.

2. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as,
standard works in history; standard authors.

3. (Hort.)
(a) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard
fruit trees.
(b) Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.

{Standard candle}, {Standard gauge}. See under {Candle}, and

{Standard solution}. (Chem.) See {Standardized solution},
under {Solution}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or
value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted
kind; "windows of standard width"; "standard sizes";
"the standard fixtures"; "standard brands"; "standard
operating procedure" [ant: {nonstandard}]
2: commonly used or supplied; "standard procedure"; "standard
car equipment"
3: established or widely recognized as a model of authority or
excellence; "a standard reference work" [ant: {nonstandard}]
4: (linguistics) conforming to the established language usage
of educated native speakers; "standard English"
(American); "received standard English is sometimes called
the King's English" (British) [syn: {received}] [ant: {nonstandard}]
5: regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a
stock item" [syn: {stock}]
n 1: a basis for comparison; a reference point against which
other things can be evaluated; "they set the measure for
all subsequent work" [syn: {criterion}, {measure}, {touchstone}]
2: the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; "they
live by the standards of their community" [syn: {criterion}]
3: a board measure = 1980 board feet
4: the value behind the money in a monetary system [syn: {monetary
5: an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support);
"distance was marked by standards every mile"; "lamps
supported on standards provided illumination"
6: any distinctive flag

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