Hypertext Webster Gateway: "part"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Part \Part\, n. [F. part, L. pars, gen. partis; cf. parere to
bring forth, produce. Cf. {Parent}, {Depart}, {Parcel},
{Partner}, {Party}, {Portion}.]
1. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything
is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a
whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as
going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity,
mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a
fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.

And kept back part of the price, . . . and brought a
certain part and laid it at the apostles'feet.
--Acts v. 2.

Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not
contain a secret relation of the parts ? --Locke.

I am a part of all that I have met. --Tennyson.

2. Hence, specifically:
(a) An equal constituent portion; one of several or many
like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is
divided, or of which it is composed; proportional
division or ingredient.

An homer is the tenth part of an ephah. --Ex.
xvi. 36.

A thought which, quartered, hath but one part
wisdom, And ever three parts coward. --Shak.
(b) A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole;
a member; an organ; an essential element.

All the parts were formed . . . into one
harmonious body. --Locke.

The pulse, the glow of every part. --Keble.
(c) A constituent of character or capacity; quality;
faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a
collective sense. ``Men of considerable parts.''
--Burke. ``Great quickness of parts.'' --Macaulay.

Which maintained so politic a state of evil,
that they will not admit any good part to
intermingle with them. --Shak.
(d) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural.
``The uttermost part of the heaven.'' --Neh. i. 9.

All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and
fears. --Dryden.
(e) (Math.) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a
certain number of times, will exactly make that
quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of
multiple. Also, a line or other element of a
geometrical figure.

3. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or
which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share;
portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.

We have no part in David. --2 Sam. xx.

Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part; Do thou
but thine. --Milton.

Let me bear My part of danger with an equal share.

4. Hence, specifically:
(a) One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or
a controversy; a faction.

For he that is not against us is on our part.
--Mark ix. 40.

Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part.
(b) A particular character in a drama or a play; an
assumed personification; also, the language, actions,
and influence of a character or an actor in a play;
or, figuratively, in real life. See {To act a part},
under {Act}.

That part Was aptly fitted and naturally
performed. --Shak.

It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a
calf. --Shak.

Honor and shame from no condition rise; Act well
your part, there all the honor lies. --Pope.
(c) (Mus.) One of the different melodies of a concerted
composition, which heard in union compose its harmony;
also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the
treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.

{For my part}, so far as concerns me; for my share.

{For the most part}. See under {Most}, a.

{In good part}, as well done; favorably; acceptably; in a
friendly manner. --Hooker.

{In ill part}, unfavorably; with displeasure.

{In part}, in some degree; partly.

{Part and parcel}, an essential or constituent portion; -- a
reduplicative phrase. Cf. {might and main}, {kith and
kin}, etc. ``She was . . . part and parcel of the race and
place.'' --Howitt.

{Part of speech} (Gram.), a sort or class of words of a
particular character; thus, the noun is a part of speech
denoting the name of a thing; the verb is a part of speech
which asserts something of the subject of a sentence.

{Part owner} (Law), one of several owners or tenants in
common. See {Joint tenant}, under {Joint}.

{Part singing}, singing in which two or more of the harmonic
parts are taken.

{Part song}, a song in two or more (commonly four) distinct
vocal parts. ``A part song differs from a madrigal in its
exclusion of contrapuntual devices; from a glee, in its
being sung by many voices, instead of by one only, to each
part.'' --Stainer & Barrett.

Syn: Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment; piece;
share; constituent. See {Portion}, and {Section}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Part \Part\, adv.
Partly; in a measure. [R.] --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Part \Part\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Parted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Parting}.] [F. partir, L. partire, partiri, p. p. partitus,
fr. pars, gen. partis, a part. See {Part}, n.]
1. To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into
two or more parts or pieces; to sever. ``Thou shalt part
it in pieces.'' --Lev. ii. 6.

There, [celestial love] parted into rainbow hues.

2. To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot;
to apportion; to share.

To part his throne, and share his heaven with thee.

They parted my raiment among them. --John xix.

3. To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove
from contact or contiguity; to sunder.

The Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but
death part thee and me. --Ruth i. 17.

While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and
carried up into heaven. --Luke xxiv.

The narrow seas that part The French and English.

4. Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene
betwixt, as combatants.

The stumbling night did part our weary powers.

5. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or
secretion; as, to part gold from silver.

The liver minds his own affair, . . . And parts and
strains the vital juices. --Prior.

6. To leave; to quit. [Obs.]

Since presently your souls must part your bodies.

{To part a cable} (Naut.), to break it.

{To part company}, to separate, as travelers or companions.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Part \Part\, v. i.
1. To be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to
become separated; to go asunder; as, rope parts; his hair
parts in the middle.

2. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to quit each other;
hence, to die; -- often with from.

He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted.

He owned that he had parted from the duke only a few
hours before. --Macaulay.

His precious bag, which he would by no means part
from. --G. Eliot.

3. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish a connection
of any kind; -- followed by with or from.

Celia, for thy sake, I part With all that grew so
near my heart. --Waller.

Powerful hands . . . will not part Easily from
possession won with arms. --Milton.

It was strange to him that a father should feel no
tenderness at parting with an only son. --A.

4. To have a part or share; to partake. [Obs.] ``They shall
part alike.'' --1 Sam. xxx. 24.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : relating to only part of a whole; "part owner" [syn: {part(a)}]
n 1: something determined in relation to something that includes
it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than
himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the
smaller component is hard to reach" [syn: {portion}, {component
part}, {component}]
2: the extended spatial location of something; "the farming
regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world";
"regions of outer space" [syn: {region}]
3: so far as concerns the actor specified; "it requires
vigilance on our part" or "they resisted every effort on
his part"
4: something less than the whole of a human artifact: "the rear
part of the house"; "glue the two parts together" [syn: {portion}]
5: one of the portions into which something is regarded as
divided and which together constitute a whole: "the
written part of the exam"; "the finance section of the
company"; "the BBC's engineering division" [syn: {section},
6: the actions and activities assigned to or required or
expected of a person or group: "the function of a
teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its
role" [syn: {function}, {office}, {role}]
7: a portion of a natural object; "they analyzed the river into
three parts"; "he needed a piece of granite" [syn: {piece}]
8: an actor's portrayal of someone in a play; "she played the
part of Desdemona" [syn: {character}, {role}, {theatrical
role}, {persona}]
9: assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an
individual person or group; "he wanted his share in cash"
[syn: {share}, {portion}, {percentage}]
10: any one of a number of individual efforts in a common
endeavor: "I am proud of my contribution to the team's
success"; "they all did their share of the work" [syn: {contribution},
11: the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in
polyphonic music; "he tried to sing the tenor part" [syn:
12: a line where the hair is parted; "his part was right in the
adv : in part; in some degree; not wholly; "I felt partly to
blame"; "He was partially paralyzed" [syn: {partly}, {partially}]
[ant: {wholly}]
v 1: go one's own away; move apart; "The friends separated after
the party" [syn: {separate}, {split}]
2: discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
"The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The
couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend
and I split up" [syn: {separate}, {split up}, {split}, {break},
{break up}]
3: leave; "The family took off for Florida" [syn: {depart}, {start},
{start out}, {set forth}, {set off}, {set out}, {take off}]
4: come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated"
[syn: {separate}, {divide}]
5: force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting
children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea" [syn: {separate}, {disunite},

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