Hypertext Webster Gateway: "set"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\ (s[e^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Set}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Setting}.] [OE. setten, AS. setton; akin to OS. settian,
OFries. setta, D. zetten, OHG. sezzen, G. setzen, Icel.
setja, Sw. s["a]tta, Dan. s?tte, Goth. satjan; causative from
the root of E. sit. [root]154. See {Sit}, and cf. {Seize}.]
1. To cause to sit; to make to assume a specified position or
attitude; to give site or place to; to place; to put; to
fix; as, to set a house on a stone foundation; to set a
book on a shelf; to set a dish on a table; to set a chest
or trunk on its bottom or on end.

I do set my bow in the cloud. --Gen. ix. 13.

2. Hence, to attach or affix (something) to something else,
or in or upon a certain place.

Set your affection on things above. --Col. iii. 2.

The Lord set a mark upon Cain. --Gen. iv. 15.

3. To make to assume specified place, condition, or
occupation; to put in a certain condition or state
(described by the accompanying words); to cause to be.

The Lord thy God will set thee on high. --Deut.
xxviii. 1.

I am come to set a man at variance against his
father, and the daughter against her mother. --Matt.
x. 35.

Every incident sets him thinking. --Coleridge.

4. To fix firmly; to make fast, permanent, or stable; to
render motionless; to give an unchanging place, form, or
condition to. Specifically:
(a) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a
spot; hence, to occasion difficulty to; to embarrass;
as, to set a coach in the mud.

They show how hard they are set in this
particular. --Addison.
(b) To fix beforehand; to determine; hence, to make
unyielding or obstinate; to render stiff, unpliant, or
rigid; as, to set one's countenance.

His eyes were set by reason of his age. --1
Kings xiv. 4.

On these three objects his heart was set.

Make my heart as a millstone, set my face as a
flint. --Tennyson.
(c) To fix in the ground, as a post or a tree; to plant;
as, to set pear trees in an orchard.
(d) To fix, as a precious stone, in a border of metal; to
place in a setting; hence, to place in or amid
something which serves as a setting; as, to set glass
in a sash.

And him too rich a jewel to be set In vulgar
metal for a vulgar use. --Dryden.
(e) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into
curd; to curdle; as, to set milk for cheese.

5. To put into a desired position or condition; to adjust; to
regulate; to adapt. Specifically:

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\ (s[e^]t), v. i.
1. To pass below the horizon; to go down; to decline; to sink
out of sight; to come to an end.

Ere the weary sun set in the west. --Shak.

Thus this century sets with little mirth, and the
next is likely to arise with more mourning.

2. To fit music to words. [Obs.] --Shak.

3. To place plants or shoots in the ground; to plant. ``To
sow dry, and set wet.'' --Old Proverb.

4. To be fixed for growth; to strike root; to begin to
germinate or form; as, cuttings set well; the fruit has
set well (i. e., not blasted in the blossom).

5. To become fixed or rigid; to be fastened.

A gathering and serring of the spirits together to
resist, maketh the teeth to set hard one against
another. --Bacon.

6. To congeal; to concrete; to solidify.

That fluid substance in a few minutes begins to set.

7. To have a certain direction in motion; to flow; to move
on; to tend; as, the current sets to the north; the tide
sets to the windward.

8. To begin to move; to go out or forth; to start; -- now
followed by out.

The king is set from London. --Shak.

9. To indicate the position of game; -- said of a dog; as,
the dog sets well; also, to hunt game by the aid of a

10. To apply one's self; to undertake earnestly; -- now
followed by out.

If he sets industriously and sincerely to perform
the commands of Christ, he can have no ground of
doubting but it shall prove successful to him.

11. To fit or suit one; to sit; as, the coat sets well.

Note: [Colloquially used, but improperly, for sit.]

Note: The use of the verb set for sit in such expressions as,
the hen is setting on thirteen eggs; a setting hen,
etc., although colloquially common, and sometimes
tolerated in serious writing, is not to be approved.

{To set about}, to commence; to begin.

{To set forward}, to move or march; to begin to march; to

{To set forth}, to begin a journey.

{To set in}.
(a) To begin; to enter upon a particular state; as,
winter set in early.
(b) To settle one's self; to become established. ``When
the weather was set in to be very bad.'' --Addison.
(c) To flow toward the shore; -- said of the tide.

{To set off}.
(a) To enter upon a journey; to start.
(b) (Typog.) To deface or soil the next sheet; -- said of
the ink on a freshly printed sheet, when another
sheet comes in contact with it before it has had time
to dry.

{To set on} or {upon}.
(a) To begin, as a journey or enterprise; to set about.

He that would seriously set upon the search of
truth. --Locke.
(b) To assault; to make an attack. --Bacon.

Cassio hath here been set on in the dark.

{To set out}, to begin a journey or course; as, to set out
for London, or from London; to set out in business;to set
out in life or the world.

{To set to}, to apply one's self to.

{To set up}.
(a) To begin business or a scheme of life; as, to set up
in trade; to set up for one's self.
(b) To profess openly; to make pretensions.

Those men who set up for mortality without
regard to religion, are generally but virtuous
in part. --Swift.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\, a.
1. Fixed in position; immovable; rigid; as, a set line; a set

2. Firm; unchanging; obstinate; as, set opinions or

3. Regular; uniform; formal; as, a set discourse; a set
battle. ``The set phrase of peace.'' --Shak.

4. Established; prescribed; as, set forms of prayer.

5. Adjusted; arranged; formed; adapted.

{Set hammer}.
(a) A hammer the head of which is not tightly fastened
upon the handle, but may be reversed. --Knight.
(b) A hammer with a concave face which forms a die for
shaping anything, as the end of a bolt, rivet, etc.

{Set line}, a line to which a number of baited hooks are
attached, and which, supported by floats and properly
secured, may be left unguarded during the absence of the

{Set nut}, a jam nut or lock nut. See under {Nut}.

{Set screw} (Mach.), a screw, sometimes cupped or printed at
one end, and screwed through one part, as of a machine,
tightly upon another part, to prevent the one from
slipping upon the other.

{Set speech}, a speech carefully prepared before it is
delivered in public; a formal or methodical speech.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\, n.
1. The act of setting, as of the sun or other heavenly body;
descent; hence, the close; termination. ``Locking at the
set of day.'' --Tennyson.

The weary sun hath made a golden set. --Shak.

2. That which is set, placed, or fixed. Specifically:
(a) A young plant for growth; as, a set of white thorn.
(b) That which is staked; a wager; a venture; a stake;
hence, a game at venture. [Obs. or R.]

We will in France, by God's grace, play a set
Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard.

That was but civil war, an equal set. --Dryden.
(c) (Mech.) Permanent change of figure in consequence of
excessive strain, as from compression, tension,
bending, twisting, etc.; as, the set of a spring.
(d) A kind of punch used for bending, indenting, or giving
shape to, metal; as, a saw set.
(e) (Pile Driving) A piece placed temporarily upon the
head of a pile when the latter cannot be reached by
the weight, or hammer, except by means of such an
intervening piece. [Often incorrectly written {sett}.]
(f) (Carp.) A short steel spike used for driving the head
of a nail below the surface.

3. [Perhaps due to confusion with sect, sept.] A number of
things of the same kind, ordinarily used or classed
together; a collection of articles which naturally
complement each other, and usually go together; an
assortment; a suit; as, a set of chairs, of china, of
surgical or mathematical instruments, of books, etc. [In
this sense, sometimes incorrectly written {sett}.]

4. A number of persons associated by custom, office, common
opinion, quality, or the like; a division; a group; a
clique. ``Others of our set.'' --Tennyson.

This falls into different divisions, or sets, of
nations connected under particular religions. --R.
P. Ward.

5. Direction or course; as, the set of the wind, or of a

6. In dancing, the number of persons necessary to execute a
quadrille; also, the series of figures or movements

7. The deflection of a tooth, or of the teeth, of a saw,
which causes the the saw to cut a kerf, or make an
opening, wider than the blade.

(a) A young oyster when first attached.
(b) Collectively, the crop of young oysters in any

9. (Tennis) A series of as many games as may be necessary to
enable one side to win six. If at the end of the tenth
game the score is a tie, the set is usually called a deuce
set, and decided by an application of the rules for
playing off deuce in a game. See {Deuce}.

10. (Type Founding) That dimension of the body of a type
called by printers the width.

{Dead set}.
(a) The act of a setter dog when it discovers the game,
and remains intently fixed in pointing it out.
(b) A fixed or stationary condition arising from obstacle
or hindrance; a deadlock; as, to be at a dead set.
(c) A concerted scheme to defraud by gaming; a determined

{To make a dead set}, to make a determined onset, literally
or figuratively.

Syn: Collection; series; group. See {Pair}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Set \Set\, n.
1. (Textiles) Any of various standards of measurement of the
fineness of cloth; specif., the number of reeds in one
inch and the number of threads in each reed. The exact
meaning varies according to the location where it is used.
Sometimes written {sett}.

2. A stone, commonly of granite, shaped like a short brick
and usually somewhat larger than one, used for street
paving. Commonly written {sett}.

3. Camber of a curved roofing tile.

4. The manner, state, or quality of setting or fitting; fit;
as, the set of a coat. [Colloq.]

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: (usually followed by `to' or `for') on the point of or
strongly disposed; "in no fit state to continue"; "fit
to drop"; "laughing fit to burst"; "she was fit to
scream"; "primed for a fight"; "we are set to go at
any time" [syn: {fit(p)}, {primed(p)}, {set(p)}]
2: fixed and unmoving; "with eyes set in a fixed glassy stare";
"his bearded face already has a set hollow look"- Connor
Cruise O'Brien; "a face rigid with pain" [syn: {fixed}, {rigid}]
3: situated in a particular spot or position; "valuable
centrally located urban land"; "strategically placed
artillery"; "a house set on a hilltop"; "nicely situated
on a quiet riverbank" [syn: {located}, {placed}, {situated}]
4: set down according to a plan:"a carefully laid table with
places set for four people"; "stones laid in a pattern"
[syn: {laid}]
5: being below the horizon; "the moon is set" [syn: {set(p)}]
6: determined or decided upon as by an authority; "date and
place are already determined"; "the dictated terms of
surrender"; "the time set for the launching" [syn: {determined},
7: converted to solid form (as concrete) [syn: {hardened}]
n 1: a group of things of the same kind that belong together and
are so used: "a set of books"; "a set of golf clubs"; "a
set of teeth"
2: (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols;
"the set of prime numbers is infinite"
3: several exercises intended to be done in series; "he did
four sets of the incline bench press" [syn: {exercise set}]
4: representation consisting of the scenery and other
properties used to identify the location of a dramatic
production; "the sets were meticulously authentic" [syn: {stage
5: an unofficial association of people or groups; "the smart
set goes there"; "they were an angry lot" [syn: {circle},
{band}, {lot}]
6: a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular
way; "the set of his mind was obvious" [syn: {bent}]
7: the act of putting something in position; "he gave a final
set to his hat"
8: a unit of play in tennis or squash; "they played two sets of
tennis after dinner"
9: the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying
or crystallization; "the hardening of concrete"; "he
tested the set of the glue" [syn: {hardening}, {solidifying},
10: evil beast-headed god with high square ears and a long
snout; brother and murderer of Osiris [syn: {Set}, {Seth}]
11: the descent of a heavenly body below the horizon; "before
the set of sun"
12: (psychology) a temporary readiness to respond in a
particular way; "the subjects' set led them to solve
problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler
solution"; "his instructions deliberately gave them the
wrong set" [syn: {readiness}]
13: any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or
tv signals; "the early sets ran on storage batteries"
v 1: put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your
things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the
scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a
certain point" [syn: {put}, {place}, {pose}, {position},
2: fix conclusively or authoritatively; "set the rules" [syn: {determine}]
3: decide upon, as of variables in math [syn: {specify}, {determine},
4: establish as the highest level or best performance: "set a
record" [syn: {mark}]
5: put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state;
"set the house afire"
6: fix in a border, as of precious stones
7: make ready or suitable in advance for a particular purpose
or for some use, event, etc; "Get the children ready for
school!"; "prepare for war" [syn: {prepare}, {set up}, {ready},
{gear up}]
8: set to a certain position; "set clocks or instruments"
9: locate; "The film is set in Africa" [syn: {localize}, {localise},
10: disappear beyond the horizon; of celestial bodies such as
the sun and the moon [syn: {go down}, {go under}] [ant: {rise}]
11: adapt for performance in a different way; "set this poem to
music" [syn: {arrange}]
12: put or set (seeds or seedlings) into the ground; "Let's
plant flowers in the garden" [syn: {plant}]
13: apply or start; "set fire to a building"
14: become gelatinous; "the liquid jelled after we added the
enzyme" [syn: {jell}, {congeal}]
15: put into a position that will restore a normal state; "set a
broken bone"
16: insert (a nail or screw below the surface, as into a
countersink) [syn: {countersink}]
17: give a fine, sharp edge to a knife or razor
18: urge a dog to attack someone [syn: {sic}]
19: estimate: "We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M." [syn: {place},
20: equip with sails, masts, etc.; of ships [syn: {rig}, {set up}]
21: get ready for a particular purpose or event; "set up an
experiment"; "set the table"; "lay out the tools for the
surgery" [syn: {set up}, {lay out}]
22: alter slightly, esp. to achieve accuracy; regulate; "Adjust
the clock, please" [syn: {adjust}]
23: bear fruit, of plants [syn: {fructify}]
24: arrange attractively; "dress my hair for the wedding" [syn:
{dress}, {arrange}, {do}, {coif}, {coiffe}, {coiffure}]

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