Hypertext Webster Gateway: "fast"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

The sole fast required by the law of Moses was that of the great
Day of Atonement (q.v.), Lev. 23:26-32. It is called "the fast"
(Acts 27:9).

The only other mention of a periodical fast in the Old
Testament is in Zech. 7:1-7; 8:19, from which it appears that
during their captivity the Jews observed four annual fasts.

(1.) The fast of the fourth month, kept on the seventeenth day
of Tammuz, the anniversary of the capture of Jerusalem by the
Chaldeans; to commemorate also the incident recorded Ex. 32:19.
(Comp. Jer. 52:6, 7.)

(2.) The fast of the fifth month, kept on the ninth of Ab
(comp. Num. 14:27), to commemorate the burning of the city and
temple (Jer. 52:12, 13).

(3.) The fast of the seventh month, kept on the third of Tisri
(comp. 2 Kings 25), the anniversary of the murder of Gedaliah
(Jer. 41:1, 2).

(4.) The fast of the tenth month (comp. Jer. 52:4; Ezek.
33:21; 2 Kings 25:1), to commemorate the beginning of the siege
of the holy city by Nebuchadnezzar.

There was in addition to these the fast appointed by Esther

Public national fasts on account of sin or to supplicate
divine favour were sometimes held. (1.) 1 Sam. 7:6; (2.) 2 Chr.
20:3; (3.) Jer. 36:6-10; (4.) Neh. 9:1.

There were also local fasts. (1.) Judg. 20:26; (2.) 2 Sam.
1:12; (3.) 1 Sam. 31:13; (4.) 1 Kings 21:9-12; (5.) Ezra
8:21-23: (6.) Jonah 3:5-9.

There are many instances of private occasional fasting (1 Sam.
1:7: 20:34; 2 Sam. 3:35; 12:16; 1 Kings 21:27; Ezra 10:6; Neh.
1:4; Dan. 10:2,3). Moses fasted forty days (Ex. 24:18; 34:28),
and so also did Elijah (1 Kings 19:8). Our Lord fasted forty
days in the wilderness (Matt. 4:2).

In the lapse of time the practice of fasting was lamentably
abused (Isa. 58:4; Jer. 14:12; Zech. 7:5). Our Lord rebuked the
Pharisees for their hypocritical pretences in fasting (Matt.
6:16). He himself appointed no fast. The early Christians,
however, observed the ordinary fasts according to the law of
their fathers (Acts 13:3; 14:23; 2 Cor. 6:5).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, a.
In such a condition, as to resilience, etc., as to make
possible unusual rapidity of play or action; as, a fast
racket, or tennis court; a fast track; a fast billiard table,

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Fasted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Fasting}.] [AS. f[ae]stan; akin to D. vasten, OHG.
fast[=e]n, G. fasten, Icel. & Sw. fasta, Dan. faste, Goth.
fastan to keep, observe, fast, and prob. to E. fast firm.]
1. To abstain from food; to omit to take nourishment in whole
or in part; to go hungry.

Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting waked.

2. To practice abstinence as a religious exercise or duty; to
abstain from food voluntarily for a time, for the
mortification of the body or appetites, or as a token of
grief, or humiliation and penitence.

Thou didst fast and weep for the child. --2 Sam.
xii. 21.

{Fasting day}, a fast day; a day of fasting.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, adv. [OE. faste firmly, strongly, quickly, AS.
f[ae]ste. See {Fast}, a.]
1. In a fast, fixed, or firmly established manner; fixedly;
firmly; immovably.

We will bind thee fast. --Judg. xv.

2. In a fast or rapid manner; quickly; swiftly;
extravagantly; wildly; as, to run fast; to live fast.

{Fast by}, or {Fast beside}, close or near to; near at hand.

He, after Eve seduced, unminded slunk Into the wood
fast by. --Milton.

Fast by the throne obsequious Fame resides. --Pope.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, n. [OE. faste, fast; cf. AS. f[ae]sten, OHG. fasta,
G. faste. See {Fast}, v. i.]
1. Abstinence from food; omission to take nourishment.

Surfeit is the father of much fast. --Shak.

2. Voluntary abstinence from food, for a space of time, as a
spiritual discipline, or as a token of religious

3. A time of fasting, whether a day, week, or longer time; a
period of abstinence from food or certain kinds of food;
as, an annual fast.

{Fast day}, a day appointed for fasting, humiliation, and
religious offices as a means of invoking the favor of God.

{To break one's fast}, to put an end to a period of
abstinence by taking food; especially, to take one's
morning meal; to breakfast. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, a. [Compar. {Faster}; superl. {Fastest}.] [OE.,
firm, strong, not loose, AS. f?st; akin to OS. fast, D. vast,
OHG. fasti, festi, G. fest, Icel. fastr, Sw. & Dan. fast, and
perh. to E. fetter. The sense swift comes from the idea of
keeping close to what is pursued; a Scandinavian use. Cf.
{Fast}, adv., {Fast}, v., {Avast}.]
1. Firmly fixed; closely adhering; made firm; not loose,
unstable, or easily moved; immovable; as, to make fast the

There is an order that keeps things fast. --Burke.

2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art;
impregnable; strong.

Outlaws . . . lurking in woods and fast places.

3. Firm in adherence; steadfast; not easily separated or
alienated; faithful; as, a fast friend.

4. Permanent; not liable to fade by exposure to air or by
washing; durable; lasting; as, fast colors.

5. Tenacious; retentive. [Obs.]

Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their
smells. --Bacon.

6. Not easily disturbed or broken; deep; sound.

All this while in a most fast sleep. --Shak.

7. Moving rapidly; quick in mition; rapid; swift; as, a fast

8. Given to pleasure seeking; disregardful of restraint;
reckless; wild; dissipated; dissolute; as, a fast man; a
fast liver. --Thackeray.

{Fast and loose}, now cohering, now disjoined; inconstant,
esp. in the phrases to play at fast and loose, to play
fast and loose, to act with giddy or reckless inconstancy
or in a tricky manner; to say one thing and do another.
``Play fast and loose with faith.'' --Shak.

{Fast and loose pulleys} (Mach.), two pulleys placed side by
side on a revolving shaft, which is driven from another
shaft by a band, and arranged to disengage and re["e]ngage
the machinery driven thereby. When the machinery is to be
stopped, the band is transferred from the pulley fixed to
the shaft to the pulley which revolves freely upon it, and
vice versa.

{Hard and fast} (Naut.), so completely aground as to be

{To make fast} (Naut.), to make secure; to fasten firmly, as
a vessel, a rope, or a door.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, n.
That which fastens or holds; especially, (Naut.) a mooring
rope, hawser, or chain; -- called, according to its position,
a bow, head, quarter, breast, or stern fast; also, a post on
a pier around which hawsers are passed in mooring.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fast \Fast\, n. [OF. fust, F. f?t, fr. L. fustis stick staff.]
The shaft of a column, or trunk of pilaster. --Gwilt.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;
"fast film"; "on the fast track in school"; "set a
fast pace"; "a fast car" [ant: {slow}]
2: (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later
than the correct time; "my watch is fast" [ant: {slow}]
3: (music) at a rapid tempo; "the band played a fast fox trot"
[ant: {slow}]
4: (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; "a fast road";
"grass courts are faster than clay"
5: firmly fastened or secured against opening; "windows and
doors were all fast"; "a locked closet"; "left the house
properly secured" [syn: {barred}, {bolted}, {latched}, {locked},
6: unrestrained by convention or morality; "Congreve draws a
debauched aristocratic society"; "deplorably dissipated
and degraded"; "riotous living"; "fast women" [syn: {debauched},
{degenerate}, {degraded}, {dissipated}, {dissolute}, {libertine},
{profligate}, {riotous}]
7: hurried and brief; "paid a flying visit"; "took a flying
glance at the book"; "a quick inspection"; "a fast visit"
[syn: {flying}, {quick}]
8: securely fixed in place; "the post was still firm after
being hit by the car" [syn: {firm}, {immobile}]
9: unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause; "a firm
ally"; "loyal supporters"; "the true-hearted soldier...of
Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison;
"fast friends" [syn: {firm}, {loyal}, {truehearted}, {fast(a)}]
10: permanently dyed; "fast colors"; "colorfast fabrics" [syn: {colorfast}]
n : abstaining from food [syn: {fasting}]
adv 1: quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form); "how
fast can he get here?"; "ran as fast as he could";
"needs medical help fast"; "fast-running rivers";
"fast-breaking news"; "fast-opening (or fast-closing)
2: firmly or tightly; "held fast to the rope"; "her foot was
stuck fast"; "held tight" [syn: {tight}]
v 1: abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical
reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
2: abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must

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