Hypertext Webster Gateway: "air"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

the atmosphere, as opposed to the higher regions of the sky (1
Thess. 4:17; Rev. 9:2; 16:17). This word occurs once as the
rendering of the Hebrew _ruah_ (Job 41:16); elsewhere it is the
rendering of _shamaiyim_, usually translated "heavens."

The expression "to speak into the air" (1 Cor. 14:9) is a
proverb denoting to speak in vain, as to "beat the air" (1 Cor.
9:26) denotes to labour in vain.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Air \Air\ ([^a]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Aired} ([^a]rd); p. pr.
& vb. n. {Airing}.] [See {Air}, n., and cf. {A[eum]rate}.]
1. To expose to the air for the purpose of cooling,
refreshing, or purifying; to ventilate; as, to air a room.

It were good wisdom . . . that the jail were aired.

Were you but riding forth to air yourself. --Shak.

2. To expose for the sake of public notice; to display
ostentatiously; as, to air one's opinion.

Airing a snowy hand and signet gem. --Tennyson.

3. To expose to heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness,
or of warming; as, to air linen; to air liquors.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Air \Air\ ([^a]r), n. [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a["e]r, fr. Gr.
'ah`r, air, mist, for 'a[digamma]hr, fr. root 'a[digamma] to
blow, breathe, probably akin to E. wind. In sense 10 the
French has taking a meaning fr. It. aria atmosphere, air, fr.
the same Latin word; and in senses 11, 12, 13 the French
meaning is either fr. L. aria, or due to confusion with F.
aire, in an older sense of origin, descent. Cf. {A["e]ry},
{Debonair}, {Malaria}, {Wind}.]
1. The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth;
the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid,
transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable.

Note: By the ancient philosophers, air was regarded as an
element; but modern science has shown that it is
essentially a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, with a
small amount of carbon dioxide, the average proportions
being, by volume: oxygen, 20.96 per cent.; nitrogen,
79.00 per cent.; carbon dioxide, 0.04 per cent. These
proportions are subject to a very slight variability.
Air also always contains some vapor of water.

2. Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile.
``Charm ache with air.'' --Shak.

He was still all air and fire. [Air and fire being
the finer and quicker elements as opposed to earth and
water.] --Macaulay

3. A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat,
cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as,
a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.

4. Any a["e]riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly
called vital air. [Obs.]

5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.

Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play.

6. Odoriferous or contaminated air.

7. That which surrounds and influences.

The keen, the wholesome air of poverty.

8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.

You gave it air before me. --Dryden.

9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.] --Bacon.

10. (Mus.)
(a) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in
consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical
and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single
voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to
plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody;
a tune; an aria.
(b) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc.,
the part which bears the tune or melody -- in modern
harmony usually the upper part -- is sometimes called
the air.

11. The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person;
mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a
lofty air. ``His very air.'' --Shak.

12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance;
manner; style.

It was communicated with the air of a secret.

12. pl. An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or
vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts
on airs. --Thackeray.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air;
"air war"; "air safety"; "air travel" [syn: {air(a)}]
[ant: {land(a)}, {sea(a)}]
n 1: a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for
breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of; "air
pollution"; "a smell of chemicals in the air"; "open a
window and let in some air"; "I need some fresh air"
2: travel via aircraft; "air travel involves too much waiting
in airports"; "if you've time to spare go by air" [syn: {air
travel}, {aviation}]
3: the region above the ground; "her hand stopped in mid air";
"he threw the ball into the air"
4: a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or
thing: "an air of mystery"; "the house had a neglected
air"; "an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's
headquarters"; "the place had an aura of romance" [syn: {aura},
5: medium for radio and television broadcasting; "the program
was on the air from 9 til midnight"; "the president used
the airwaves to take his message to the people" [syn: {airwave}]
6: a slight wind (usually refreshing); "the breeze was cooled
by the lake"; "as he waited he could feel the air on his
neck" [syn: {breeze}, {zephyr}, {gentle wind}]
7: a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she
was humming an air from Beethoven" [syn: {tune}, {melody},
{strain}, {melodic line}, {line}, {melodic phrase}]
8: (archaic) once thought to be one of four elements composing
the universe (Empedocles)
v 1: expose to fresh air, as of old clothing; "aerate your old
sneakers" [syn: {air out}, {aerate}]
2: be broadcast; "This show will air Saturdays at 2 P.M."
3: broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; "We
cannot air this X-rated song" [syn: {send}, {broadcast}, {beam},
4: make public; "She aired her opinions on welfare" [syn: {publicize},
{publicise}, {bare}]
5: expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry; "Air linen"
6: expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen; "air
the old winter clothes"; "air out the smoke-filled rooms"
[syn: {vent}, {ventilate}, {air out}]

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