Hypertext Webster Gateway: "subject"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Subject \Sub*ject"\, n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form
of F. sujet. See {Subject}, a.]
1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion,
control, or influence of something else.

2. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler
and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a
sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of Queen
Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United

Was never subject longed to be a king, As I do long
and wish to be a subject. --Shak.

The subject must obey his prince, because God
commands it, human laws require it. --Swift.

Note: In international law, the term subject is convertible
with citizen.

3. That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical
operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body
used for the purpose of dissection.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Subject \Sub*ject"\, a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit (in
which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under),
subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under,
subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay,
place, or bring under; sub under + jacere to throw. See {Jet}
a shooting forth.]
1. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower
situation. [Obs.] --Spenser.

2. Placed under the power of another; specifically
(International Law), owing allegiance to a particular
sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great

Esau was never subject to Jacob. --Locke.

3. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a country subject to
extreme heat; men subject to temptation.

All human things are subject to decay. --Dryden.

4. Obedient; submissive.

Put them in mind to be subject to principalities.
--Titus iii.

Syn: Liable; subordinate; inferior; obnoxious; exposed. See

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Subject \Sub*ject"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Subjected}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Subjecting}.]
1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make
subject; to subordinate; to subdue.

Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification
of sense to the rule of right reason. --C.

In one short view subjected to our eye, Gods,
emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie. --Pope.

He is the most subjected, the most ?nslaved, who is
so in his understanding. --Locke.

2. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, credulity
subjects a person to impositions.

3. To submit; to make accountable.

God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to
the scrutiny of our thoughts. --Locke.

4. To make subservient.

Subjected to his service angel wings. --Milton.

5. To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white
heat; to subject a person to a rigid test.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: not exempt from tax; "the gift will be subject to taxation"
[syn: {subject(p)}]
2: being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
"subject peoples"; "a dependent prince" [syn: {dependent}]
n 1: the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he
didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very
sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme
of love" [syn: {topic}, {theme}]
2: some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept
drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the
subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the
police" [syn: {topic}, {issue}, {matter}]
3: a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his
doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their
subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings"
[syn: {discipline}, {subject area}, {subject field}, {field},
{field of study}, {study}, {bailiwick}, {branch of
4: something (a person or object or scene) selected by an
artist or photographer for graphic representation; "a
moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still
picture of the same subject" [syn: {content}, {depicted
5: a person who is subjected to experimental or other
observational procedures; someone who is an object of
investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were
selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn
from two different communities" [syn: {case}, {guinea pig}]
6: a person who owes allegiance to that nation; "a monarch has
a duty to his subjects" [syn: {national}]
7: (linguistics) one of the two main constituents of a
sentence; the grammatical constituent about which
something is predicated
8: (logic) the first term of a proposition
v 1: cause to experience or suffer: "He subjected me to his awful
poetry"; "The sergeant subjected the new recruits to
many drills"
2: make accountable for: "He did not want to subject himself to
the judgments of his superiors"
3: make vulnerable or liable to; "People in Chernobyl were
subjected to radiation"
4: make liable: "This action may subject you to certain
5: make subservient; force to submit [syn: {subjugate}]

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