Hypertext Webster Gateway: "sentence"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Sentence \Sen"tence\, n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia,
from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel,
to think. See {Sense}, n., and cf. {Sentiensi}.]
1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.]

Tales of best sentence and most solace. --Chaucer.

The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of
sentence. --Milton.

(a) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment,
especially one of an unfavorable nature.

My sentence is for open war. --Milton.

That by them [Luther's works] we may pass
sentence upon his doctrines. --Atterbury.
(b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as,
Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences.

3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court
pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical
courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or
judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal;
doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to
denote the judgment in criminal cases.

Received the sentence of the law. --Shak.

4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a
maxim; an axiom; a saw. --Broome.

5. (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as
expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the
close by a period, or full point. See {Proposition}, 4.

Note: Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence
consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, ``The
Lord reigns.'' A compound sentence contains two or more
subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse:

He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all.

{Dark sentence}, a saving not easily explained.

A king . . . understanding dark sentences. --Dan.
vii. 23.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Sentence \Sen"tence\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sentenced}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Sentencing}.]
1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to
punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.

Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. --Dryden.

2. To decree or announce as a sentence. [Obs.] --Shak.

3. To utter sententiously. [Obs.] --Feltham.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a
language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
2: a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the
punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as no
surprise" [syn: {conviction}, {judgment of conviction}]
[ant: {acquittal}]
3: the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned; "he served a
prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10
years"; "he is doing time in the county jail" [syn: {prison
term}, {time}]
v : pronounce a sentence on, in a court of law; "He was
condemned to ten years in prison" [syn: {condemn}, {doom}]

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