Hypertext Webster Gateway: "compound"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com"pound\ (k[o^]m"pound), n. [Malay kompung a
In the East Indies, an inclosure containing a house,
outbuildings, etc.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com*pound"\ (k[o^]m*pound"), v. t. [imp. & p. p.
{Compounded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Compounding}.] [OE. componen,
compounen, L. componere, compositum; com-+ ponere to put set.
The d is excrescent. See {Position}, and cf. {Compon['e]}.]
1. To form or make by combining different elements,
ingredients, or parts; as, to compound a medicine.

Incapacitating him from successfully compounding a
tale of this sort. --Sir W.

2. To put together, as elements, ingredients, or parts, in
order to form a whole; to combine, mix, or unite.

We have the power of altering and compounding those
images into all the varieties of picture. --Addison.

3. To modify or change by combination with some other thing
or part; to mingle with something else.

Only compound me with forgotten dust. --Shak.

4. To compose; to constitute. [Obs.]

His pomp and all what state compounds. --Shak.

5. To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement; to compromise;
to discharge from obligation upon terms different from
those which were stipulated; as, to compound a debt.

I pray, my lords, let me compound this strife.

{To compound a felony}, to accept of a consideration for
forbearing to prosecute, such compounding being an
indictable offense. See {Theftbote}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com"pound\, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
{Compound}, v. t.]
Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
things; composite; as, a compound word.

Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
substances. --I. Watts.

{Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication},
{division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
compound numbers.

{Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
according to regular laws of composition.

{Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,

{Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.

{Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or

{Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.

{Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.

{Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or
arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
included in his rents. [Eng.]

{Compound interest}. See {Interest}.

{Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.

{Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

{Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.

{Compound motion}. See {Motion}.

{Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a
varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
-- called also {denominate number}.

{Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.

{Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
(plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
compound quantities.

{Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.

{Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
and b:d.

{Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine

{Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
or more screws with different pitch (a differential
screw), or running in different directions (a right and
left screw).

{Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
of two measures of 3-8 time.

{Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words;
specifically, two or more words joined together by a

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com*pound"\, v. i.
To effect a composition; to come to terms of agreement; to
agree; to settle by a compromise; -- usually followed by with
before the person participating, and for before the thing
compounded or the consideration.

Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; . . . compound
with him by the year. --Shak.

They were at last glad to compound for his bare
commitment to the Tower. --Clarendon.

Cornwall compounded to furnish ten oxen after
Michaelmas for thirty pounds. --R. Carew.

Compound for sins they are inclined to By damning those
they have no mind to. --Hudibras.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com"pound\, n.
1. That which is compounded or formed by the union or mixture
of elements ingredients, or parts; a combination of
simples; a compound word; the result of composition.

Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun.

When the word ``bishopric'' was first made, it was
made as a compound. --Earle.

2. (Chem.) A union of two or more ingredients in definite
proportions by weight, so combined as to form a distinct
substance; as, water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen.

Note: Every definite chemical compound always contains the
same elements, united in the same proportions by
weight, and with the same internal arrangement.

{Binary compound} (Chem.). See under {Binary}.

{Carbon compounds} (Chem.). See under {Carbon}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several
similar parts or lobes [ant: {simple}]
2: consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or
elements or parts; "soap is a compound substance";
"housetop is a compound word"; "a blackberry is a compound
3: (zoology) composed of many distinct individuals united to
form a whole or colony; "coral is a colonial organism"
[syn: {colonial}]
n 1: (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or
more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by
weight [syn: {chemical compound}]
2: a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
3: an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in
the Orient)
v 1: make more intense, stronger, or more marked; "The efforts
were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike
for her", "Potsmokers claim it heightens their
awareness"; "This event only deepened my convictions"
[syn: {intensify}, {heighten}, {deepen}]
2: put or add together; "combine resources" [syn: {combine}]
3: calculate principal and interest
4: create by mixing or combining
5: combine so as to form a whole; mix; "compound the
ingredients" [syn: {combine}]

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