Hypertext Webster Gateway: "quantity"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Square \Square\, a.
1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as,
a square figure.

2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner.

3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and
angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a
square frame.

4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.

She's a most truimphant lady, if report be square to
her. --Shak.

5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest, as square

6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the
accounts square.

7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.

By Heaven, square eaters. More meat, I say. --Beau.
& Fl.

8. (Naut.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and
parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a
square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.

Note: Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or
combination, as in square-built, square-cornered,
square-cut, square-nosed, etc.

{Square foot}, an area equal to that of a square the sides of
which are twelwe inches; 144 square inches.

{Square knot}, a knot in which the terminal and standing
parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust.
under {Knot}.

{Square measure}, the measure of a superficies or surface
which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly.
The units of square measure are squares whose sides are
the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet,
square meters, etc.

{Square number}. See {square}, n., 6.

{Square root of a number} or {quantity} (Math.), that number
or quantity which, multiplied by itself produces the given
number or quantity.

{Square sail} (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard
suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a
schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail
boomed out. See Illust. of {Sail}.

{Square stern} (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining
the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a
round stern, which has no transom.

{Three-square}, {Five-square}, etc., having three, five,
etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.

{To get square with}, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Quantity \Quan"ti*ty\, v. t. [L. quantus now much + -fy.]
To modify or qualify with respect to quantity; to fix or
express the quantity of; to rate.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Quantity \Quan"ti*ty\, n.; pl. {Quantities}. [F. quantite, L.
quantitas, fr. quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow,
E. how, who. See {Who}.]
1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the
property of being measurable, or capable of increase and
decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more
concretely, that which answers the question ``How much?'';
measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or
comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent;
size. Hence, in specific uses:
(a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general
conception, that is, the number of species or
individuals to which it may be applied; also, its
content or comprehension, that is, the number of its
constituent qualities, attributes, or relations.
(b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which
determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the
long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable.
(c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone.

2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured;
especially (Math.), anything to which mathematical
processes are applicable.

Note: Quantity is discrete when it is applied to separate
objects, as in number; continuous, when the parts are
connected, either in succession, as in time, motion,
etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space,
viz., length, breadth, and thickness.

3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a
certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount;
a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in
quantities, that is, in large quantities.

The quantity of extensive and curious information
which he had picked up during many months of
desultory, but not unprofitable, study. --Macaulay.

{Quantity of estate} (Law), its time of continuance, or
degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years.
--Wharton (Law Dict. )

{Quantity of matter}, in a body, its mass, as determined by
its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity.

{Quantity of motion} (Mech.), in a body, the relative amount
of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the
product of mass and velocity.

{Known quantities} (Math.), quantities whose values are

{Unknown quantities} (Math.), quantities whose values are

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Imaginary \Im*ag"i*na*ry\, a. [L. imaginarius: cf. F.
Existing only in imagination or fancy; not real; fancied;
visionary; ideal.

Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer Imaginary ills
and fancied tortures? --Addison.

{Imaginary calculus} See under {Calculus}.

{Imaginary expression} or {quantity} (Alg.), an algebraic
expression which involves the impossible operation of
taking the square root of a negative quantity; as,
[root]-9, a + b [root]-1.

{Imaginary points}, {lines}, {surfaces}, etc. (Geom.),
points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist, although
by reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact
ceased to have a real existence.

Syn: Ideal; fanciful; chimerical; visionary; fancied; unreal;

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: how much there is of something that you can measure [syn: {measure},
{amount}, {quantum}]
2: an adequate or large amount; "he had a quantity of
3: something that has a magnitude and can be represented in
mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable

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