Hypertext Webster Gateway: "specific"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Specific \Spe*cif"ic\, a. [F. sp['e]cifique, or NL. cpesificus;
L. species a particular sort or kind + facere to make. Cf.
1. Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or
constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property
or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and
distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of
an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug;
the specific distinction between virtue and vice.

Specific difference is that primary attribute which
distinguishes each species from one another. --I.

2. Specifying; definite, or making definite; limited;
precise; discriminating; as, a specific statement.

3. (Med.) Exerting a peculiar influence over any part of the
body; preventing or curing disease by a peculiar adaption,
and not on general principles; as, quinine is a specific
medicine in cases of malaria.

In fact, all medicines will be found specific in the
perfection of the science. --Coleridge.

{Specific character} (Nat. Hist.), a characteristic or
characteristics distinguishing one species from every
other species of the same genus.

{Specific disease} (Med.)
(a) A disease which produces a determinate definite effect
upon the blood and tissues or upon some special
(b) A disease which is itself uniformly produced by a
definite and peculiar poison or organism.

{Specific duty}. (Com.) See under {Duty}.

{Specific gravity}. (Physics) See under {Gravity}.

{Specific heat} (Physics), the quantity of heat required to
raise temperature of a body one degree, taking as the unit
of measure the quantity required to raise the same weight
of water from zero to one degree; thus, the specific heat
of mercury is 0.033, that of water being 1.000.

{Specific inductive capacity} (Physics), the effect of a
dielectric body in producing static electric induction as
compared with that of some other body or bodies referred
to as a standard.

{Specific legacy} (Law), a bequest of a particular thing, as
of a particular animal or piece of furniture, specified
and distinguished from all others. --Wharton. --Burrill.

{Specific name} (Nat., Hist.), the name which, appended to
the name of the genus, constitutes the distinctive name of
the species; -- originally applied by Linn[ae]us to the
essential character of the species, or the essential
difference. The present specific name he at first called
the {trivial name}.

{Specific performance} (Law), the peformance of a contract or
agreement as decreed by a court of equity.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Specific \Spe*cif"ic\, n.
1. (Med.) A specific remedy. See {Specific}, a., 3.

His parents were weak enough to believe that the
royal touch was a specific for this malady.

2. Anything having peculiar adaption to the purpose to which
it is applied. --Dr. H. More.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by
or distinguishing something particular or special or
unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands
specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account
of the accident" [ant: {general}, {nonspecific}]
2: stated explicitly or in detail; "needed a specific amount"
3: relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic
species; "specific characters"
4: (med and pathology) being or affecting a disease produced by
a particular microorganism or condition; used also of
stains or dyes used in making microscope slides; "quinine
is highly specific for malaria"; "a specific remedy"; "a
specific stain is one having a specific affinity for
particular structural elements [ant: {nonspecific}]
n 1: a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always
reasons from the particular to the general" [syn: {particular}]
[ant: {general}, {general}]
2: a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific
disease; "quinine is a specific for malaria"

Additional Hypertext Webster Gateway Lookup

Enter word here:
Exact Approx

Gateway by dict@stokkie.net
stock only wrote the gateway and does not have any control over the contents; see the Webster Gateway FAQ, and also the Back-end/database links and credits.