Hypertext Webster Gateway: "particular"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Particular \Par*tic"u*lar\, a. [OE. particuler, F. particulier,
L. particularis. See {Particle}.]
1. Relating to a part or portion of anything; concerning a
part separated from the whole or from others of the class;
separate; sole; single; individual; specific; as, the
particular stars of a constellation. --Shak.

[/Make] each particular hair to stand an end, Like
quills upon the fretful porpentine. --Shak.

Seken in every halk and every herne Particular
sciences for to lerne. --Chaucer.

2. Of or pertaining to a single person, class, or thing;
belonging to one only; not general; not common; hence,
personal; peculiar; singular. ``Thine own particular
wrongs.'' --Shak.

Wheresoever one plant draweth such a particular
juice out of the earth. --Bacon.

3. Separate or distinct by reason of superiority;
distinguished; important; noteworthy; unusual; special;
as, he brought no particular news; she was the particular
belle of the party.

4. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute;
circumstantial; precise; as, a full and particular account
of an accident; hence, nice; fastidious; as, a man
particular in his dress.

5. (Law)
(a) Containing a part only; limited; as, a particular
estate, or one precedent to an estate in remainder.
(b) Holding a particular estate; as, a particular tenant.

6. (Logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in
extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject; as,
a particular proposition; -- opposed to {universal}: e. g.
(particular affirmative) Some men are wise; (particular
negative) Some men are not wise.

{Particular average}. See under {Average}.

{Particular Baptist}, one of a branch of the Baptist
denomination the members of which hold the doctrine of a
particular or individual election and reprobation.

{Particular lien} (Law), a lien, or a right to retain a
thing, for some charge or claim growing out of, or
connected with, that particular thing.

{Particular redemption}, the doctrine that the purpose, act,
and provisions of redemption are restricted to a limited
number of the human race. See {Calvinism}.

Syn: Minute; individual; respective; appropriate; peculiar;
especial; exact; specific; precise; critical;
circumstantial. See {Minute}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Particular \Par*tic"u*lar\, n.
1. A separate or distinct member of a class, or part of a
whole; an individual fact, point, circumstance, detail, or
item, which may be considered separately; as, the
particulars of a story.

Particulars which it is not lawful for me to reveal.

It is the greatest interest of particulars to
advance the good of the community. --L'Estrange.

2. Special or personal peculiarity, trait, or character;
individuality; interest, etc. [Obs.]

For his particular I'll receive him gladly. --Shak.

If the particulars of each person be considered.

Temporal blessings, whether such as concern the
public . . . or such as concern our particular.
--Whole Duty
of Man.

3. (Law) One of the details or items of grounds of claim; --
usually in the pl.; also, a bill of particulars; a minute
account; as, a particular of premises.

The reader has a particular of the books wherein
this law was written. --Ayliffe.

{Bill of particulars}. See under {Bill}.

{In particular}, specially; peculiarly. ``This, in
particular, happens to the lungs.'' --Blackmore.

{To go into particulars}, to relate or describe in detail or

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: unique or specific to a person or thing or category; "the
particular demands of the job"; "has a paraticular
preference for Chinese art"; "a peculiar bond of
sympathy between them"; "an expression peculiar to
Canadians"; "rights peculiar to the rich"; "the
special features of a computer"; "my own special
chair" [syn: {particular(a)}, {peculiar(a)}, {special(a)}]
2: separate and distinct from others; "an exception in this
particular case" [syn: {particular(a)}]
3: separate and distinct from others of the same group or
category; "interested in one particular artist"; "a man
who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with
him" [syn: {particular(a)}]
4: surpassing what is common or usual or expected; "he paid
especial attention to her"; "exceptional kindness"; "a
matter of particular and unusual importance"; "a special
occasion"; "a special reason to confide in her"; "what's
so special about the year 2000?" [syn: {especial(a)}, {exceptional},
{particular(a)}, {special}]
5: first and most important; "his special interest is music";
"she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her
volunteer work" [syn: {special}]
6: exacting especially about details; "a finicky eater"; "fussy
about clothes"; "very particular about how her food was
prepared" [syn: {finical}, {finicky}, {fussy}]
7: providing specific details or circumstances; "a particular
description of the room" [syn: {particular(a)}]
n 1: a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always
reasons from the particular to the general" [syn: {specific}]
[ant: {general}, {general}]
2: a small part that can be considered separately from the
whole; "it was perfect in all details" [syn: {detail}, {item}]

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