Hypertext Webster Gateway: "had"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Had \Had\, imp. & p. p. of {Have}. [OE. had, hafde, hefde, AS.
See {Have}.

{Had as lief}, {Had rather}, {Had better}, {Had as soon},
etc., with a nominative and followed by the infinitive
without to, are well established idiomatic forms. The
original construction was that of the dative with forms of
be, followed by the infinitive. See {Had better}, under

And lever me is be pore and trewe. [And more
agreeable to me it is to be poor and true.] --C.
Mundi (Trans.

Him had been lever to be syke. [To him it had been
preferable to be sick.] --Fabian.

For him was lever have at his bed's head Twenty
bookes, clad in black or red, . . . Than robes rich,
or fithel, or gay sawtrie. --Chaucer.

Note: Gradually the nominative was substituted for the
dative, and had for the forms of be. During the process
of transition, the nominative with was or were, and the
dative with had, are found.

Poor lady, she were better love a dream. --Shak.

You were best hang yourself. --Beau. & Fl.

Me rather had my heart might feel your love Than
my unpleased eye see your courtesy. --Shak.

I hadde levere than my scherte, That ye hadde rad
his legende, as have I. --Chaucer.

I had as lief not be as live to be In awe of such
a thing as I myself. --Shak.

I had rather be a dog and bay the moon, Than such
a Roman. --Shak.

I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my
God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Have \Have\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Had}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Having}. Indic. present, I {have}, thou {hast}, he {has};
we, ye, they {have}.] [OE. haven, habben, AS. habben (imperf.
h[ae]fde, p. p. geh[ae]fd); akin to OS. hebbian, D. hebben,
OFries, hebba, OHG. hab?n, G. haben, Icel. hafa, Sw. hafva,
Dan. have, Goth. haban, and prob. to L. habere, whence F.
avoir. Cf. {Able}, {Avoirdupois}, {Binnacle}, {Habit}.]
1. To hold in possession or control; to own; as, he has a

2. To possess, as something which appertains to, is connected
with, or affects, one.

The earth hath bubbles, as the water has. --Shak.

He had a fever late. --Keats.

3. To accept possession of; to take or accept.

Break thy mind to me in broken English; wilt thou
have me? --Shak.

4. To get possession of; to obtain; to get. --Shak.

5. To cause or procure to be; to effect; to exact; to desire;
to require.

It had the church accurately described to me. --Sir
W. Scott.

Wouldst thou have me turn traitor also? --Ld.

6. To bear, as young; as, she has just had a child.

7. To hold, regard, or esteem.

Of them shall I be had in honor. --2 Sam. vi.

8. To cause or force to go; to take. ``The stars have us to
bed.'' --Herbert. ``Have out all men from me.'' --2 Sam.
xiii. 9.

9. To take or hold (one's self); to proceed promptly; -- used
reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun; as, to
have after one; to have at one or at a thing, i. e., to
aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to have with a
companion. --Shak.

10. To be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled;
followed by an infinitive.

Science has, and will long have, to be a divider
and a separatist. --M. Arnold.

The laws of philology have to be established by
external comparison and induction. --Earle.

11. To understand.

You have me, have you not? --Shak.

12. To put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of;
as, that is where he had him. [Slang]

Note: Have, as an auxiliary verb, is used with the past
participle to form preterit tenses; as, I have loved; I
shall have eaten. Originally it was used only with the
participle of transitive verbs, and denoted the
possession of the object in the state indicated by the
participle; as, I have conquered him, I have or hold
him in a conquered state; but it has long since lost
this independent significance, and is used with the
participles both of transitive and intransitive verbs
as a device for expressing past time. Had is used,
especially in poetry, for would have or should have.

Myself for such a face had boldly died.

{To have a care}, to take care; to be on one's guard.

{To have (a man) out}, to engage (one) in a duel.

{To have done} (with). See under Do, v. i.

{To have it out}, to speak freely; to bring an affair to a

{To have on}, to wear.

{To have to do with}. See under Do, v. t.

Syn: To possess; to own. See {Possess}.

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