Hypertext Webster Gateway: "sum"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Sum \Sum\, n. [OE. summe, somme, OF. sume, some, F. somme, L.
summa, fr. summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See
{Sub-}, and cf. {Supreme}.]
1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes,
quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any
number of individuals or particulars added together; as,
the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.

Take ye the sum of all the congregation. --Num. i.

Note: Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers,
and number to an aggregate of persons or things.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely;
as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. ``The sum
of forty pound.'' --Chaucer.

With a great sum obtained I this freedom. --Acts
xxii. 28.

3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the
amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of
all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and
substance of his objections.

4. Height; completion; utmost degree.

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My
story to the sum of earthly bliss. --Milton.

5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be
wrought out. --Macaulay.

A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a
particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.

A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.

{Algebraic sum}, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the
aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with
regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules
of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8,
and -1 is 5.

{In sum}, in short; in brief. [Obs.] ``In sum, the gospel . .
. prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids
every sin.'' --Rogers.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Sum \Sum\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Summed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Summing}.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.]
1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one
amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain
the totality of; -- usually with up.

The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour
doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.

2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a
few words; to condense; -- usually with up.

``Go to the ant, thou sluggard,'' in few words sums
up the moral of this fable. --L'Estrange.

He sums their virtues in himself alone. --Dryden.

3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish
with complete, or full-grown, plumage.

But feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens
[wings]. --Milton.

{Summing up}, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a
r['e]sum['e]; a summary.

Syn: To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend;

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a quantity of money; "he borrowed a large sum"; "the amount
he had in cash was insufficient" [syn: {sum of money}, {amount},
{amount of money}]
2: a quantity obtained by addition [syn: {amount}, {total}]
3: the final aggregate; "the sum of all our troubles did not
equal the misery they suffered" [syn: {sum total}]
4: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some
idea or experience: "the gist of the prosecutor's
argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party";
"the nub of the story" [syn: {kernel}, {substance}, {core},
{center}, {essence}, {gist}, {heart}, {heart and soul}, {inwardness},
{marrow}, {meat}, {nub}, {pith}, {nitty-gritty}]
5: the whole amount [syn: {total}, {totality}, {aggregate}]
6: a set containing all and only the members of two or more
given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B" [syn:
{union}, {join}]
v : determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to
those of the neighboring town" [syn: {total}, {tot}, {tot
up}, {sum up}, {summate}, {tote up}, {add}, {add together},
{tally}, {add up}]

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