summa, fr. summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See

{Sub-}, and cf. {Supreme}.]

1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes,

quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any

number of individuals or particulars added together; as,

the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.

Take ye the sum of all the congregation. --Num. i.

2.

Note: Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers,

and number to an aggregate of persons or things.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely;

as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. ``The sum

of forty pound.'' --Chaucer.

With a great sum obtained I this freedom. --Acts

xxii. 28.

3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the

amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of

all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and

substance of his objections.

4. Height; completion; utmost degree.

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My

story to the sum of earthly bliss. --Milton.

5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be

wrought out. --Macaulay.

A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a

particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.

--Gladstone.

A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.

--Dickens.

{Algebraic sum}, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the

aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with

regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules

of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8,

and -1 is 5.

{In sum}, in short; in brief. [Obs.] ``In sum, the gospel . .

. prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids

every sin.'' --Rogers.

{Summing}.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.]

1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one

amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain

the totality of; -- usually with up.

The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour

doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.

--Bacon.

2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a

few words; to condense; -- usually with up.

``Go to the ant, thou sluggard,'' in few words sums

up the moral of this fable. --L'Estrange.

He sums their virtues in himself alone. --Dryden.

3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish

with complete, or full-grown, plumage.

But feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens

[wings]. --Milton.

{Summing up}, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a

r['e]sum['e]; a summary.

Syn: To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend;

compute.

n 1: a quantity of money; "he borrowed a large sum"; "the amount

he had in cash was insufficient" [syn: {sum of money}, {amount},

{amount of money}]

2: a quantity obtained by addition [syn: {amount}, {total}]

3: the final aggregate; "the sum of all our troubles did not

equal the misery they suffered" [syn: {sum total}]

4: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some

idea or experience: "the gist of the prosecutor's

argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party";

"the nub of the story" [syn: {kernel}, {substance}, {core},

{center}, {essence}, {gist}, {heart}, {heart and soul}, {inwardness},

{marrow}, {meat}, {nub}, {pith}, {nitty-gritty}]

5: the whole amount [syn: {total}, {totality}, {aggregate}]

6: a set containing all and only the members of two or more

given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B" [syn:

{union}, {join}]

v : determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to

those of the neighboring town" [syn: {total}, {tot}, {tot

up}, {sum up}, {summate}, {tote up}, {add}, {add together},

{tally}, {add up}]

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