Hypertext Webster Gateway: "long"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, a. [Compar. {Longer}; superl. {Longest}.] [AS.
long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr,
Sw. l[*a]ng, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. [root]125.
Cf. {Length}, {Ling} a fish, {Linger}, {Lunge}, {Purloin}.]
1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length;
protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to
short, and distinguished from broad or wide.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Longed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Longing}.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch
out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang
long. See {Long}, a.]
1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for
something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or
by after or for.

I long to see you. --Rom. i. 11.

I have longed after thy precepts. --Ps. cxix.

I have longed for thy salvation. --Ps. cxix.

Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with
fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea.

2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]

The labor which that longeth unto me. --Chaucer.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, n.
1. (Mus.) A note formerly used in music, one half the length
of a large, twice that of a breve.

2. (Phonetics) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.

3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the
phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and
substance of it. --Addison.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, adv. [AS. lance.]
1. To a great extent in apace; as, a long drawn out line.

2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.

They that tarry long at the wine. --Prov. xxiii.

When the trumpet soundeth long. --Ex. xix. 13.

3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or
posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long
before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.

4. Through the whole extent or duration.

The bird of dawning singeth all night long. --Shak.

5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in
question; as, how long will you be gone?

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d {Along}.]
By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See {Along
of}, under 3d {Along}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Long \Long\, a. (Finance & Com.)
Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or
depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, long of
cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go, long of the market,
to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or
securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Measure \Meas"ure\, n. [OE. mesure, F. mesure, L. mensura, fr.
metiri, mensus, to measure; akin to metrum poetical measure,
Gr. ?, E. meter. Cf. {Immense}, {Mensuration}, {Mete} to
1. A standard of dimension; a fixed unit of quantity or
extent; an extent or quantity in the fractions or
multiples of which anything is estimated and stated;
hence, a rule by which anything is adjusted or judged.

2. An instrument by means of which size or quantity is
measured, as a graduated line, rod, vessel, or the like.

False ells and measures be brought all clean adown.
--R. of

3. The dimensions or capacity of anything, reckoned according
to some standard; size or extent, determined and stated;
estimated extent; as, to take one's measure for a coat.

The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and
broader than the sea. --Job xi. 9.

4. The contents of a vessel by which quantity is measured; a
quantity determined by a standard; a stated or limited
quantity or amount.

It is like leaven which a woman took and hid in
three measures of meal. --Luke xiii.

5. Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds;
moderation; due restraint; esp. in the phrases, in
measure; with measure; without or beyond measure.

Hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth
without measure. --Is. v. 14.

6. Determined extent, not to be exceeded; limit; allotted
share, as of action, influence, ability, or the like; due

Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of
my days. --Ps. xxxix.

7. The quantity determined by measuring, especially in buying
and selling; as, to give good or full measure.

8. Undefined quantity; extent; degree.

There is a great measure of discretion to be used in
the performance of confession. --Jer. Taylor.

9. Regulated division of movement:
(a) (Dancing) A regulated movement corresponding to the
time in which the accompanying music is performed;
but, especially, a slow and stately dance, like the
(b) (Mus.) (1) The group or grouping of beats, caused by
the regular recurrence of accented beats. (2) The
space between two bars. See {Beat}, {Triple},
{Quadruple}, {Sextuple}, {Compound time}, under
{Compound}, a., and {Figure}.
(c) (Poetry) The manner of ordering and combining the
quantities, or long and short syllables; meter;
rhythm; hence, a foot; as, a poem in iambic measure.

10. (Arith.) A number which is contained in a given number a
number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases,
the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc., of
two or more numbers.

11. A step or definite part of a progressive course or
policy; a means to an end; an act designed for the
accomplishment of an object; as, political measures;
prudent measures; an inefficient measure.

His majesty found what wrong measures he had taken
in the conferring that trust, and lamented his
error. --Clarendon.

12. The act of measuring; measurement. --Shak.

13. pl. (Geol.) Beds or strata; as, coal measures; lead

{Lineal}, or {Long}, {measure}, measure of length; the
measure of lines or distances.

{Liquid measure}, the measure of liquids.

{Square measure}, the measure of superficial area of surfaces
in square units, as inches, feet, miles, etc.

{To have hard measure}, to have harsh treatment meted out to
one; to be harshly or oppressively dealt with.

{To take measures}, to make preparations; to provide means.

{To take one's measure}, to measure one, as for a garment;
hence, to form an opinion of one's disposition, character,
ability, etc.

{To tread a measure}, to dance in the style so called. See 9
(a) .

Say to her, we have measured many miles To
tread a measure with her on this grass. --Shak.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively
great or greater than average duration or passage of
time or a duration as specified; ; "a long life"; "a
long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long
friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long"
[ant: {short}]
2: primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than
average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a
long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long
words"; "ten miles long" [ant: {short}]
3: of relatively great height; "a race of long gaunt men"-
Sherwood Anderson; "looked out the long French windows"
4: (finance) holding securities or commodities in expectation
of a rise in prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position
in gold" [ant: {short}]
5: (phonetics) of speech sounds (especially vowels) of
relatively long duration (as e.g. the English vowel sounds
in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot') [ant: {short}]
6: (prosody) used of syllables that are unaccented or of
relatively long duration
7: involving substantial risk; "long odds"
8: (of memory) having greater than average range; "a long
memory especially for insults"; "a tenacious memory" [syn:
9: planning prudently for the future; "large goals that
required farsighted policies"; "took a long view of the
geopolitical issues" [syn: {farseeing}, {farsighted}, {foresighted},
{foresightful}, {longsighted}]
10: having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on
brains"; "in long supply"
n : a comparatively long time; "this won't take long"; "they
haven't been gone long"
adv 1: for an extended time or at a distant time; "a promotion long
overdue"; "something long hoped for"; "his name has
long been forgotten"; "talked all night long"; "how
long will you be gone?"; "arrived long before he was
expected"; "it is long after your bedtime"
2: for an extended distance
v 1: desire strongly or persistently [syn: {hanker}, {yearn}]
2: have a yen for [syn: {ache}, {yearn}, {yen}, {pine}, {languish}]

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