Hypertext Webster Gateway: "rod"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rod \Rod\, n. [The same word as rood. See {Rood}.]
1. A straight and slender stick; a wand; hence, any slender
bar, as of wood or metal (applied to various purposes).
(a) An instrument of punishment or correction;
figuratively, chastisement.

He that spareth his rod hateth his son. --Prov.
xiii. 24.
(b) A kind of sceptor, or badge of office; hence,
figuratively, power; authority; tyranny; oppression.
``The rod, and bird of peace.'' --Shak.
(c) A support for a fishing line; a fish pole. --Gay.
(d) (Mach. & Structure) A member used in tension, as for
sustaining a suspended weight, or in tension and
compression, as for transmitting reciprocating motion,
etc.; a connecting bar.
(e) An instrument for measuring.

2. A measure of length containing sixteen and a half feet; --
called also {perch}, and {pole}.

{Black rod}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Rods and cones} (Anat.), the elongated cells or elements of
the sensory layer of the retina, some of which are
cylindrical, others somewhat conical.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: (British) a linear measure of 16.5 feet [syn: {perch}, {pole}]
2: a long thin implement made of metal or wood
3: any rod-shaped bacterium
4: a square rod of land [syn: {perch}, {pole}]
5: visual receptor cell sensitive to dim light [syn: {rod cell},
{retinal rod}]
6: (slang) a gangster's pistol [syn: {gat}]

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