Hypertext Webster Gateway: "fish"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

called _dag_ by the Hebrews, a word denoting great fecundity
(Gen. 9:2; Num. 11:22; Jonah 2:1, 10). No fish is mentioned by
name either in the Old or in the New Testament. Fish abounded in
the Mediterranean and in the lakes of the Jordan, so that the
Hebrews were no doubt acquainted with many species. Two of the
villages on the shores of the Sea of Galilee derived their names
from their fisheries, Bethsaida (the "house of fish") on the
east and on the west. There is probably no other sheet of water
in the world of equal dimensions that contains such a variety
and profusion of fish. About thirty-seven different kinds have
been found. Some of the fishes are of a European type, such as
the roach, the barbel, and the blenny; others are markedly
African and tropical, such as the eel-like silurus. There was a
regular fish-market apparently in Jerusalem (2 Chr. 33:14; Neh.
3:3; 12:39; Zeph. 1:10), as there was a fish-gate which was
probably contiguous to it.

Sidon is the oldest fishing establishment known in history.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fish \Fish\, n. [F. fiche peg, mark, fr. fisher to fix.]
A counter, used in various games.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fish \Fish\, n.; pl. {Fishes}, or collectively, {Fish}. [OE.
fisch, fisc, fis, AS. fisc; akin to D. visch, OS. & OHG.
fisk, G. fisch, Icel. fiskr, Sw. & Dan. fisk, Goth. fisks, L.
piscis, Ir. iasg. Cf. {Piscatorial}. In some cases, such as
fish joint, fish plate, this word has prob. been confused
with fish, fr. F. fichea peg.]
1. A name loosely applied in popular usage to many animals of
diverse characteristics, living in the water.

2. (Zo["o]l.) An oviparous, vertebrate animal usually having
fins and a covering scales or plates. It breathes by means
of gills, and lives almost entirely in the water. See

Note: The true fishes include the Teleostei (bony fishes),
Ganoidei, Dipnoi, and Elasmobranchii or Selachians
(sharks and skates). Formerly the leptocardia and
Marsipobranciata were also included, but these are now
generally regarded as two distinct classes, below the

3. pl. The twelfth sign of the zodiac; Pisces.

4. The flesh of fish, used as food.

5. (Naut.)
(a) A purchase used to fish the anchor.
(b) A piece of timber, somewhat in the form of a fish,
used to strengthen a mast or yard.

Note: Fish is used adjectively or as part of a compound word;
as, fish line, fish pole, fish spear, fish-bellied.

{Age of Fishes}. See under {Age}, n., 8.

{Fish ball}, fish (usually salted codfish) shared fine, mixed
with mashed potato, and made into the form of a small,
round cake. [U.S.]

{Fish bar}. Same as {Fish plate} (below).

{Fish beam} (Mech.), a beam one of whose sides (commonly the
under one) swells out like the belly of a fish. --Francis.

{Fish crow} (Zo["o]l.), a species of crow ({Corvus
ossifragus}), found on the Atlantic coast of the United
States. It feeds largely on fish.

{Fish culture}, the artifical breeding and rearing of fish;

{Fish davit}. See {Davit}.

{Fish day}, a day on which fish is eaten; a fast day.

{Fish duck} (Zo["o]l.), any species of merganser.

{Fish fall}, the tackle depending from the fish davit, used
in hauling up the anchor to the gunwale of a ship.

{Fish garth}, a dam or weir in a river for keeping fish or
taking them easily.

{Fish glue}. See {Isinglass}.

{Fish joint}, a joint formed by a plate or pair of plates
fastened upon two meeting beams, plates, etc., at their
junction; -- used largely in connecting the rails of

{Fish kettle}, a long kettle for boiling fish whole.

{Fish ladder}, a dam with a series of steps which fish can
leap in order to ascend falls in a river.

{Fish line}, or {Fishing line}, a line made of twisted hair,
silk, etc., used in angling.

{Fish louse} (Zo["o]l.), any crustacean parasitic on fishes,
esp. the parasitic Copepoda, belonging to {Caligus},
{Argulus}, and other related genera. See {Branchiura}.

{Fish maw} (Zo["o]l.), the stomach of a fish; also, the air
bladder, or sound.

{Fish meal}, fish desiccated and ground fine, for use in
soups, etc.

{Fish oil}, oil obtained from the bodies of fish and marine
animals, as whales, seals, sharks, from cods' livers, etc.

{Fish owl} (Zo["o]l.), a fish-eating owl of the Old World
genera {Scotopelia} and {Ketupa}, esp. a large East Indian
species ({K. Ceylonensis}).

{Fish plate}, one of the plates of a fish joint.

{Fish pot}, a wicker basket, sunk, with a float attached, for
catching crabs, lobsters, etc.

{Fish pound}, a net attached to stakes, for entrapping and
catching fish; a weir. [Local, U.S.] --Bartlett.

{Fish slice}, a broad knife for dividing fish at table; a
fish trowel.

{Fish slide}, an inclined box set in a stream at a small
fall, or ripple, to catch fish descending the current.

{Fish sound}, the air bladder of certain fishes, esp. those
that are dried and used as food, or in the arts, as for
the preparation of isinglass.

{Fish story}, a story which taxes credulity; an extravagant
or incredible narration. [Colloq. U.S.] --Bartlett.

{Fish strainer}.
(a) A metal colander, with handles, for taking fish from a
(b) A perforated earthenware slab at the bottom of a dish,
to drain the water from a boiled fish.

{Fish trowel}, a fish slice.

{Fish} {weir or wear}, a weir set in a stream, for catching

{Neither fish nor flesh} (Fig.), neither one thing nor the

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fish \Fish\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Fished}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To attempt to catch fish; to be employed in taking fish,
by any means, as by angling or drawing a net.

2. To seek to obtain by artifice, or indirectly to seek to
draw forth; as, to fish for compliments.

Any other fishing question. --Sir W.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Fish \Fish\, v. t. [OE. fischen, fisken, fissen, AS. fiscian;
akin to G. fischen, OHG. fisc?n, Goth. fisk?n. See {Fish} the
1. To catch; to draw out or up; as, to fish up an anchor.

2. To search by raking or sweeping. --Swift.

3. To try with a fishing rod; to catch fish in; as, to fish a
stream. --Thackeray.

4. To strengthen (a beam, mast, etc.), or unite end to end
(two timbers, railroad rails, etc.) by bolting a plank,
timber, or plate to the beam, mast, or timbers, lengthwise
on one or both sides. See {Fish joint}, under {Fish}, n.

{To fish the anchor}. (Naut.) See under {Anchor}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Crawfish \Craw"fish`\ (kr[add]"f[i^]sh`), Crayfish \Cray"fish`\
(kr[=a]"f[i^]sh`), n.; pl. {-fishes} or {-fish}. [Corrupted
fr. OE. crevis, creves, OF. crevice, F. ['e]crevisse, fr.
OHG. krebiz crab, G. krebs. See {Crab}. The ending -fish
arose from confusion with E. fish.] (Zo["o]l.)
Any crustacean of the family {Astacid[ae]}, resembling the
lobster, but smaller, and found in fresh waters. Crawfishes
are esteemed very delicate food both in Europe and America.
The North American species are numerous and mostly belong to
the genus {Cambarus}. The blind crawfish of the Mammoth Cave
is {Cambarus pellucidus}. The common European species is
{Astacus fluviatilis}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates
usually having scales and breathing through gills
2: the flesh of fish used as food
v 1: seek indirectly; "fish for compliments" [syn: {angle}]
2: catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; "I like to go
fishing on weekends"

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