Hypertext Webster Gateway: "family"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Family \Fam"i*ly\, n.; pl. {Families}. [L. familia, fr. famulus
servant; akin to Oscan famel servant, cf. faamat he dwells,
Skr. dh[=a]man house, fr. dh[=a]to set, make, do: cf. F.
famille. Cf. {Do}, v. t., {Doom}, {Fact}, {Feat}.]
1. The collective body of persons who live in one house, and
under one head or manager; a household, including parents,
children, and servants, and, as the case may be, lodgers
or boarders.

2. The group comprising a husband and wife and their
dependent children, constituting a fundamental unit in the
organization of society.

The welfare of the family underlies the welfare of
society. --H. Spencer.

3. Those who descend from one common progenitor; a tribe,
clan, or race; kindred; house; as, the human family; the
family of Abraham; the father of a family.

Go ! and pretend your family is young. --Pope.

4. Course of descent; genealogy; line of ancestors; lineage.

5. Honorable descent; noble or respectable stock; as, a man
of family.

6. A group of kindred or closely related individuals; as, a
family of languages; a family of States; the chlorine

7. (Biol.) A group of organisms, either animal or vegetable,
related by certain points of resemblance in structure or
development, more comprehensive than a genus, because it
is usually based on fewer or less pronounced points of
likeness. In zo["o]logy a family is less comprehesive than
an order; in botany it is often considered the same thing
as an order.

{Family circle}. See under {Circle}.

{Family man}.
(a) A man who has a family; esp., one who has a wife and
children living with him andd dependent upon him.
(b) A man of domestic habits. ``The Jews are generally,
when married, most exemplary family men.'' --Mayhew.

{Family of} {curves or surfaces} (Geom.), a group of curves
or surfaces derived from a single equation.

{In a family way}, like one belonging to the family. ``Why
don't we ask him and his ladies to come over in a family
way, and dine with some other plain country gentlefolks?''

{In the family way}, pregnant. [Colloq.]

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a social unit living together; "he moved his family to
Virginia"; "It was a good Christian household"; "I
waited until the whole house was asleep"; "the teacher
asked how many people made up his home" [syn: {household},
{house}, {home}, {menage}]
2: primary social group; parents and children; "he wanted to
have a good job before starting a family" [syn: {family
3: people descended from a common ancestor; "his family had
lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower" [syn: {family
line}, {folk}, {kinfolk}, {kinsfolk}, {sept}, {phratry}]
4: a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there
are two classes of detergents" [syn: {class}, {category}]
5: an association of people who share common beliefs or
activities; "the message was addressed not just to
employees but to every member of the company family"; "the
church welcomed new members into its fellowship" [syn: {fellowship}]
6: (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera;
"sharks belong to the fish family"
7: a person having kinship with another or others; "he's kin";
"he's family" [syn: {kin}, {kinsperson}]

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