Hypertext Webster Gateway: "country"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Key \Key\ (k[=e]), n. [OE. keye, key, kay, AS. c[ae]g.]
1. An instrument by means of which the bolt of a lock is shot
or drawn; usually, a removable metal instrument fitted to
the mechanism of a particular lock and operated by turning
in its place.

2. An instrument which is turned like a key in fastening or
adjusting any mechanism; as, a watch key; a bed key, etc.

3. That part of an instrument or machine which serves as the
means of operating it; as, a telegraph key; the keys of a
pianoforte, or of a typewriter.

4. A position or condition which affords entrance, control,
pr possession, etc.; as, the key of a line of defense; the
key of a country; the key of a political situation. Hence,
that which serves to unlock, open, discover, or solve
something unknown or difficult; as, the key to a riddle;
the key to a problem.

Those who are accustomed to reason have got the true
key of books. --Locke.

Who keeps the keys of all the creeds. --Tennyson.

5. That part of a mechanism which serves to lock up, make
fast, or adjust to position.

6. (Arch.)
(a) A piece of wood used as a wedge.
(b) The last board of a floor when laid down.

7. (Masonry)
(a) A keystone.
(b) That part of the plastering which is forced through
between the laths and holds the rest in place.

8. (Mach.)
(a) A wedge to unite two or more pieces, or adjust their
relative position; a cotter; a forelock. See Illusts.
of {Cotter}, and {Gib}.
(b) A bar, pin or wedge, to secure a crank, pulley,
coupling, etc., upon a shaft, and prevent relative
turning; sometimes holding by friction alone, but more
frequently by its resistance to shearing, being
usually embedded partly in the shaft and partly in the
crank, pulley, etc.

9. (Bot.) An indehiscent, one-seeded fruit furnished with a
wing, as the fruit of the ash and maple; a samara; --
called also {key fruit}.

10. (Mus.)
(a) A family of tones whose regular members are called
diatonic tones, and named key tone (or tonic) or one
(or eight), mediant or three, dominant or five,
subdominant or four, submediant or six, supertonic or
two, and subtonic or seven. Chromatic tones are
temporary members of a key, under such names as ``
sharp four,'' ``flat seven,'' etc. Scales and tunes
of every variety are made from the tones of a key.
(b) The fundamental tone of a movement to which its
modulations are referred, and with which it generally
begins and ends; keynote.

Both warbling of one song, both in one key.

11. Fig: The general pitch or tone of a sentence or

You fall at once into a lower key. --Cowper.

{Key bed}. Same as {Key seat}.

{Key bolt}, a bolt which has a mortise near the end, and is
secured by a cotter or wedge instead of a nut.

{Key bugle}. See {Kent bugle}.

{Key of a position} or {country.} (Mil.) See {Key}, 4.

{Key seat} (Mach.), a bed or groove to receive a key which
prevents one part from turning on the other.

{Key way}, a channel for a key, in the hole of a piece which
is keyed to a shaft; an internal key seat; -- called also
{key seat}.

{Key wrench} (Mach.), an adjustable wrench in which the
movable jaw is made fast by a key.

{Power of the keys} (Eccl.), the authority claimed by the
ministry in some Christian churches to administer the
discipline of the church, and to grant or withhold its
privileges; -- so called from the declaration of Christ,
``I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of
heaven.'' --Matt. xvi. 19.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Country \Coun"try\, a.
1. Pertaining to the regions remote from a city; rural;
rustic; as, a country life; a country town; the country
party, as opposed to city.

2. Destitute of refinement; rude; unpolished; rustic; not
urbane; as, country manners.

3. Pertaining, or peculiar, to one's own country.

She, bowing herself towards him, laughing the cruel
tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language. --2
Macc. vii. 27.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Country \Coun"try\ (k?n"tr?), n.; pl. {Countries} (-tr?z). [F.
contr['e]e, LL. contrata, fr. L. contra over against, on the
opposite side. Cf. {Counter}, adv., {Contra}.]
1. A tract of land; a region; the territory of an independent
nation; (as distinguished from any other region, and with
a personal pronoun) the region of one's birth, permanent
residence, or citizenship.

Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred. --Gen.
xxxxii. 9.

I might have learned this by my last exile, that
change of countries cannot change my state.

Many a famous realm And country, whereof here needs
no account --Milton.

2. Rural regions, as opposed to a city or town.

As they walked, on their way into the country.
--Mark xvi. 12
(Rev. Ver. ).

God made the covatry, and man made the town.

Only very great men were in the habit of dividing
the year between town and country. --Macaulay.

3. The inhabitants or people of a state or a region; the
populace; the public. Hence:
(a) One's constituents.
(b) The whole body of the electors of state; as, to
dissolve Parliament and appeal to the country.

All the country in a general voice Cried hate
upon him. --Shak.

4. (Law)
(a) A jury, as representing the citizens of a country.
(b) The inhabitants of the district from which a jury is

5. (Mining.) The rock through which a vein runs.

{Conclusion to the country}. See under {Conclusion}.

{To put, or throw, one's self upon the country}, to appeal to
one's constituents; to stand trial before a jury.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: rough and uncouth; "a country boy" [syn: {country(a)}, {country-bred}]
2: typical of the country; "country-style sausage"; "country
music" [syn: {country-style}, {country(a)}]
3: (of music) characteristic of rural life [syn: {country(a)},
{folk(a)}, {hillbilly}, {western(a)}]
n 1: the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land
of his birth"; "he visited several European countries"
[syn: {state}, {land}]
2: a politically organized body of people under a single
government; "the state has elected a new president";
"African nations"; "students who had come to the nation's
capitol"; "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an
industrialized land" [syn: {state}, {nation}, {land}, {commonwealth},
{res publica}, {body politic}]
3: the people who live in a nation or country; "a statement
that sums up the nation's mood"; "the news was announced
to the nation"; "the whole country worshipped him" [syn: {nation},
{land}, {a people}]
4: an area outside of cities and towns; "his poetry celebrated
the slower pace of life in the country" [syn: {rural area}]
[ant: {urban area}]
5: a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary
(usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by
its people or culture or geography); "it was a mountainous
area"; "Bible country" [syn: {area}]

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