Hypertext Webster Gateway: "state"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

State \State\, n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. ['e]tat, fr. L.
status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See
{Stand}, and cf. {Estate}, {Status}.]
1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any
given time.

State is a term nearly synonymous with ``mode,'' but
of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively
limited to the mutable and contingent. --Sir W.

Declare the past and present state of things.

Keep the state of the question in your eye. --Boyle.

2. Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor.

Thy honor, state, and seat is due to me. --Shak.

3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous
circumstances; social importance.

She instructed him how he should keep state, and yet
with a modest sense of his misfortunes. --Bacon.

Can this imperious lord forget to reign, Quit all
his state, descend, and serve again? --Pope.

4. Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.

Where least og state there most of love is shown.

5. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais;
a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself. [Obs.]

His high throne, . . . under state Of richest
texture spread. --Milton.

When he went to court, he used to kick away the
state, and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl.

6. Estate, possession. [Obs.] --Daniel.

Your state, my lord, again in yours. --Massinger.

7. A person of high rank. [Obs.] --Latimer.

8. Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a
community of a particular character; as, the civil and
ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal
and the commons, in Great Britain. Cf. {Estate}, n., 6.

9. The principal persons in a government.

The bold design Pleased highly those infernal
states. --Milton.

10. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country;
as, the States-general of Holland.

11. A form of government which is not monarchial, as a
republic. [Obs.]

Well monarchies may own religion's name, But states
are atheists in their very fame. --Dryden.

12. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of
people who are united one government, whatever may be the
form of the government; a nation.

Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by
the supreme power in a state. --Blackstone.

The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from
their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they
found a state without a king, and a church without
a bishop. --R. Choate.

13. In the United States, one of the commonwealth, or bodies
politic, the people of which make up the body of the
nation, and which, under the national constitution,
stands in certain specified relations with the national
government, and are invested, as commonwealth, with full
power in their several spheres over all matters not
expressly inhibited.

Note: The term State, in its technical sense, is used in
distinction from the federal system, i. e., the
government of the United States.

14. Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity
between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between
the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme.

Note: When state is joined with another word, or used
adjectively, it denotes public, or what belongs to the
community or body politic, or to the government; also,
what belongs to the States severally in the American
Union; as, state affairs; state policy; State laws of

{Nascent state}. (Chem.) See under {Nascent}.

{Secretary of state}. See {Secretary}, n., 3.

{State barge}a royal barge, or a barge belonging to a

{State bed}, an elaborately carved or decorated bed.

{State carriage}, a highly decorated carriage for officials
going in state, or taking part in public processions.

{State paper}, an official paper relating to the interests or
government of a state. --Jay.

{State prison}, a public prison or penitentiary; -- called
also {State's prison}.

{State prisoner}, one is confinement, or under arrest, for a
political offense.

{State rights}, or {States' rights}, the rights of the
several independent States, as distinguished from the
rights of the Federal government. It has been a question
as to what rights have been vested in the general
government. [U.S.]

{State's evidence}. See {Probator}, 2, and under {Evidence}.

{State sword}, a sword used on state occasions, being borne
before a sovereign by an attendant of high rank.

{State trial}, a trial of a person for a political offense.

{States of the Church}. See under {Ecclesiastical}.

Syn: {State}, {Situation}, {Condition}.

Usage: State is the generic term, and denotes in general the
mode in which a thing stands or exists. The situation
of a thing is its state in reference to external
objects and influences; its condition is its internal
state, or what it is in itself considered. Our
situation is good or bad as outward things bear
favorably or unfavorably upon us; our condition is
good or bad according to the state we are actually in
as respects our persons, families, property, and other
things which comprise our sources of enjoyment.

I do not, brother, Infer as if I thought my
sister's state Secure without all doubt or
controversy. --Milton.

We hoped to enjoy with ease what, in our
situation, might be called the luxuries of life.

And, O, what man's condition can be worse Than
his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

State \State\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stated}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.]

I myself, though meanest stated, And in court now
almost hated. --Wither.

Who calls the council, states the certain day.

2. To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in
gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite;
as, to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc.

{To state it}. To assume state or dignity. [Obs.] ``Rarely
dressed up, and taught to state it.'' --Beau. & Fl.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

State \State\, n.
A statement; also, a document containing a statement. [R.]
--Sir W. Scott.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

State \State\, a.
1. Stately. [Obs.] --Spenser.

2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Argillaceous \Ar`gil*la"ceous\, a. [L. argillaceus, fr.
Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or
clay; clayey.

{Argillaceous sandstone} (Geol.), a sandstone containing much

{Argillaceous iron ore}, the clay ironstone.

{Argillaceous schist} or {state}. See {Argillite}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Construct \Con"struct\, a.
Formed by, or relating to, construction, interpretation, or

{Construct form} or {state} (Heb. Gram.), that of a noun used
before another which has the genitive relation to it.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: supported and operated by the government of a state; "a
state university" [syn: {state-supported}]
2: in the service of the community or nation; "state security"
n 1: the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign
state; "the state has lowered its income tax"
2: the territory occupied by one of the constituent
administrative districts of a nation; "his state is in the
deep south" [syn: {province}]
3: a politically organized body of people under a single
government; "the state has elected a new president";
"African nations"; "students who had come to the nation's
capitol"; "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an
industrialized land" [syn: {nation}, {country}, {land}, {commonwealth},
{res publica}, {body politic}]
4: the way something is with respect to its main attributes;
"the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health";
"in a weak financial state"
5: the federal department that sets and maintains foreign
policies; "the Department of State was created in 1789"
[syn: {Department of State}, {State Department}, {State}]
6: the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land
of his birth"; "he visited several European countries"
[syn: {country}, {land}]
7: (informal) a state of depression or agitation; "he was in
such a state you just couldn't reason with him"
8: (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are
solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume
and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the
container); "the solid state of water is called ice" [syn:
{state of matter}]
v 1: express an idea, etc. in words; "He said that he wanted to
marry her"; "tell me what is bothering you"; "state your
opinion" [syn: {say}, {tell}]
2: put before; "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"
[syn: {submit}, {put forward}]
3: indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.; "Can you express
this distance in kilometers?" [syn: {express}]

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