Hypertext Webster Gateway: "bishop"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

an overseer. In apostolic times, it is quite manifest that there
was no difference as to order between bishops and elders or
presbyters (Acts 20:17-28; 1 Pet. 5:1, 2; Phil. 1:1; 1 Tim. 3).
The term bishop is never once used to denote a different office
from that of elder or presbyter. These different names are
simply titles of the same office, "bishop" designating the
function, namely, that of oversight, and "presbyter" the dignity
appertaining to the office. Christ is figuratively called "the
bishop [episcopos] of souls" (1 Pet. 2:25).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bishop \Bish"op\, n. [OE. bischop, biscop, bisceop, AS. bisceop,
biscop, L. episcopus overseer, superintendent, bishop, fr.
Gr. ?, ? over + ? inspector, fr. root of ?, ?, to look to,
perh. akin to L. specere to look at. See {Spy}, and cf.
1. A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director.

Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned
unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. --1 Pet.
ii. 25.

It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians
of all shades of opinion, that in the language of
the New Testament the same officer in the church is
called indifferently ``bishop'' ( ? ) and ``elder''
or ``presbyter.'' --J. B.

2. In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant
Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of
the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally
claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is
usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese,
bishopric, or see.

{Bishop in partibus} [{infidelium}] (R. C. Ch.), a bishop of
a see which does not actually exist; one who has the
office of bishop, without especial jurisdiction.

{Titular bishop} (R. C. Ch.), a term officially substituted
in 1882 for bishop in partibus.

{Bench of Bishops}. See under {Bench}.

3. In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of
the highest church officers or superintendents.

4. A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a
representation of a bishop's miter; -- formerly called

5. A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons,
and sugar. --Swift.

6. An old name for a woman's bustle. [U. S.]

If, by her bishop, or her ``grace'' alone, A genuine
lady, or a church, is known. --Saxe.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bishop \Bish"op\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bishoped}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Bishoping}.]
To admit into the church by confirmation; to confirm; hence,
to receive formally to favor.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bishop \Bish"op\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bishoped}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Bishoping}.] [From the name of the scoundrel who first
practiced it. Youatt.] (Far.)
To make seem younger, by operating on the teeth; as, to
bishop an old horse or his teeth.

Note: The plan adopted is to cut off all the nippers with a
saw to the proper length, and then with a cutting
instrument the operator scoops out an oval cavity in
the corner nippers, which is afterwards burnt with a
hot iron until it is black. --J. H. Walsh.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bustle \Bus"tle\, n.
A kind of pad or cushion worn on the back below the waist, by
women, to give fullness to the skirts; -- called also
{bishop}, and {tournure}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority;
appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or
ministers; considered in some churches (Anglican
Communion and Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic) to be
successors of the twelve apostles of Christ
2: port wine mulled with oranges and cloves
3: a chess piece that can be moved diagonally over unoccupied
squares of the same color

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