Hypertext Webster Gateway: "trial"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Trial \Tri"al\, n. [From {Try}.]
1. The act of trying or testing in any manner. Specifically:

(a) Any effort or exertion of strength for the purpose of
ascertaining what can be done or effected.

[I] defy thee to the trial of mortal fight.
(b) The act of testing by experience; proof; test.

Repeated trials of the issues and events of
actions. --Bp. Wilkins.
(c) Examination by a test; experiment, as in chemistry,
metallurgy, etc.

2. The state of being tried or tempted; exposure to suffering
that tests strength, patience, faith, or the like;
affliction or temptation that exercises and proves the
graces or virtues of men.

Others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings.
--Heb. xi. 36.

3. That which tries or afflicts; that which harasses; that
which tries the character or principles; that which tempts
to evil; as, his child's conduct was a sore trial.

Every station is exposed to some trials. --Rogers.

4. (Law) The formal examination of the matter in issue in a
cause before a competent tribunal; the mode of determining
a question of fact in a court of law; the examination, in
legal form, of the facts in issue in a cause pending
before a competent tribunal, for the purpose of
determining such issue.

Syn: Test; attempt; endeavor; effort; experiment; proof;
essay. See {Test}, and {Attempt}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : of the nature of or undergoing an experiment; "an
experimental drug"; "a pilot project"; "a test run"; "a
trial separation" [syn: {experimental}, {model(a)}, {pilot(a)},
{test(a)}, {trial(a)}]
n 1: (law) legal proceedings consisting of the judicial
examination of issues by a competent tribunal; "most of
these complaints are settled before they go to trial"
2: the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials
the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called
each flip of the coin a new trial" [syn: {test}, {run}]
3: (sports) a preliminary competition to determine
qualifications; "the trials for the semifinals began
4: (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by
due process of law; "he had a fair trial and the jury
found him guilty"
5: trying something to find out about it; "a sample for ten
days free trial"; "a trial of progesterone failed to
relieve the pain" [syn: {trial run}, {test}, {tryout}]
6: an annoying or frustrating event; "his mother-in-law's
visits were a great trial for him"; "life is full of
tribulations"; "a visitation of the plague" [syn: {tribulation},
7: the act of undergoing testing; "he survived the great test
of battle"; "candidates must compete in a trial of skill"
[syn: {test}]

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