Hypertext Webster Gateway: "cause"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Shine \Shine\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Shone} (? or ?; 277)
(archaic {Shined}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Shining}.] [OE. shinen,
schinen, AS. sc[=i]nan; akin to D. schijnen, OFries.
sk[=i]na, OS. & OHG. sc[=i]nan, G. scheinen, Icel. sk[=i]na,
Sw. skina, Dan. skinne, Goth. skeinan, and perh. to Gr. ???
shadow. [root]157. Cf. {Sheer} pure, and {Shimmer}.]
1. To emit rays of light; to give light; to beam with steady
radiance; to exhibit brightness or splendor; as, the sun
shines by day; the moon shines by night.

Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine. --Shak.

God, who commanded the light to shine out of
darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the
light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the
face of Jesus Cghrist. --2 Cor. iv.

Let thine eyes shine forth in their full luster.

2. To be bright by reflection of light; to gleam; to be
glossy; as, to shine like polished silver.

3. To be effulgent in splendor or beauty. ``So proud she
shined in her princely state.'' --Spenser.

Once brightest shined this child of heat and air.

4. To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit
brilliant intellectual powers; as, to shine in courts; to
shine in conversation.

Few are qualified to shine in company; but it in
most men's power to be agreeable. --Swift.

{To make}, or {cause}, {the face to shine upon}, to be
propitious to; to be gracious to. --Num. vi. 25.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cause \Cause\ (k[add]z), n. [F. cause, fr. L. causa. Cf.
{Cause}, v., {Kickshaw}.]
1. That which produces or effects a result; that from which
anything proceeds, and without which it would not exist.

Cause is substance exerting its power into act, to
make one thing begin to be. --Locke.

2. That which is the occasion of an action or state; ground;
reason; motive; as, cause for rejoicing.

3. Sake; interest; advantage. [Obs.]

I did it not for his cause. --2 Cor. vii.

4. (Law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by
which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he
regards as his right; case; ground of action.

5. Any subject of discussion or debate; matter; question;
affair in general.

What counsel give you in this weighty cause! --Shak.

6. The side of a question, which is espoused, advocated, and
upheld by a person or party; a principle which is
advocated; that which a person or party seeks to attain.

God befriend us, as our cause is just. --Shak.

The part they take against me is from zeal to the
cause. --Burke.

{Efficient cause}, the agent or force that produces a change
or result.

{Final cause}, the end, design, or object, for which anything
is done.

{Formal cause}, the elements of a conception which make the
conception or the thing conceived to be what it is; or the
idea viewed as a formative principle and co["o]perating
with the matter.

{Material cause}, that of which anything is made.

{Proximate cause}. See under {Proximate}.

{To make common cause with}, to join with in purposes and
aims. --Macaulay.

Syn: Origin; source; mainspring; motive; reason; incitement;
inducement; purpose; object; suit; action.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cause \Cause\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Caused}; p. pr. & v. n.
{Causing}.] [F. causer, fr. cause, fr. L. causa. See {Cause},
n., and cf. {Acouse}.]
To effect as an agent; to produce; to be the occasion of; to
bring about; to bring into existence; to make; -- usually
followed by an infinitive, sometimes by that with a finite

I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days.
--Gen. vii. 4.

Cause that it be read also in the church of the
Laodiceans. --Col. iv. 16.

Syn: To create; produce; beget; effect; occasion; originate;
induce; bring about.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cause \Cause\, v. i.
To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse.
[Obs.] --Spenser.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cause \Cause\, conj.
Abbreviation of {Because}. --B. Jonson.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: events that provide the generative force that is the origin
of something; "they are trying to determine the cause of
the crash"
2: a justification for something existing or happening; "he had
no cause to complain"; "they had good reason to rejoice"
[syn: {reason}, {grounds}]
3: a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward
a particular end; "he supported populist campaigns"; "they
worked in the cause of world peace"; "the team was ready
for a drive toward the pennant"; "the movement to end
slavery"; "contributed to the war effort" [syn: {campaign},
{crusade}, {drive}, {movement}, {effort}]
4: any entity that causes events to happen [syn: {causal agent},
{causal agency}]
5: (law) a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of
law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; "the
family brought suit against the landlord" [syn: {lawsuit},
{suit}, {case}, {causa}]
v 1: give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always
intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir";
"cause an accident" [syn: {do}, {make}]
2: cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner: "The ads
induced me to buy a VCR"; "My children finally got me to
buy a computer"; "My wife made me buy a new sofa" [syn: {induce},
{stimulate}, {have}, {get}, {make}]

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