Hypertext Webster Gateway: "counsel"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

King \King\, n.[AS. cyng, cyning; akin to OS. kuning, D. koning,
OHG. kuning, G. k["o]nig, Icel. konungr, Sw. konung, Dan.
konge; formed with a patronymic ending, and fr. the root of
E. kin; cf. Icel. konr a man of noble birth. [root]44. See
1. A chief ruler; a sovereign; one invested with supreme
authority over a nation, country, or tribe, usually by
hereditary succession; a monarch; a prince. ``Ay, every
inch a king.'' --Shak.

Kings will be tyrants from policy, when subjects are
rebels from principle. --Burke.

There was a State without king or nobles. --R.

But yonder comes the powerful King of Day, Rejoicing
in the east --Thomson.

2. One who, or that which, holds a supreme position or rank;
a chief among competitors; as, a railroad king; a money
king; the king of the lobby; the king of beasts.

3. A playing card having the picture of a king; as, the king
of diamonds.

4. The chief piece in the game of chess.

5. A crowned man in the game of draughts.

6. pl. The title of two historical books in the Old

Note: King is often used adjectively, or in combination, to
denote pre["e]minence or superiority in some
particular; as, kingbird; king crow; king vulture.

{Apostolic king}.See {Apostolic}.

{King-at-arms}, or {King-of-arms}, the chief heraldic officer
of a country. In England the king-at-arms was formerly of
great authority. His business is to direct the heralds,
preside at their chapters, and have the jurisdiction of
armory. There are three principal kings-at-arms, viz.,
Garter, Clarencieux, and Norroy. The latter (literally
north roy or north king) officiates north of the Trent.

{King auk} (Zo["o]l.), the little auk or sea dove.

{King bird of paradise}. (Zo["o]l.), See {Bird of paradise}.

{King card}, in whist, the best unplayed card of each suit;
thus, if the ace and king of a suit have been played, the
queen is the king card of the suit.

{King Cole}, a legendary king of Britain, who is said to have
reigned in the third century.

{King conch} (Zo["o]l.), a large and handsome univalve shell
({Cassis cameo}), found in the West Indies. It is used for
making cameos. See {Helmet shell}, under {Helmet}.

{King Cotton}, a popular personification of the great staple
production of the southern United States.

{King crab}. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The limulus or horseshoe crab. See {Limulus}.
(b) The large European spider crab or thornback ({Maia

{King crow}. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A black drongo shrike ({Buchanga atra}) of India; --
so called because, while breeding, they attack and
drive away hawks, crows, and other large birds.
(b) The {Dicrurus macrocercus} of India, a crested bird
with a long, forked tail. Its color is black, with
green and blue reflections. Called also {devil bird}.

{King duck} (Zo["o]l.), a large and handsome eider duck
({Somateria spectabilis}), inhabiting the arctic regions
of both continents.

{King eagle} (Zo["o]l.), an eagle ({Aquila heliaca}) found in
Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is about as large as the
golden eagle. Some writers believe it to be the imperial
eagle of Rome.

{King hake} (Zo["o]l.), an American hake ({Phycis regius}),
fond in deep water along the Atlantic coast.

{King monkey} (Zo["o]l.), an African monkey ({Colobus
polycomus}), inhabiting Sierra Leone.

{King mullet} (Zo["o]l.), a West Indian red mullet ({Upeneus
maculatus}); -- so called on account of its great beauty.
Called also {goldfish}.

{King of terrors}, death.

{King parrakeet} (Zo["o]l.), a handsome Australian parrakeet
({Platycercys scapulatus}), often kept in a cage. Its
prevailing color is bright red, with the back and wings
bright green, the rump blue, and tail black.

{King penguin} (Zo["o]l.), any large species of penguin of
the genus {Aptenodytes}; esp., {A. longirostris}, of the
Falkland Islands and Kerguelen Land, and {A. Patagonica},
of Patagonia.

{King rail} (Zo["o]l.), a small American rail ({Rallus
elegans}), living in fresh-water marshes. The upper parts
are fulvous brown, striped with black; the breast is deep
cinnamon color.

{King salmon} (Zo["o]l.), the quinnat. See {Quinnat}.

{King's, or Queen's}, {counsel} (Eng. Law), barristers
learned in the law, who have been called within the bar,
and selected to be the king's or queen's counsel. They
answer in some measure to the advocates of the revenue
(advocati fisci) among the Romans. They can not be
employed against the crown without special license.
--Wharton's Law Dict.

{King's cushion}, a temporary seat made by two persons
crossing their hands. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

{The king's English}, correct or current language of good
speakers; pure English. --Shak.

{King's or Queen's}, {evidence}, testimony in favor of the
Crown by a witness who confesses his guilt as an
accomplice. See under {Evidence}. [Eng.]

{King's evil}, scrofula; -- so called because formerly
supposed to be healed by the touch of a king.

{King snake} (Zo["o]l.), a large, nearly black, harmless
snake ({Ophiobolus getulus}) of the Southern United
States; -- so called because it kills and eats other kinds
of snakes, including even the rattlesnake.

{King's spear} (Bot.), the white asphodel ({Asphodelus

{King's yellow}, a yellow pigment, consisting essentially of
sulphide and oxide of arsenic; -- called also {yellow

{King tody} (Zo["o]l.), a small fly-catching bird
({Eurylaimus serilophus}) of tropical America. The head is
adorned with a large, spreading, fan-shaped crest, which
is bright red, edged with black.

{King vulture} (Zo["o]l.), a large species of vulture
({Sarcorhamphus papa}), ranging from Mexico to Paraguay,
The general color is white. The wings and tail are black,
and the naked carunculated head and the neck are
briliantly colored with scarlet, yellow, orange, and blue.
So called because it drives away other vultures while

{King wood}, a wood from Brazil, called also {violet wood},
beautifully streaked in violet tints, used in turning and
small cabinetwork. The tree is probably a species of
{Dalbergia}. See {Jacaranda}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Counsel \Coun"sel\ (koun"s?l), n. [OE. conc?l, F. conseil, fr.
L. consilium, fr. the root of consulere to consult, of
uncertain origin. Cf. {Consult}, {Consul}.]
1. Interchange of opinions; mutual advising; consultation.

All the chief priest and elders of the people took
counsel against Jesus, to put him to death. --Matt.
xxvii. 1.

2. Examination of consequences; exercise of deliberate
judgment; prudence.

They all confess, therefore, in the working of that
first cause, that counsel is used. --Hooker.

3. Result of consultation; advice; instruction.

I like thy counsel; well hast thou advised. --Shak.

It was ill counsel had misled the girl. --Tennyson.

4. Deliberate purpose; design; intent; scheme; plan.

The counsel of the Lord standeth forever. --Ps.
xxxiii. 11.

The counsels of the wicked are deceit. --Prov. xii.

5. A secret opinion or purpose; a private matter.

Thilke lord . . . to whom no counsel may be hid.

6. One who gives advice, especially in legal matters; one
professionally engaged in the trial or management of a
cause in court; also, collectively, the legal advocates
united in the management of a case; as, the defendant has
able counsel.

The King found his counsel as refractory as his
judges. --Macaulay.

Note: The some courts a distinction is observed between the
attorney and the counsel in a cause, the former being
employed in the management iof the more mechanical
parts of the suit, the latter in attending to the
pleadings, managing the cause at the trial, and in
applying the law to the exigencies of the case during
the whole progress of the suit. In other courts the
same person can exercise the powers of each. See
{Attorney}. --Kent.

{In counsel}, in secret. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

{To keep counsel}, or

{To keep one's own counsel}, to keep one's thoughts,
purposes, etc., undisclosed.

The players can not keep counsel: they 'll tell all.

Syn: Advice; consideration; consultation; purpose; scheme;

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Counsel \Coun"sel\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Counseled} (-s?ld) or
{Counselled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Counseling} or {Counselling}.]
[OE. conseilen, counseilen, F. conseiller, fr. L. consiliari,
fr. consilium counsel.]
1. To give advice to; to advice, admonish, or instruct, as a

Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you To leave
this place. --Shak.

2. To advise or recommend, as an act or course.

They who counsel war. --Milton.

Thus Belial, with words clothed in reson's garb,
Counseled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth. --Milton.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a lawyer who pleads cases in court [syn: {advocate}, {counselor},
{counsellor}, {counselor-at-law}, {pleader}]
2: direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
[syn: {guidance}, {counseling}, {counselling}, {direction}]
v : give advice to [syn: {advise}]

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