Hypertext Webster Gateway: "pain"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Pain \Pain\, n. [OE. peine, F. peine, fr. L. poena, penalty,
punishment, torment, pain; akin to Gr. ? penalty. Cf.
{Penal}, {Pine} to languish, {Punish}.]
1. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil
inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the
commission of a crime; penalty. --Chaucer.

We will, by way of mulct or pain, lay it upon him.

Interpose, on pain of my displeasure. --Dryden.

None shall presume to fly, under pain of death.

2. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight
uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from
a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by
violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a
smart. ``The pain of Jesus Christ.'' --Chaucer.

Note: Pain may occur in any part of the body where sensory
nerves are distributed, and it is always due to some
kind of stimulation of them. The sensation is generally
referred to the peripheral end of the nerve.

3. pl. Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.

She bowed herself and travailed, for her pains came
upon her. --1 Sam. iv.

4. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety;
grief; solicitude; anguish. --Chaucer.

In rapture as in pain. --Keble.

5. See {Pains}, labor, effort.

{Bill of pains and penalties}. See under {Bill}.

{To die in the pain}, to be tortured to death. [Obs.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Pain \Pain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pained}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Paining}.] [OE. peinen, OF. pener, F. peiner to fatigue. See
{Pain}, n.]
1. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish. [Obs.]
--Wyclif (Acts xxii. 5).

2. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with
uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment;
to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his
stomach pained him.

Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us. --Locke

3. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to
grieve; as a child's faults pain his parents.

I am pained at my very heart. --Jer. iv. 19.

{To pain one's self}, to exert or trouble one's self; to take
pains; to be solicitous. [Obs.] ``She pained her to do all
that she might.'' --Chaucer.

Syn: To disquiet; trouble; afflict; grieve; aggrieve;
distress; agonize; torment; torture.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder; "the patient
developed severe pain and distension" [syn: {hurting}]
2: emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to
avoid; "the pain of loneliness" [syn: {painfulness}] [ant:
3: a somatic sensation of acute discomfort; "as the intensity
increased the sensation changed from tickle to pain" [syn:
{painful sensation}]
4: a bothersome annoying person; "that kid is a terrible pain"
[syn: {pain in the neck}, {nuisance}]
5: something or someone that causes trouble; a source of
unhappiness; "a bit of a bother" [syn: {annoyance}, {nuisance},
{bother}, {botheration}, {pain in the neck}, {pain in the
v 1: cause bodily suffering to [syn: {afflict}, {trouble}, {ail}]
2: cause anguish;, make miserable [syn: {anguish}, {hurt}]

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