Hypertext Webster Gateway: "down"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad?n, ad?ne, prop., from
or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf.
1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the
earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; --
the opposite of up.

2. Hence, in many derived uses, as:
(a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or
figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top
of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground
or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition;
as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and
the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs
indicating motion.

It will be rain to-night. Let it come down.

I sit me down beside the hazel grove.

And that drags down his life. --Tennyson.

There is not a more melancholy object in the
learned world than a man who has written himself
down. --Addison.

The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone]
the English. --Shak.
(b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or
figuratively; at the bottom of a decent; below the
horizon; of the ground; in a condition of humility,
dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.

I was down and out of breath. --Shak.

The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.

He that is down needs fear no fall. --Bunyan.

3. From a remoter or higher antiquity.

Venerable men! you have come down to us from a
former generation. --D. Webster.

4. From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a
thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in
making decoctions. --Arbuthnot.

Note: Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go
down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul
down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or

Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.

If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone
will down. --Locke.
Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down;
to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.

The temple of Her[`e] at Argos was burnt down.
(Thucyd. ).
Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a
conventional sense; as, down East.

Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and
those in the provinces, up to London.

{Down helm} (Naut.), an order to the helmsman to put the helm
to leeward.

{Down on} or {upon} (joined with a verb indicating motion, as
go, come, pounce), to attack, implying the idea of
threatening power.

Come down upon us with a mighty power. --Shak.

{Down with}, take down, throw down, put down; -- used in
energetic command. ``Down with the palace; fire it.''

{To be down on}, to dislike and treat harshly. [Slang, U.S.]

{To cry down}. See under {Cry}, v. t.

{To cut down}. See under {Cut}, v. t.

{Up and down}, with rising and falling motion; to and fro;
hither and thither; everywhere. ``Let them wander up and
down.'' --Ps. lix. 15.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, v. t.
To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down. [R.] --Young.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, n. [OE. dun, doun, AS. d?n; of Celtic origin; cf.
Ir. d?n hill, fortified hill, Gael. dun heap, hillock, hill,
W. din a fortified hill or mount; akin to E. town. See
{Town}, and cf. {Down}, adv. & prep., {Dune}.]
1. A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind
along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; --
usually in the plural.

Hills afford prospects, as they must needs
acknowledge who have been on the downs of Sussex.

She went by dale, and she went by down. --Tennyson.

2. A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the
sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the
grazing of sheep; -- usually in the plural. [Eng.]

Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his
downs. --Sandys.

3. pl. A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits
of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in
time of war.

On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . .
at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three
came to an anchor in the Downs, and went ashore at
Deal. --Cook (First

4. pl. [From the adverb.] A state of depression; low state;
abasement. [Colloq.]

It the downs of life too much outnumber the ups.
--M. Arnold.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, prep. [From {Down}, adv.]
1. In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower
place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, down
a hill; down a well.

2. Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as,
to sail or swim down a stream; to sail down the sound.

{Down the country}, toward the sea, or toward the part where
rivers discharge their waters into the ocean.

{Down the sound}, in the direction of the ebbing tide; toward
the sea.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Downed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to
overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down.
[Archaic or Colloq.] ``To down proud hearts.'' --Sir P.

I remember how you downed Beauclerk and Hamilton, the
wits, once at our house. --Madame

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, v. i.
To go down; to descend. --Locke.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, a.
1. Downcast; as, a down look. [R.]

2. Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial. [Obs.]
--Beau. & Fl.

3. Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down
grade; a down train on a railway.

{Down draught}, a downward draft, as in a flue, chimney,
shaft of a mine, etc.

{Down in the mouth}, chopfallen; dejected.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Down \Down\, n. [Akin to LG. dune, dun, Icel. d?nn, Sw. dun,
Dan. duun, G. daune, cf. D. dons; perh. akin to E. dust.]
1. Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of
animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool; esp.:
(a) (Zo["o]l.) The soft under feathers of birds. They have
short stems with soft rachis and bards and long
threadlike barbules, without hooklets.
(b) (Bot.) The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or
envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the
(c) The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.

And the first down begins to shade his face.

2. That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which
affords ease and repose, like a bed of down

When in the down I sink my head, Sleep, Death's twin
brother, times my breath. --Tennyson.

Thou bosom softness, down of all my cares!

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: being or moving lower in position or less in some value;
"lay face down"; "the moon is down"; "our team is down
by a run"; "down by a pawn"; "the stock market is down
today" [ant: {up}]
2: extending or moving from a higher to a lower place; "the
down staircase"; "the downward course of the stream" [syn:
{down(a)}, {downward(a)}]
3: becoming progressively lower; "steadily declining incomes";
"the down trend in the real estate market" [syn: {declining},
4: out; "two down in the last of the ninth" [syn: {down(p)}]
5: understood perfectly; "had his algebra problems down" [syn:
{down pat(p)}, {mastered}]
6: lower than previously; "the market is depressed"; "prices
are down" [syn: {depressed}, {down(p)}]
7: shut; "the shades were down"
8: cut down; "the tree is down" [syn: {cut}, {cut down}]
9: not functioning (temporarily or permanently); "we can't work
because the computer is down"
10: low in spirits; "lonely and blue in a strange city";
"depressed by the loss of his job"; "a dispirited and
resigned expression on her face"; "downcast after his
defeat"; "feeling discouraged and downhearted" [syn: {blue},
{depressed}, {dispirited}, {down(p)}, {downcast}, {downhearted},
{down in the mouth}, {low}, {low-spirited}]
11: the fractional price paid in cash at time of purchase; "the
down payment"; "a payment of $200 down"
n 1: soft fine feathers [syn: {down feather}]
2: a complete play to advance the football; "you have 4 downs
to gain 10 yards"
3: English physician who first described Down's syndrome
(1828-1896) [syn: {Down}, {John L. H. Down}]
4: (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little
adv 1: spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level
or position; "don't fall down"; "rode the lift up and
skied down"; "prices plunged downward" [syn: {downwards},
{downward}, {downwardly}] [ant: {up}, {up}, {up}, {up}]
2: away from a more central or a more northerly place; "was
sent down to work at the regional office"; "worked down on
the farm"; "came down for the wedding"; "flew down to
Florida" [ant: {up}]
3: paid in cash at time of purchase; "put ten dollars down on
the necklace"
4: from an earlier time; "the story was passed down from father
to son"
5: to a lower intensity; "he slowly phased down the light until
the stage was completely black" [ant: {up}]
6: in an inactive or inoperative state; "the factory went down
during the strike"; "the computer went down again"
v 1: drink down entirely; "He downed three martinis before
dinner"; "She killed a bottle of brandy that night"
[syn: {toss off}, {bolt down}, {belt down}, {pour down},
{drink down}, {kill}]
2: eat immoderately; "Some people can down a pound of meat in
the course of one meal" [syn: {devour}, {consume}, {go
3: bring down or defeat, in sports
4: shoot at and force to come down; of aircraft [syn: {shoot
down}, {land}]
5: cause to come or go down; "The policeman downed the heavily
armed suspect"; "The mugger knocked down the old lady
after she refused to hand over her wallet" [syn: {knock
down}, {cut down}, {push down}, {pull down}]
6: improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's
style of writing" [syn: {polish}, {refine}, {fine-tune}]

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