Hypertext Webster Gateway: "lower"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Low \Low\, a. [Compar. {Lower}; superl. {Lowest}.] [OE. low,
louh, lah, Icel. l[=a]gr; akin to Sw. l[*a]g, Dan. lav, D.
laag, and E. lie. See {Lie} to be prostrate.]
1. Occupying an inferior position or place; not high or
elevated; depressed in comparison with something else; as,
low ground; a low flight.

2. Not rising to the usual height; as, a man of low stature;
a low fence.

3. Near the horizon; as, the sun is low at four o'clock in
winter, and six in summer.

4. Sunk to the farthest ebb of the tide; as, low tide.

5. Beneath the usual or remunerative rate or amount, or the
ordinary value; moderate; cheap; as, the low price of
corn; low wages.

6. Not loud; as, a low voice; a low sound.

7. (Mus.) Depressed in the scale of sounds; grave; as, a low
pitch; a low note.

8. (Phon.) Made, as a vowel, with a low position of part of
the tongue in relation to the palate; as, ? (?m), ? (all).
See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 5, 10, 11.

9. Near, or not very distant from, the equator; as, in the
low northern latitudes.

10. Numerically small; as, a low number.

11. Wanting strength or animation; depressed; dejected; as,
low spirits; low in spirits.

12. Depressed in condition; humble in rank; as, men of low
condition; the lower classes.

Why but to keep ye low and ignorant ? --Milton.

13. Mean; vulgar; base; dishonorable; as, a person of low
mind; a low trick or stratagem.

14. Not elevated or sublime; not exalted or diction; as, a
low comparison.

In comparison of these divine writers, the noblest
wits of the heathen world are low and dull.

15. Submissive; humble. ``Low reverence.'' --Milton.

16. Deficient in vital energy; feeble; weak; as, a low pulse;
made low by sickness.

17. Moderate; not intense; not inflammatory; as, low heat; a
low temperature; a low fever.

18. Smaller than is reasonable or probable; as, a low

19. Not rich, high seasoned, or nourishing; plain; simple;
as, a low diet.

Note: Low is often used in the formation of compounds which
require no special explanation; as, low-arched, low-
browed, low-crowned, low-heeled, low-lying, low-priced,
low-roofed, low-toned, low-voiced, and the like.

{Low Church}. See {High Church}, under {High}.

{Low Countries}, the Netherlands.

{Low German}, {Low Latin}, etc. See under {German}, {Latin},

{Low life}, humble life.

{Low milling}, a process of making flour from grain by a
single grinding and by siftings.

{Low relief}. See {Bas-relief}.

{Low side window} (Arch.), a peculiar form of window common
in medi[ae]val churches, and of uncertain use. Windows of
this sort are narrow, near the ground, and out of the line
of the windows, and in many different situations in the

{Low spirits}, despondency.

{Low steam}, steam having a low pressure.

{Low steel}, steel which contains only a small proportion of
carbon, and can not be hardened greatly by sudden cooling.

{Low Sunday}, the Sunday next after Easter; -- popularly so

{Low tide}, the farthest ebb of the tide; the tide at its
lowest point; low water.

{Low water}.
(a) The lowest point of the ebb tide; a low stage of the
in a river, lake, etc.
(b) (Steam Boiler) The condition of an insufficient
quantity of water in the boiler.

{Low water} {alarm or indicator} (Steam Boiler), a
contrivance of various forms attached to a boiler for
giving warning when the water is low.

{Low water mark}, that part of the shore to which the waters
recede when the tide is the lowest. --Bouvier.

{Low wine}, a liquor containing about 20 percent of alcohol,
produced by the first distillation of wash; the first run
of the still; -- often in the plural.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lower \Low"er\, v. i.
To fall; to sink; to grow less; to diminish; to decrease; as,
the river lowered as rapidly as it rose.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lower \Low"er\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Lowered}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Lowering}.] [OE. lowren, luren; cf. D. loeren, LG. luren. G.
lauern to lurk, to be on the watch, and E. leer, lurk.]
1. To be dark, gloomy, and threatening, as clouds; to be
covered with dark and threatening clouds, as the sky; to
show threatening signs of approach, as a tempest.

All the clouds that lowered upon our house. --Shak.

2. To frown; to look sullen.

But sullen discontent sat lowering on her face.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lower \Low"er\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lowered}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Lowering}.] [From {Low}, a.]
1. To let descend by its own weight, as something suspended;
to let down; as, to lower a bucket into a well; to lower a
sail or a boat; sometimes, to pull down; as, to lower a

Lowered softly with a threefold cord of love Down to
a silent grave. --Tennyson.

2. To reduce the height of; as, to lower a fence or wall; to
lower a chimney or turret.

3. To depress as to direction; as, to lower the aim of a gun;
to make less elevated as to object; as, to lower one's
ambition, aspirations, or hopes.

4. To reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc., of; as,
to lower the temperature of anything; to lower one's
vitality; to lower distilled liquors.

5. To bring down; to humble; as, to lower one's pride.

6. To reduce in value, amount, etc.; as, to lower the price
of goods, the rate of interest, etc.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lower \Low"er\, a.
Compar. of {Low}, a.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lower \Low"er\, n. [Obs.]
1. Cloudiness; gloominess.

2. A frowning; sullenness.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: the bottom one of two; "he chose the lower number"
2: (usually preceded by `no)' lower in esteem; "no less a
person than the king himself" [syn: {less}]
3: inferior in rank or status; "the junior faculty"; "a lowly
corporal"; "petty officialdom"; "a subordinate
functionary" [syn: {junior-grade}, {inferior}, {lower-ranking},
{lowly}, {petty(a)}, {secondary}, {subaltern}, {subordinate}]
4: of the underworld; "nether regions" [syn: {chthonian}, {chthonic},
n : the lower of two berths [syn: {lower berth}]
v 1: move something or somebody to a lower position [syn: {take
down}, {let down}, {get down}, {bring down}] [ant: {raise}]
2: set lower; "lower a rating"; "lower expectations" [syn: {lour}]
3: cause to drop or sink; "The lack of rain had depressed the
water level in the reservoir" [syn: {depress}]
4: make lower or quieter;"turn down the volume of a radio"
[syn: {turn down}, {lour}]
5: wrinkle one's forehead in a sign of disapproval [syn: {frown},

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