Hypertext Webster Gateway: "grave"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the
open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and
prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities.
Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in
rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries
(Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were
assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were
usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn
strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused
ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16).

There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings,
and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Grave \Grave\, v. i.
To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised
lines; to practice engraving.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Grave \Grave\, n. [AS. gr?f, fr. grafan to dig; akin to D. & OS.
graf, G. grab, Icel. gr["o]f, Russ. grob' grave, coffin. See
{Grave} to carve.]
An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any
place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death;

He bad lain in the grave four days. --John xi. 17.

{Grave wax}, adipocere.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

-grave \-grave\
A final syllable signifying a ruler, as in landgrave,
margrave. See {Margrave.}

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Grave \Grave\, v. t. (Naut.)
To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc.,
and pay it over with pitch; -- so called because graves or
greaves was formerly used for this purpose.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Grave \Grave\, a. [Compar. {Graver} (gr[=a]v"[~e]r); superl.
{Gravest.}] [F., fr. L. gravis heavy; cf. It. & Sp. grave
heavy, grave. See {Grief.}]
1. Of great weight; heavy; ponderous. [Obs.]

His shield grave and great. --Chapman.

2. Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate;
serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave
deportment, character, influence, etc.

Most potent, grave, and reverend seigniors. --Shak.

A grave and prudent law, full of moral equity.

3. Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, a grave color;
a grave face.

4. (Mus.)
(a) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a
grave note or key.

The thicker the cord or string, the more grave
is the note or tone. --Moore
(Encyc. of
(b) Slow and solemn in movement.

{Grave accent}. (Pron.) See the Note under {Accent}, n., 2.

Syn: Solemn; sober; serious; sage; staid; demure; thoughtful;
sedate; weighty; momentous; important.

Usage: {Grave}, {Sober}, {Serious}, {Solemn.} Sober supposes
the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is
opposed to gay or flighty; as, sober thought. Serious
implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed
to jocose or sportive; as, serious and important
concerns. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance,
etc., which results from the pressure of weighty
interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or
vivacity of manner; as, a qrave remark; qrave attire.
Solemn is applied to a case in which gravity is
carried to its highest point; as, a solemn admonition;
a solemn promise.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Grave \Grave\, v. t. [imp. {Graved} (gr[=a]vd); p. p. {Graven}
(gr[=a]v"'n) or {Graved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Graving}.] [AS.
grafan to dig, grave, engrave; akin to OFries. greva, D.
graven, G. graben, OHG. & Goth. graban, Dan. grabe, Sw.
gr[aum]fva, Icel. grafa, but prob. not to Gr. gra`fein to
write, E. graphic. Cf. {Grave}, n., {Grove}, n.]
1. To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.

He hath graven and digged up a pit. --Ps. vii. 16
(Book of

2. To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard
substance; to engrave.

Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them
the names of the children of Israel. --Ex. xxviii.

3. To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel;
to sculpture; as, to grave an image.

With gold men may the hearte grave. --Chaucer.

4. To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.

O! may they graven in thy heart remain. --Prior.

5. To entomb; to bury. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. --Shak.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: dignified and somber in manner or character and committed to
keeping promises; "a grave God-fearing man"; "a quiet
sedate nature"; "as sober as a judge"; "a solemn
promise"; "the judge was solemn as he pronounced
sentence" [syn: {sedate}, {sober}, {solemn}]
2: causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a
dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave
illness"; "grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a
serious turn of events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"
[syn: {dangerous}, {grievous}, {serious}, {severe}]
3: of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious
thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave decision
in a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy matters
of state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed at the
peace conference" [syn: {grievous}, {heavy}, {weighty}]
n 1: death of a person; "he went to his grave without forgiving
me"; "from cradle to grave"
2: a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the
ground and marked by a tombstone); "he put flowers on his
mother's grave" [syn: {tomb}]
3: a mark (`) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
[syn: {grave accent}]
v 1: shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at
it; "She is sculpting the block of marble into an image
of her husband" [syn: {sculpt}, {sculpture}]
2: write upon; engrave a pen, for example [syn: {engrave}, {inscribe}]

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