Hypertext Webster Gateway: "independent"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Independent \In`de*pend"ent\, a. [Pref. in- not + dependent: cf.
F. ind['e]pendant.]
1. Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not
relying on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly

A dry, but independent crust. --Cowper.

2. Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an independent

3. Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious;
self-directing; as, a man of an independent mind.

4. Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence;
free; easy; bold; unconstrained; as, an independent air or

5. Separate from; exclusive; irrespective.

That obligation in general, under which we conceive
ourselves bound to obey a law, independent of those
resources which the law provides for its own
enforcement. --R. P. Ward.

6. (Eccl.) Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the
doctrines or methods of, the Independents.

7. (Math.) Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to
value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or

8. (U. S. Politics) Not bound by party; exercising a free
choice in voting with either or any party.

{Independent company} (Mil.), one not incorporated in any

{Independent seconds watch}, a stop watch having a second
hand driven by a separate set of wheels, springs, etc.,
for timing to a fraction of a second.

{Independent variable}. (Math.) See {Dependent variable},
under {Dependent}.

Syn: Free; uncontrolled; separate; uncoerced; self-reliant;
bold; unconstrained; unrestricted.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Independent \In`de*pend"ent\, n.
1. (Eccl.) One who believes that an organized Christian
church is complete in itself, competent to
self-government, and independent of all ecclesiastical

Note: In England the name is often applied (commonly in the
pl.) to the Congregationalists.

2. (Politics) One who does not acknowledge an obligation to
support a party's candidate under all circumstances; one
who exercises liberty in voting.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: free from external control and constraint; "an independent
mind"; "a series of independent judgments"; "fiercely
independent individualism"; "an independent republic"
[ant: {dependent}]
2: not dependent on or conditioned by or relative to anything
3: of political bodies; "an autonomous judiciary"; "a sovereign
state" [syn: {autonomous}, {self-governing}, {sovereign}]
4: not contingent
5: (grammar) of a clause; able to stand alone syntactically as
a complete sentence; "the main (or independent) clause in
a complex sentence has at least a subject and a verb"
[syn: {main(a)}] [ant: {dependent}]
6: not controlled by a party or interest group
n 1: a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
[syn: {mugwump}]
2: a writer or artist who sells services to different employers
without a long-term contract with any of them [syn: {freelance},
{self-employed person}]

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