Hypertext Webster Gateway: "bear"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently
mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the
attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood
and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2
Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa. 59:11; Prov.
28:15; Lam. 3:10. The fury of the female bear when robbed of her
young is spoken of (2 Sam. 17:8; Prov. 17:12; Hos. 13:8). In
Daniel's vision of the four great monarchies, the Medo-Persian
empire is represented by a bear (7:5).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\ (b[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Bore} (b[=o]r) (formerly
{Bare} (b[^a]r)); p. p. {Born} (b[^o]rn), {Borne} (b[=o]r);
p. pr. & vb. n. {Bearing}.] [OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to
bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren to bring forth, G.
geb["a]ren, Goth. ba['i]ran to bear or carry, Icel. bera, Sw.
b["a]ra, Dan. b[ae]re, OHG. beran, peran, L. ferre to bear,
carry, produce, Gr. fe`rein, OSlav brati to take, carry, OIr.
berim I bear, Skr. bh[.r] to bear. [root]92. Cf. {Fertile}.]
1. To support or sustain; to hold up.

2. To support and remove or carry; to convey.

I 'll bear your logs the while. --Shak.

3. To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons. [Obs.]

Bear them to my house. --Shak.

4. To possess and use, as power; to exercise.

Every man should bear rule in his own house.
--Esther i.

5. To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a
mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.

6. To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or
distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.

7. To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to
entertain; to harbor --Dryden.

The ancient grudge I bear him. --Shak.

8. To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.

Should such a man, too fond to rule alone, Bear,
like the Turk, no brother near the throne. --Pope.

I cannot bear The murmur of this lake to hear.

My punishment is greater than I can bear. --Gen. iv.

9. To gain or win. [Obs.]

Some think to bear it by speaking a great word.

She was . . . found not guilty, through bearing of
friends and bribing of the judge. --Latimer.

10. To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense,
responsibility, etc.

He shall bear their iniquities. --Is. liii.

Somewhat that will bear your charges. --Dryden.

11. To render or give; to bring forward. ``Your testimony
bear'' --Dryden.

12. To carry on, or maintain; to have. ``The credit of
bearing a part in the conversation.'' --Locke.

13. To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain
without violence, injury, or change.

In all criminal cases the most favorable
interpretation should be put on words that they can
possibly bear. --Swift.

14. To manage, wield, or direct. ``Thus must thou thy body
bear.'' --Shak. Hence: To behave; to conduct.

Hath he borne himself penitently in prison ?

15. To afford; to be to; to supply with.

His faithful dog shall bear him company. --Pope.

16. To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples;
to bear children; to bear interest.

Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore.

Note: In the passive form of this verb, the best modern usage
restricts the past participle born to the sense of
brought forth, while borne is used in the other senses
of the word. In the active form, borne alone is used as
the past participle.

{To bear down}.
(a) To force into a lower place; to carry down; to
depress or sink. ``His nose, . . . large as were the
others, bore them down into insignificance.''
(b) To overthrow or crush by force; as, to bear down an

{To bear a hand}.
(a) To help; to give assistance.
(b) (Naut.) To make haste; to be quick.

{To bear in hand}, to keep (one) up in expectation, usually
by promises never to be realized; to amuse by false
pretenses; to delude. [Obs.] ``How you were borne in hand,
how crossed.'' --Shak.

{To bear in mind}, to remember.

{To bear off}.
(a) To restrain; to keep from approach.
(b) (Naut.) To remove to a distance; to keep clear from
rubbing against anything; as, to bear off a blow; to
bear off a boat.
(c) To gain; to carry off, as a prize.

{To bear one hard}, to owe one a grudge. [Obs.] ``C[ae]sar
doth bear me hard.'' --Shak.

{To bear out}.
(a) To maintain and support to the end; to defend to the
last. ``Company only can bear a man out in an ill
thing.'' --South.
(b) To corroborate; to confirm.

{To bear up}, to support; to keep from falling or sinking.
``Religious hope bears up the mind under sufferings.''

Syn: To uphold; sustain; maintain; support; undergo; suffer;
endure; tolerate; carry; convey; transport; waft.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\, v. i.
1. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to

This age to blossom, and the next to bear. --Dryden.

2. To suffer, as in carrying a burden.

But man is born to bear. --Pope.

3. To endure with patience; to be patient.

I can not, can not bear. --Dryden.

4. To press; -- with on or upon, or against.

These men bear hard on the suspected party.

5. To take effect; to have influence or force; as, to bring
matters to bear.

6. To relate or refer; -- with on or upon; as, how does this
bear on the question?

7. To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.

Her sentence bore that she should stand a certain
time upon the platform. --Hawthorne.

8. To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect
to something else; as, the land bears N. by E.

{To bear against}, to approach for attack or seizure; as, a
lion bears against his prey. [Obs.]

{To bear away} (Naut.), to change the course of a ship, and
make her run before the wind.

{To bear back}, to retreat. ``Bearing back from the blows of
their sable antagonist.'' --Sir W. Scott.

{To bear down upon} (Naut.), to approach from the windward
side; as, the fleet bore down upon the enemy.

{To bear in with} (Naut.), to run or tend toward; as, a ship
bears in with the land.

{To bear off} (Naut.), to steer away, as from land.

{To bear up}.
(a) To be supported; to have fortitude; to be firm; not to
sink; as, to bear up under afflictions.
(b) (Naut.) To put the helm up (or to windward) and so put
the ship before the wind; to bear away. --Hamersly.

{To bear upon} (Mil.), to be pointed or situated so as to
affect; to be pointed directly against, or so as to hit
(the object); as, to bring or plant guns so as to bear
upon a fort or a ship; the artillery bore upon the center.

{To bear up to}, to tend or move toward; as, to bear up to
one another.

{To bear with}, to endure; to be indulgent to; to forbear to
resent, oppose, or punish.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\, n.
A bier. [Obs.] --Spenser.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\, n. [OE. bere, AS. bera; akin to D. beer, OHG. bero,
pero, G. b["a]r, Icel. & Sw. bj["o]rn, and possibly to L.
fera wild beast, Gr. ? beast, Skr. bhalla bear.]
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the
closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora,
but they live largely on fruit and insects.

Note: The European brown bear ({U. arctos}), the white polar
bear ({U. maritimus}), the grizzly bear ({U.
horribilis}), the American black bear, and its variety
the cinnamon bear ({U. Americanus}), the Syrian bear
({Ursus Syriacus}), and the sloth bear, are among the
notable species.

2. (Zo["o]l.) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear
in form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly
bear; ant bear; water bear; sea bear.

3. (Astron.) One of two constellations in the northern
hemisphere, called respectively the {Great Bear} and the
{Lesser Bear}, or {Ursa Major} and {Ursa Minor}.

4. Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.

5. (Stock Exchange) A person who sells stocks or securities
for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the

Note: The bears and bulls of the Stock Exchange, whose
interest it is, the one to depress, and the other to
raise, stocks, are said to be so called in allusion to
the bear's habit of pulling down, and the bull's of
tossing up.

6. (Mach.) A portable punching machine.

7. (Naut.) A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to
scour the deck.

{Australian bear}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Koala}.

{Bear baiting}, the sport of baiting bears with dogs.

{Bear caterpillar} (Zo["o]l.), the hairy larva of a moth,
esp. of the genus {Euprepia}.

{Bear garden}.
(a) A place where bears are kept for diversion or
(b) Any place where riotous conduct is common or
permitted. --M. Arnold.

{Bear leader}, one who leads about a performing bear for
money; hence, a facetious term for one who takes charge of
a young man on his travels.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\, v. t. (Stock Exchange)
To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in; as, to
bear a railroad stock; to bear the market.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bear \Bear\, Bere \Bere\, n. [AS. bere. See {Barley}.] (Bot.)
Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley,
commonly the former ({Hord. vulgare}). [Obs. except in North
of Eng. and Scot.]

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with
long shaggy coats and strong claws
2: an investor with a pessimistic market outlook [ant: {bull}]
v 1: have: "bear a resemblance"; "bear a signature"
2: give birth (to a newborn); "My wife had twins yesterday!"
[syn: {give birth}, {deliver}, {birth}, {have}]
3: put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear
his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure
a lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate
the heat" [syn: {endure}, {stomach}, {stand}, {tolerate},
{support}, {brook}, {abide}, {suffer}, {put up}]
4: move while holding up or supporting; "Bear gifts"; "bear a
heavy load"; also with communication nouns: "bear news";
"bearing orders"
5: bring forth, "The apple tree bore delicious apples this
year"; "The unidentified plant bore gorgeous flowers"
[syn: {turn out}]
6: take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another
person; "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the
responsibility" [syn: {take over}, {accept}, {assume}]
7: contain or hold; have within: "The jar carries wine"; "The
canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
[syn: {hold}, {carry}, {contain}]
8: bring in; as of investments; "interest-bearing accounts";
"How much does this savings certificate pay annually?"
[syn: {yield}, {pay}]
9: have on one's person; "He wore a red ribbon"; "bear a scar"
[syn: {wear}]
10: behave in a certain manner; "She carried herself well"; "he
bore himself with dignity"; "They conducted themselves
well during these difficult times" [syn: {behave}, {acquit},
{deport}, {conduct}, {comport}, {carry}]
11: have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears
the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for
almost a decade" [syn: {hold}]
12: support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head
high"; "He carried himself upright" [syn: {hold}, {carry}]
13: be pregnant with; "She is bearing his child"; "The are
expecting another child in January"; "I am carrying his
child" [syn: {carry}, {gestate}, {expect}]

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