Hypertext Webster Gateway: "suffer"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Suffer \Suf"fer\, v. i.
1. To feel or undergo pain of body or mind; to bear what is
inconvenient; as, we suffer from pain, sickness, or
sorrow; we suffer with anxiety.

O well for him whose will is strong! He suffers, but
he will not suffer long. --Tennyson.

2. To undergo punishment; specifically, to undergo the
penalty of death.

The father was first condemned to suffer upon a day
appointed, and the son afterwards the day following.

3. To be injured; to sustain loss or damage.

Public business suffers by private infirmities.
--Sir W.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Suffer \Suf"fer\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Suffered}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Suffering}.] [OE. suffren, soffren, OF. sufrir, sofrir,
F. souffrir, (assumed) LL. sofferire, for L. sufferre; sub
under + ferre to bear, akin to E. bear. See {Bear} to
1. To feel, or endure, with pain, annoyance, etc.; to submit
to with distress or grief; to undergo; as, to suffer pain
of body, or grief of mind.

2. To endure or undergo without sinking; to support; to
sustain; to bear up under.

Our spirit and strength entire, Strongly to suffer
and support our pains. --Milton.

3. To undergo; to be affected by; to sustain; to experience;
as, most substances suffer a change when long exposed to
air and moisture; to suffer loss or damage.

If your more ponderous and settled project May
suffer alteration. --Shak.

4. To allow; to permit; not to forbid or hinder; to tolerate.

Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not
suffer sin upon him. --Lev. xix.

I suffer them to enter and possess. --Milton.

Syn: To permit; bear; endure; support; sustain; allow; admit;
tolerate. See {Permit}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

v 1: undergo or be subjected to; "He suffered the penalty"; "Many
saints suffered martyrdom" [syn: {endure}] [ant: {enjoy}]
2: undergo (as of injuries and illnesses); "She suffered a
fracture in the accident"; "He had an insulin shock after
eating three candy bars"; "She got a bruise on her leg";
"He got his arm broken in the scuffle" [syn: {sustain}, {have},
3: endure (emotional pain); "Every time her husband gets drunk,
she suffers"
4: put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear
his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure
a lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate
the heat" [syn: {endure}, {stomach}, {bear}, {stand}, {tolerate},
{support}, {brook}, {abide}, {put up}]
5: get worse; "His grades suffered"
6: feel pain or be in pain [syn: {hurt}] [ant: {be well}]
7: feel physical pain; "Were you hurting after the accident?"
[syn: {hurt}, {ache}]
8: undergo or suffer; "meet a violent death"; "suffer a
terrible fate" [syn: {meet}]
9: feel unwell or uncomfortable; "She is suffering from the hot
10: be given to; "She suffers from a tendency to talk too much"
11: be set at a disadvantage; "This author really suffers in
translation" [syn: {lose}]

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