Hypertext Webster Gateway: "surprise"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Surprise \Sur*prise"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surprised}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Surprising}.] [From {Surprise}, n.: cf. F.
surprendre, p. p. surpris.]
1. To come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take
unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack.

Fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. --Isa.
xxxiii. 14.

The castle of Macduff I will surprise. --Shak.

Who can speak The mingled passions that surprised
his heart? --Thomson.

2. To strike with wonder, astonishment, or confusion, by
something sudden, unexpected, or remarkable; to confound;
as, his conduct surprised me.

I am surprised with an uncouth fear. --Shak.

Up he starts, Discovered and surprised. --Milton.

3. To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to
bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as,
to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into

4. To hold possession of; to hold. [Obs.]

Not with me, That in my hands surprise the
sovereignity. --J. Webster.

Syn: See {Astonish}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Surprise \Sur*prise"\, n. [F. surprise, fr. surprendre, surpris;
sur over + prendre to take, L. prehendere. See {Sur-}, and
1. The act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of
seizing unexpectedly; surprisal; as, the fort was taken by

2. The state of being surprised, or taken unawares, by some
act or event which could not reasonably be foreseen;
emotion excited by what is sudden and strange; a suddenly
excited feeling of wonder or astonishment.

Pure surprise and fear Made me to quit the house.

3. Anything that causes such a state or emotion.

4. A dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no
other contents. [Obs.] --King.

{Surprise party}, a party of persons who assemble by mutual
agreement, and without invitation, at the house of a
common friend. [U.S.] --Bartlett.

Syn: Wonder; astonishment; amazement.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected
happens to you
2: a sudden unexpected event
3: the act of surprising someone [syn: {surprisal}]
v 1: take unawares or by surprise; cause to be surprised; "The
news really surprised me"
2: take unawares; "She surprised the couple"; "He surprised an
interesting scene"
3: attack by storm; attack suddenly [syn: {storm}]

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