Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Voluntary"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Voluntary \Vol"un*ta*ry\, a. [L. voluntarius, fr. voluntas will,
choice, from the root of velle to will, p. pr. volens; akin
to E. will: cf. F. volontaire, Of. also voluntaire. See
{Will}, v. t., and cf. {Benevolent}, {Volition},
1. Proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of

That sin or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary
action is the true principle of orthodoxy. --N. W.

2. Unconstrained by the interference of another; unimpelled
by the influence of another; not prompted or persuaded by
another; done of his or its own accord; spontaneous;
acting of one's self, or of itself; free.

Our voluntary service he requires. --Milton.

She fell to lust a voluntary prey. --Pope.

3. Done by design or intention; intentional; purposed;
intended; not accidental; as, if a man kills another by
lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter.

4. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or
regulated by, the will; as, the voluntary motions of an
animal, such as the movements of the leg or arm (in
distinction from involuntary motions, such as the
movements of the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers,
which are the agents in voluntary motion.

5. Endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary

God did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary,
agent, intending beforehand, and decreeing with
himself, that which did outwardly proceed from him.

6. (Law) Free; without compulsion; according to the will,
consent, or agreement, of a party; without consideration;
gratuitous; without valuable consideration.

7. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary
church, in distinction from an established or state

{Voluntary affidavit} or {oath} (Law), an affidavit or oath
made in extrajudicial matter.

{Voluntary conveyance} (Law), a conveyance without valuable

{Voluntary escape} (Law), the escape of a prisoner by the
express consent of the sheriff.

{Voluntary jurisdiction}. (Eng. Eccl. Law) See {Contentious
jurisdiction}, under {Contentious}.

{Voluntary waste}. (Law) See {Waste}, n., 4.

Syn: See {Spontaneous}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Voluntary \Vol"un*ta*ry\, n.; pl. {Voluntaries}.
1. One who engages in any affair of his own free will; a
volunteer. [R.] --Shak.

2. (Mus.) A piece played by a musician, often extemporarily,
according to his fancy; specifically, an organ solo played
before, during, or after divine service.

3. (Eccl.) One who advocates voluntaryism.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: of your own free will or design; not forced or compelled;
"man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was
voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary
generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social
workers"; "a voluntary confession" [ant: {involuntary}]
2: (physiology) controlled by individual volition; "voluntary
motions"; "voluntary muscles" [ant: {involuntary}]
n 1: a person who freely enlist for military service [syn: {volunteer},
{military volunteer}] [ant: {draftee}]
2: composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument
(especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a
service or performance

Additional Hypertext Webster Gateway Lookup

Enter word here:
Exact Approx

Gateway by dict@stokkie.net
stock only wrote the gateway and does not have any control over the contents; see the Webster Gateway FAQ, and also the Back-end/database links and credits.