Hypertext Webster Gateway: "oath"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

a solemn appeal to God, permitted on fitting occasions (Deut.
6:13; Jer. 4:2), in various forms (Gen. 16:5; 2 Sam. 12:5; Ruth
1:17; Hos. 4:15; Rom. 1:9), and taken in different ways (Gen.
14:22; 24:2; 2 Chr. 6:22). God is represented as taking an oath
(Heb. 6:16-18), so also Christ (Matt. 26:64), and Paul (Rom.
9:1; Gal. 1:20; Phil. 1:8). The precept, "Swear not at all,"
refers probably to ordinary conversation between man and man
(Matt. 5:34,37). But if the words are taken as referring to
oaths, then their intention may have been to show "that the
proper state of Christians is to require no oaths; that when
evil is expelled from among them every yea and nay will be as
decisive as an oath, every promise as binding as a vow."

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Voluntary \Vol"un*ta*ry\, a. [L. voluntarius, fr. voluntas will,
choice, from the root of velle to will, p. pr. volens; akin
to E. will: cf. F. volontaire, Of. also voluntaire. See
{Will}, v. t., and cf. {Benevolent}, {Volition},
1. Proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of

That sin or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary
action is the true principle of orthodoxy. --N. W.

2. Unconstrained by the interference of another; unimpelled
by the influence of another; not prompted or persuaded by
another; done of his or its own accord; spontaneous;
acting of one's self, or of itself; free.

Our voluntary service he requires. --Milton.

She fell to lust a voluntary prey. --Pope.

3. Done by design or intention; intentional; purposed;
intended; not accidental; as, if a man kills another by
lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter.

4. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or
regulated by, the will; as, the voluntary motions of an
animal, such as the movements of the leg or arm (in
distinction from involuntary motions, such as the
movements of the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers,
which are the agents in voluntary motion.

5. Endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary

God did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary,
agent, intending beforehand, and decreeing with
himself, that which did outwardly proceed from him.

6. (Law) Free; without compulsion; according to the will,
consent, or agreement, of a party; without consideration;
gratuitous; without valuable consideration.

7. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary
church, in distinction from an established or state

{Voluntary affidavit} or {oath} (Law), an affidavit or oath
made in extrajudicial matter.

{Voluntary conveyance} (Law), a conveyance without valuable

{Voluntary escape} (Law), the escape of a prisoner by the
express consent of the sheriff.

{Voluntary jurisdiction}. (Eng. Eccl. Law) See {Contentious
jurisdiction}, under {Contentious}.

{Voluntary waste}. (Law) See {Waste}, n., 4.

Syn: See {Spontaneous}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Oath \Oath\ ([=o]th), n.; pl. {Oaths} ([=o][th]z). [OE. othe,
oth, ath, AS. [=a][eth]; akin to D. eed, OS. [=e][eth], G.
eid, Icel. ei[eth]r, Sw. ed, Dan. eed, Goth. ai[thorn]s; cf.
OIr. oeth.]
1. A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent
appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed. ``I have
an oath in heaven'' --Shak.

An oath of secrecy for the concealing of those
[inventions] which we think fit to keep secret.

2. A solemn affirmation, connected with a sacred object, or
one regarded as sacred, as the temple, the altar, the
blood of Abel, the Bible, the Koran, etc.

3. (Law) An appeal (in verification of a statement made) to a
superior sanction, in such a form as exposes the party
making the appeal to an indictment for perjury if the
statement be false.

4. A careless and blasphemous use of the name of the divine
Being, or anything divine or sacred, by way of appeal or
as a profane exclamation or ejaculation; an expression of
profane swearing. ``A terrible oath'' --Shak.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger;
"expletives were deleted" [syn: {curse}, {curse word}, {expletive},
{swearing}, {swearword}, {cuss}]
2: affirming the truth of a statement; to lie under oath is to
become subject to prosecution for perjury [syn: {swearing}]

Additional Hypertext Webster Gateway Lookup

Enter word here:
Exact Approx

Gateway by dict@stokkie.net
stock only wrote the gateway and does not have any control over the contents; see the Webster Gateway FAQ, and also the Back-end/database links and credits.