Hypertext Webster Gateway: "spring"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

(Heb. 'ain, "the bright open source, the eye of the landscape").
To be carefully distinguished from "well" (q.v.). "Springs"
mentioned in Josh. 10:40 (Heb. 'ashdoth) should rather be
"declivities" or "slopes" (R.V.), i.e., the undulating ground
lying between the lowlands (the shephelah) and the central range
of hills.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spring \Spring\, v. i. [imp. {Sprang}or {Sprung}; p. p.
{Sprung}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Springing}.] [AS. springan; akin
to D. & G. springen, OS. & OHG. springan, Icel. & Sw.
springa, Dan. springe; cf. Gr. ? to hasten. Cf. {Springe},
1. To leap; to bound; to jump.

The mountain stag that springs From height to
height, and bounds along the plains. --Philips.

2. To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity;
to dart; to shoot.

And sudden light Sprung through the vaulted roof.

3. To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.

Watchful as fowlers when their game will spring.

4. To fly back; as, a bow, when bent, springs back by its
elastic power.

5. To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to
become warped; as, a piece of timber, or a plank,
sometimes springs in seasoning.

6. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin
to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams
from their source, and the like; -often followed by up,
forth, or out.

Till well nigh the day began to spring. --Chaucer.

To satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to
cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth.
--Job xxxviii.

Do not blast my springing hopes. --Rowe.

O, spring to light; auspicious Babe, be born.

7. To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to
result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle.

[They found] new hope to spring Out of despair, joy,
but with fear yet linked. --Milton.

8. To grow; to prosper.

What makes all this, but Jupiter the king, At whose
command we perish, and we spring? --Dryden.

{To spring at}, to leap toward; to attempt to reach by a

{To spring forth}, to leap out; to rush out.

{To spring in}, to rush in; to enter with a leap or in haste.

{To spring on} or {upon}, to leap on; to rush on with haste
or violence; to assault.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spring \Spring\, n. [AS. spring a fountain, a leap. See
{Spring}, v. i.]
1. A leap; a bound; a jump.

The prisoner, with a spring, from prison broke.

2. A flying back; the resilience of a body recovering its
former state by elasticity; as, the spring of a bow.

3. Elastic power or force.

Heavens! what a spring was in his arm! --Dryden.

4. An elastic body of any kind, as steel, India rubber, tough
wood, or compressed air, used for various mechanical
purposes, as receiving and imparting power, diminishing
concussion, regulating motion, measuring weight or other

Note: The principal varieties of springs used in mechanisms
are the spiral spring (Fig. a), the coil spring (Fig.
b), the elliptic spring (Fig. c), the half-elliptic
spring (Fig. d), the volute spring, the India-rubber
spring, the atmospheric spring, etc.

5. Any source of supply; especially, the source from which a
stream proceeds; as issue of water from the earth; a
natural fountain. ``All my springs are in thee.'' --Ps.
lxxxvii. 7. ``A secret spring of spiritual joy.''
--Bentley. ``The sacred spring whence and honor streams.''
--Sir J. Davies.

6. Any active power; that by which action, or motion, is
produced or propagated; cause; origin; motive.

Our author shuns by vulgar springs to move The
hero's glory, or the virgin's love. --Pope.

7. That which springs, or is originated, from a source; as:
(a) A race; lineage. [Obs.] --Chapman.
(b) A youth; a springal. [Obs.] --Spenser.
(c) A shoot; a plant; a young tree; also, a grove of
trees; woodland. [Obs.] --Spenser. Milton.

8. That which causes one to spring; specifically, a lively
tune. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.

9. The season of the year when plants begin to vegetate and
grow; the vernal season, usually comprehending the months
of March, April, and May, in the middle latitudes north of
the equator. ``The green lap of the new-come spring.''

Note: Spring of the astronomical year begins with the vernal
equinox, about March 21st, and ends with the summer
solstice, about June 21st.

10. The time of growth and progress; early portion; first
stage. ``The spring of the day.'' --1 Sam. ix. 26.

O how this spring of love resembleth The uncertain
glory of an April day. --Shak.

11. (Naut.)
(a) A crack or fissure in a mast or yard, running
obliquely or transversely.
(b) A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so
that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to
lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally
from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon
the wharf to which she is moored.

{Air spring}, {Boiling spring}, etc. See under {Air},
{Boiling}, etc.

{Spring back} (Bookbinding), a back with a curved piece of
thin sheet iron or of stiff pasteboard fastened to the
inside, the effect of which is to make the leaves of a
book thus bound (as a ledger or other account or blank
book) spring up and lie flat.

{Spring balance}, a contrivance for measuring weight or force
by the elasticity of a spiral spring of steel.

{Spring beam}, a beam that supports the side of a paddle box.
See {Paddle beam}, under {Paddle}, n.

{Spring beauty}.
(a) (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Claytonia}, delicate
herbs with somewhat fleshy leaves and pretty
blossoms, appearing in springtime.
(b) (Zo["o]l.) A small, elegant American butterfly
({Erora l[ae]ta}) which appears in spring. The hind
wings of the male are brown, bordered with deep blue;
those of the female are mostly blue.

{Spring bed}, a mattress, under bed, or bed bottom, in which
springs, as of metal, are employed to give the required

{Spring beetle} (Zo["o]l.), a snapping beetle; an elater.

{Spring box}, the box or barrel in a watch, or other piece of
mechanism, in which the spring is contained.

{Spring fly} (Zo["o]l.), a caddice fly; -- so called because
it appears in the spring.

{Spring grass} (Bot.), a vernal grass. See under {Vernal}.

{Spring gun}, a firearm disharged by a spring, when this is
trodden upon or is otherwise moved.

{Spring hook} (Locomotive Engines), one of the hooks which
fix the driving-wheel spring to the frame.

{Spring latch}, a latch that fastens with a spring.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Spring \Spring\, v. t.
1. To cause to spring up; to start or rouse, as game; to
cause to rise from the earth, or from a covert; as, to
spring a pheasant.

2. To produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : occurring in or appropriate to the season of spring; "spring
rains"; "springtime activities" [syn: {spring(a)}, {springtime(a)}]
n 1: the season of growth; "the emerging buds were a sure sign of
spring"; "he will hold office until the spring of next
year" [syn: {springtime}]
2: a natural flow of ground water [syn: {fountain}, {outflow},
{outpouring}, {natural spring}]
3: a metal elastic device that returns to its shape or position
when pushed or pulled or pressed; "the spring was broken"
4: a light springing movement upwards or forwards [syn: {leap},
{leaping}, {saltation}, {bound}, {bounce}]
5: the elasticity of something that can be stretched and
returns to its original length [syn: {give}, {springiness}]
6: a point at which water issues forth
v 1: move forward by leaps and bounds; "The horse bounded across
the meadow"; "The child leapt across the puddle"; "Can
you jump over the fence?" [syn: {jump}, {leap}, {bound}]
2: develop into a distinctive entity; "our plans began to take
shape" [syn: {form}, {take form}, {take shape}]
3: spring back; spring away from an impact; "The rubber ball
bounced"; "These particles do not resile but they unite
after they collide" [syn: {bounce}, {resile}, {take a hop},
{bound}, {rebound}, {recoil}, {ricochet}]
4: produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly; "He sprang a
new haircut on his wife"
5: develop suddenly; "The tire sprang a leak"
6: produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly; "He sprang
these news on me just as I was leaving"

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