Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Roman"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Roman \Ro"man\, a. [L. Romanus, fr. Roma Rome: cf. F. romain.
Cf. {Romaic}, {Romance}, {Romantic}.]
1. Of or pertaining to Rome, or the Roman people; like or
characteristic of Rome, the Roman people, or things done
by Romans; as, Roman fortitude; a Roman aqueduct; Roman

2. Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic religion;
professing that religion.

3. (Print.)
(a) Upright; erect; -- said of the letters or kind of type
ordinarily used, as distinguished from Italic
(b) Expressed in letters, not in figures, as I., IV., i.,
iv., etc.; -- said of numerals, as distinguished from
the Arabic numerals, 1, 4, etc.

{Roman alum} (Chem.), a cubical potassium alum formerly
obtained in large quantities from Italian alunite, and
highly valued by dyers on account of its freedom from

{Roman balance}, a form of balance nearly resembling the
modern steelyard. See the Note under {Balance}, n., 1.

{Roman candle}, a kind of firework (generally held in the
hand), characterized by the continued emission of shower
of sparks, and the ejection, at intervals, of brilliant
balls or stars of fire which are thrown upward as they
become ignited.

{Roman Catholic}, of, pertaining to, or the religion of that
church of which the pope is the spiritual head; as, a
Roman Catholic priest; the Roman Catholic Church.

{Roman cement}, a cement having the property of hardening
under water; a species of hydraulic cement.

{Roman law}. See under {Law}.

{Roman nose}, a nose somewhat aquiline.

{Roman ocher}, a deep, rich orange color, transparent and
durable, used by artists. --Ure.

{Roman order} (Arch.), the composite order. See {Composite},
a., 2.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Roman \Ro"man\, n.
1. A native, or permanent resident, of Rome; a citizen of
Rome, or one upon whom certain rights and privileges of a
Roman citizen were conferred.

2. Roman type, letters, or print, collectively; -- in
distinction from Italics.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Composite \Com*pos"ite\ (?; 277), a. [L. compositus made up of
parts, p. p. of componere. See {Compound}, v. t., and cf.
1. Made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded; as, a
composite language.

Happiness, like air and water . . . is composite.

2. (Arch.) Belonging to a certain order which is composed of
the Ionic order grafted upon the Corinthian. It is called
also the {Roman} or the {Italic} order, and is one of the
five orders recognized by the Italian writers of the
sixteenth century. See {Capital}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: relating to or characteristic of people of Rome; "Roman
virtues"; "his Roman bearing in adversity"; "a Roman
nose" [syn: {Roman}]
2: of or relating to or characteristic of Rome (especially
ancient Rome); "Roman architecture"; "the old Roman wall"
[syn: {Roman}]
3: characteristic of the modern type that most directly
represents the type used in ancient Roman inscriptions
[syn: {Roman}]
4: of or relating to or supporting Romanism; "the Roman
Catholic Church" [syn: {Roman}, {r.c.}, {Romanist}, {romish},
{Roman Catholic}, {popish}, {papist}, {papistic}, {papistical}]
n 1: a resident of modern Rome [syn: {Roman}]
2: an inhabitant of the ancient Roman Empire [syn: {Roman}]
3: a typeface used in ancient Roman inscriptions [syn: {roman
type}, {roman letters}, {roman print}]

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