Hypertext Webster Gateway: "charge"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Charge \Charge\, n. [F. charge, fr. charger to load. See
{Charge}, v. t., and cf. {Cargo}, {Caricature}.]
1. A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.

2. A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care,
custody, or management of another; a trust.

Note: The people of a parish or church are called the charge
of the clergyman who is set over them.

3. Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office;
responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.

'Tis a great charge to come under one body's hand.

4. Heed; care; anxiety; trouble. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

5. Harm. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

6. An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.

The king gave cherge concerning Absalom. --2. Sam.
xviii. 5.

7. An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address)
containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a
judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.

8. An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation;
indictment; specification of something alleged.

The charge of confounding very different classes of
phenomena. --Whewell.

9. Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents,
taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in
the plural.

10. The price demanded for a thing or service.

11. An entry or a account of that which is due from one party
to another; that which is debited in a business
transaction; as, a charge in an account book.

12. That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel,
etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace,
machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold,
or which is actually in it at one time

13. The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden
onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the
signal for attack; as, to sound the charge.

Never, in any other war afore, gave the Romans a
hotter charge upon the enemies. --Holland.

The charge of the light brigade. --Tennyson.

14. A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring
a weapon to the charge.

15. (Far.) A soft of plaster or ointment.

16. (Her.) A bearing. See {Bearing}, n., 8.

17. [Cf. {Charre}.] Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig
weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also {charre}.

18. Weight; import; value.

Many suchlike ``as's'' of great charge. --Shak.

{Back charge}. See under {Back}, a.

{Bursting charge}.
(a (Mil.) The charge which bursts a shell, etc.
(b (Mining) A small quantity of fine powder to secure
the ignition of a charge of coarse powder in

{Charge and discharge} (Equity Practice), the old mode or
form of taking an account before a master in chancery.

{Charge sheet}, the paper on which are entered at a police
station all arrests and accusations.

{To sound the charge}, to give the signal for an attack.

Syn: Care; custody; trust; management; office; expense; cost;
price; assault; attack; onset; injunction; command;
order; mandate; instruction; accusation; indictment.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Charge \Charge\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Charged}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Charging}.] [OF. chargier, F. charger, fr. LL. carricare,
fr. L. carrus wagon. Cf. {Cargo}, {Caricature}, {Cark}, and
see {Car}.]
1. To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load;
to fill.

A carte that charged was with hay. --Chaucer.

The charging of children's memories with rules.

2. To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to
command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to
urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy
of a diocese; to charge an agent.

Moses . . . charged you to love the Lord your God.
--Josh. xxii.

Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition.

3. To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.

When land shall be charged by any lien. --Kent.

4. To fix or demand as a price; as, he charges two dollars a
barrel for apples.

5. To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit,
as, to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the
debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.

6. To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.

No more accuse thy pen, but charge the crime On
native sloth and negligence of time. --Dryden.

7. To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a person
or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said
or done) at the door of.

If he did that wrong you charge him with.

8. To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or
machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold
or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge
an electrical machine, etc.

Their battering cannon charged to the mouths.

9. To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an
architectural member with a molding.

10. (Her.) To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses
or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield
with three roses or.

11. To call to account; to challenge. [Obs.]

To charge me to an answer. --Shak.

12. To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.

Charged our main battle's front. --Shak.

Syn: To intrust; command; exhort; instruct; accuse; impeach;
arraign. See {Accuse}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Charge \Charge\, v. i.
1. To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed

Like your heroes of antiquity, he charges in iron.

``Charge for the guns!'' he said. --Tennyson.

2. To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.

3. To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.

4. To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by
a sportsman to a dog.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense;
"he was arrested on a charge of larceny" [syn: {complaint}]
2: the price charged for some article or service; "the
admission charge"
3: an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence;
"the newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of
drunken driving" [syn: {accusation}]
4: request for payment of a debt; "they submitted their charges
at the end of each month" [syn: {billing}]
5: a impetuous rush toward someone or something; "the
wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary"; "the
battle began with a cavalry charge"
6: the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either
positive or negative) and construed as an excess or
deficiency of electrons; "the battery needed a fresh
charge" [syn: {electric charge}]
7: financial liabilities (such as a tax); "the charges against
the estate"
8: a person committed to your care; "the teacher led her
charges across the street"
9: attention and management implying responsibility for safety;
"he is under the care of a physician" [syn: {care}, {tutelage},
10: a task that has been assigned to a person or group; "a
confidential mission to London"; "his charge was deliver
a message" [syn: {mission}, {commission}]
11: a formal statement of a command or injunction to do
something; "the judge's charge to the jury" [syn: {commission},
12: a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time; "this
cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains" [syn: {burster},
{bursting charge}, {explosive charge}]
13: the swift release of a store of affective force; "they got a
great bang out of it"; "what a rush!"; "he does it for
kicks" [syn: {bang}, {boot}, {rush}, {flush}, {thrill}, {kick}]
14: (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea
or person or object; "Freud thought of cathexis as a
psychic analog of an electrical charge" [syn: {cathexis}]
15: heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a
shield [syn: {bearing}, {heraldic bearing}, {armorial
v 1: to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle: "he
saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork." [syn: {bear
2: blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior
against: "he charged me director with indifference" [syn:
3: demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?" "We
were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although e stayed
only 3 nights" [syn: {bill}]
4: move quickly and violently; "The car tore down the street";
"He came charging into my office" [syn: {tear}, {shoot}, {shoot
down}, {buck}]
5: assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to; "He was
appointed deputy manager"; "She was charged with
supervising the creation of a concordance" [syn: {appoint}]
6: file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with
murdering his wife" [syn: {lodge}, {file}]
7: make an accusatory claim; "The defense attorney charged that
the jurors were biased"
8: fill or load to capacity; "charge the wagon with hay" [ant:
9: enter a certain amount as a charge; "he charged me $15"
10: cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution; "After
the second episode, she had to be committed"; "he was
committed to prison" [syn: {commit}, {institutionalize},
{institutionalise}, {send}]
11: give over to another for care or safekeeping; "consign your
baggage" [syn: {consign}]
12: pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone
payment by recording a purchase as a debt; "Will you pay
cash or charge the purchase?" [ant: {pay cash}]
13: lie down on command, of hunting dogs
14: cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; "The speaker
charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks" [syn:
{agitate}, {rouse}, {turn on}, {commove}, {excite}, {charge
up}] [ant: {calm}]
15: place a heraldic bearing on; of weapons, shields, and
16: provide with munition "He loaded his gun carefully" [syn: {load}]
17: direct into a position for use; "point a gun"; "He charged
his weapon at me" [syn: {level}, {point}]
18: impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; "He charged
her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"
[syn: {saddle}, {burden}]
19: instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the
weighing of evidence
20: instruct or command with authority; "The teacher charged the
children to memorize the poem"
21: attribute responsibility to; "We blamed the accident on
her"; "The tragedy was charged to her inexperience" [syn:
22: set or ask for a certain price; "How much do you charge for
lunch?" "This fellow charges $100 for a massage"
23: cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on (a
conductor, for example)
24: energize a battery by passing a current through it in the
direction opposite to discharge; "I need to charge my car
25: saturate; "The room was charged with tension and anxiety"

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