Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Strong"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Strong \Strong\, a. [Compar. {Stronger}; superl. {Strongest}.]
[AS. strang, strong; akin to D. & G. streng strict, rigorous,
OHG. strengi strong, brave, harsh, Icel. strangr strong,
severe, Dan. streng, Sw. str["a]ng strict, severe. Cf.
{Strength}, {Stretch}, {String}.]
1. Having active physical power, or great physical power to
act; having a power of exerting great bodily force;

That our oxen may be strong to labor. --Ps. cxliv.

Orses the strong to greater strength must yield.

2. Having passive physical power; having ability to bear or
endure; firm; hale; sound; robust; as, a strong
constitution; strong health.

3. Solid; tough; not easily broken or injured; able to
withstand violence; able to sustain attacks; not easily
subdued or taken; as, a strong beam; a strong rock; a
strong fortress or town.

4. Having great military or naval force; powerful; as, a
strong army or fleet; a nation strong at sea.

5. Having great wealth, means, or resources; as, a strong
house, or company of merchants.

6. Reaching a certain degree or limit in respect to strength
or numbers; as, an army ten thousand strong.

7. Moving with rapidity or force; violent; forcible;
impetuous; as, a strong current of water or wind; the wind
was strong from the northeast; a strong tide.

8. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind
or imagination; striking or superior of the kind;
powerful; forcible; cogent; as, a strong argument; strong
reasons; strong evidence; a strong example; strong

9. Ardent; eager; zealous; earnestly engaged; as, a strong
partisan; a strong Whig or Tory.

Her mother, ever strong against that match. --Shak.

10. Having virtues of great efficacy; or, having a particular
quality in a great degree; as, a strong powder or
tincture; a strong decoction; strong tea or coffee.

11. Full of spirit; containing a large proportion of alcohol;
intoxicating; as, strong liquors.

12. Affecting any sense powerfully; as, strong light, colors,
etc.; a strong flavor of onions; a strong scent.

13. Solid; nourishing; as, strong meat. --Heb. v. 12.

14. Well established; firm; not easily overthrown or altered;
as, a strong custom; a strong belief.

15. Violent; vehement; earnest; ardent.

He had offered up prayers and supplications with
strong crying and tears. --Heb. v. 7.

16. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the
mind, intellect, or any faculty; as, a man of a strong
mind, memory, judgment, or imagination.

I was stronger in prophecy than in criticism.

17. Vigorous; effective; forcible; powerful.

Like her sweet voice is thy harmonious song, As
high, as sweet, as easy, and as strong. --E. Smith.

18. (Stock Exchange) Tending to higher prices; rising; as, a
strong market.

19. (Gram.)
(a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its
preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root
vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the
addition of -en (with or without a change of the root
vowel); as in the verbs strive, strove, striven;
break, broke, broken; drink, drank, drunk. Opposed to
weak, or regular. See {Weak}.
(b) Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc., which retain
the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic
languages the vowel stems have held the original
endings most firmly, and are called strong; the stems
in -n are called weak other constant stems conform,
or are irregular. --F. A. March.

{Strong conjugation} (Gram.), the conjugation of a strong
verb; -- called also {old, or irregular, conjugation}, and
distinguished from the {weak, or regular, conjugation}.

Note: Strong is often used in the formation of
self-explaining compounds; as, strong-backed,
strong-based, strong-bodied, strong-colored,
strong-fisted, strong-handed, strong-ribbed,
strong-smelling, strong-voiced, etc.

Syn: Vigorous; powerful; stout; solid; firm; hardy; muscular;
forcible; cogent; valid. See {Robust}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: having strength or power greater than average or expected;
"a strong radio signal"; "strong medicine"; "a strong
man" [ant: {weak}]
2: used of syllables [syn: {accented}, {heavy}]
3: not faint or feeble; "a strong odor of burning rubber"
4: having or wielding force or authority; "providing the ground
soldier with increasingly potent weapons" [syn: {potent}]
5: having a strong physiological or chemical effect; "a potent
toxin"; "potent liquor"; "a potent cup of tea" [syn: {potent}]
[ant: {impotent}]
6: able to withstand attack; "an impregnable fortress";
"fortifications that made the frontier inviolable" [syn: {impregnable},
{inviolable}, {secure}, {unassailable}, {unattackable}]
7: of good quality and condition; solidly built; "a solid
foundation"; "several substantial timber buildings" [syn:
{solid}, {substantial}]
8: (grammar) of verbs not having standard (or regular)
inflection; "`go' is a strong verb"
9: having a high alcoholic content; "hard liquor" [syn: {hard}]
10: freshly made or left; "a warm trail"; "the scent is warm"
[syn: {warm}]
11: strong and sure; "a firm grasp"; "gave a strong pull on the
rope" [syn: {firm}]

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