Hypertext Webster Gateway: "turning"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Turn \Turn\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Turning}.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner,
turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a
lathe, to rounds off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. ? a turner's
chisel, a carpenter's tool for drawing circles; probably akin
to E. throw. See {Throw}, and cf. {Attorney}, {Return},
{Tornado}, {Tour}, {Tournament}.]
1. To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to
give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to
move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to
make to change position so as to present other sides in
given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, to turn a
wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head.

Turn the adamantine spindle round. --Milton.

The monarch turns him to his royal guest. --Pope.

2. To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost;
to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the
outside of; to reverse the position of; as, to turn a box
or a board; to turn a coat.

3. To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to
direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; --
used both literally and figuratively; as, to turn the eyes
to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship
from her course; to turn the attention to or from
something. ``Expert when to advance, or stand, or, turn
the sway of battle.'' --Milton.

Thrice I deluded her, and turned to sport Her
importunity. --Milton.

My thoughts are turned on peace. --Addison.

4. To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to
another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to
apply; to devote.

Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto
David. --1 Chron. x.

God will make these evils the occasion of a greater
good, by turning them to advantage in this world.

When the passage is open, land will be turned most
to cattle; when shut, to sheep. --Sir W.

5. To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to
alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; -- often
with to or into before the word denoting the effect or
product of the change; as, to turn a worm into a winged
insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse;
to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to
turn good to evil, and the like.

The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have
compassion upon thee. --Deut. xxx.

And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the
counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. --2 Sam. xv.

Impatience turns an ague into a fever. --Jer.

6. To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion (anything) by
applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, to turn
the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal.

I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned. --Shak.

7. Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in
proper condition; to adapt. ``The poet's pen turns them to
shapes.'' --Shak.

His limbs how turned, how broad his shoulders spread
! --Pope.

He was perfectly well turned for trade. --Addison.

8. Specifically:
(a) To translate; to construe; as, to turn the Iliad.

Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown.
(b) To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as,
to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly.
(c) To sicken; to nauseate; as, an emetic turns one's

{To be turned of}, be advanced beyond; as, to be turned of

{To turn a cold shoulder to}, to treat with neglect or

{To turn a corner}, to go round a corner.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Turning \Turn"ing\, n.
1. The act of one who, or that which, turns; also, a winding;
a bending course; a fiexure; a meander.

Through paths and turnings often trod by day.

2. The place of a turn; an angle or corner, as of a road.

It is preached at every turning. --Coleridge.

3. Deviation from the way or proper course. --Harmar.

4. Turnery, or the shaping of solid substances into various
by means of a lathe and cutting tools.

5. pl. The pieces, or chips, detached in the process of
turning from the material turned.

6. (Mil.) A maneuver by which an enemy or a position is

{Turning and boring mill}, a kind of lathe having a vertical
spindle and horizontal face plate, for turning and boring
large work.

{Turning bridge}. See the Note under {Drawbridge}.

{Turning engine}, an engine lathe.

{Turning lathe}, a lathe used by turners to shape their work.

{Turning pair}. See the Note under {Pair}, n.

{Turning point}, the point upon which a question turns, and
which decides a case.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : turning about an axis [syn: {revolving}, {rotating}, {wheeling}]
n 1: the act of changing or reversing the direction of the
course; "he took a turn to the right" [syn: {turn}]
2: act of changing in practice or custom: "the law took many
turnings over the years"
3: a movement in a new direction; "the turning of the wind"
[syn: {turn}]

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