Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Man"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

(1.) Heb. 'Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The
name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the
first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red
earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Gen. 1:26,
27; 5:2; 8:21; Deut. 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo
and the Greek anthropos (Matt. 5:13, 16). It denotes also man in
opposition to woman (Gen. 3:12; Matt. 19:10).

(2.) Heb. 'ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes
properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Sam. 17:33; Matt.
14:21); a husband (Gen. 3:16; Hos. 2:16); man with reference to
excellent mental qualities.

(3.) Heb. 'enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chr.
14:11; Isa. 8:1; Job 15:14; Ps. 8:4; 9:19, 20; 103:15). It is
applied to women (Josh. 8:25).

(4.) Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as
distinguished from women (Deut. 22:5) and from children (Ex.
12:37); a husband (Prov. 6:34).

(5.) Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isa. 41:14), and as opposed
to women and children (Deut. 3:6; Job 11:3; Isa. 3:25).

Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is
generically different from all other creatures (Gen. 1:26, 27;
2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two
distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Gen. 2:7; Eccl. 12:7;
2 Cor. 5:1-8).

The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thess. 5:23,
Heb. 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matt. 10:28;
16:26; 1 Pet. 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as
rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the
animating and vital principle of the body.

Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of
his nature, in knowledge (Col. 3:10), righteousness, and
holiness (Eph. 4:24), and as having dominion over all the
inferior creatures (Gen. 1:28). He had in his original state
God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and
yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his
own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him
to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his
integrity (3:1-6). (See {FALL}.)

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Man \Man\, n.

{Man of sin} (Script.), one who is the embodiment of evil,
whose coming is represented (--2 Thess. ii. 3) as
preceding the second coming of Christ. [A Hebraistic

{Man-stopping bullet} (Mil.), a bullet which will produce a
sufficient shock to stop a soldier advancing in a charge;
specif., a small-caliber bullet so modified as to expand
when striking the human body. Such bullets are chiefly
used in wars with savage tribes. Manbird \Man"bird`\, n.
An aviator. [Colloq.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Man \Man\, n.; pl. {Men}. [AS. mann, man, monn, mon; akin to
OS., D., & OHG. man, G. mann, Icel. ma[eth]r, for mannr, Dan.
Mand, Sw. man, Goth. manna, Skr. manu, manus, and perh. to
Skr. man to think, and E. mind. [root]104. Cf. {Minx} a pert
1. A human being; -- opposed tobeast.

These men went about wide, and man found they none,
But fair country, and wild beast many [a] one. --R.
of Glouc.

The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to
him as it doth to me. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Man \Man\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Manned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To supply with men; to furnish with a sufficient force or
complement of men, as for management, service, defense, or
the like; to guard; as, to man a ship, boat, or fort.

See how the surly Warwick mans the wall ! --Shak.

They man their boats, and all their young men arm.

2. To furnish with strength for action; to prepare for
efficiency; to fortify. ``Theodosius having manned his
soul with proper reflections.'' --Addison.

3. To tame, as a hawk. [R.] --Shak.

4. To furnish with a servants. [Obs.] --Shak.

5. To wait on as a manservant. [Obs.] --Shak.

Note: In ``Othello,'' V. ii. 270, the meaning is uncertain,
being, perhaps: To point, to aim, or to manage.

{To man a yard} (Naut.), to send men upon a yard, as for
furling or reefing a sail.

{To man the yards} (Naut.), to station men on the yards as a
salute or mark of respect.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: an adult male person (as opposed to a woman); "there were
two women and six men on the bus" [syn: {adult male}]
[ant: {woman}]
2: someone who serves in the armed forces; "two men stood
sentry duty" [syn: {serviceman}, {military man}, {military
personnel}] [ant: {civilian}]
3: the generic use of the word to refer to any human being; "it
was every man for himself"
4: all of the inhabitants of the earth; "all the world loves a
lover" [syn: {world}, {human race}, {humanity}, {humankind},
{human beings}, {humans}, {mankind}]
5: any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae [syn: {homo},
{human being}, {human}]
6: a male subordinate; "the chief stationed two men outside the
building"; "he awaited word from his man in Havana"
7: an adult male person who has a manly character (virile and
courageous competent); "the army will make a man of you"
8: (informal) a male person who plays a significant role
(husband or lover or boyfriend) in the life of a
particular woman; "she takes good care of her man" [ant: {woman}]
9: a manservant who acts as a personal attendant to his
employer; "Jeeves was Bertie Wooster's man" [syn: {valet},
{valet de chambre}, {gentleman}, {gentleman's gentleman}]
10: one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea [syn: {Man}, {Isle
of Man}]
11: game equipment consisting of an object used in playing
certain board games; "he taught me to set up the men on
the chess board"; "he sacrificed a piece to get a
strategic advantage" [syn: {piece}]
v 1: take charge of a certain job; occupy a certain work place;
"Mr. Smith manned the reception desk in the morning"
2: provide with men; "We cannot man all the desks"

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