Hypertext Webster Gateway: "special"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Special \Spe"cial\, a. [L. specialis, fr. species a particular
sort, kind, or quality: cf. F. sp['e]cial. See {Species}, and
cf. {Especial}.]
1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or

A special is called by the schools a ``species''.
--I. Watts.

2. Particular; peculiar; different from others;
extraordinary; uncommon.

Our Savior is represented everywhere in Scripture as
the special patron of the poor and the afficted.

To this special evil an improvement of style would
apply a special redress. --De Quincey.

3. Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion,
or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress;
a special sermon.

4. Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action,
investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of
commercial terms; a special branch of study.

5. Chief in excellence. [Obs.]

The king hath drawn The special head of all the land
together. --Shak.

{Special administration} (Law), an administration limited to
certain specified effects or acts, or one granted during a
particular time or the existence of a special cause, as
during a controversy respecting the probate of a will, or
the right of administration, etc.

{Special agency}, an agency confined to some particular

{Special bail}, {Bail above}, or {Bail to the action} (Law),
sureties who undertake that, if the defendant is
convicted, he shall satisfy the plaintiff, or surrender
himself into custody. --Tomlins. Wharton (Law Dict.).

{Special constable}. See under {Constable}. --Bouvier.

{Special damage} (Law), a damage resulting from the act
complained of, as a natural, but not the necessary,
consequence of it.

{Special demurrer} (Law), a demurrer for some defect of form
in the opposite party pleading, in which the cause of
demurrer is particularly stated.

{Special deposit}, a deposit made of a specific thing to be
kept distinct from others.

{Special homology}. (Biol.) See under {Homology}.

{Special injuction} (Law), an injuction granted on special
grounds, arising of the circumstances of the case.

{Special issue} (Law), an issue produced upon a special plea.

{Special jury} (Law), a jury consisting of persons of some
particular calling, station, or qualification, which is
called upon motion of either party when the cause is
supposed to require it; a struck jury.

{Special orders} (Mil.), orders which do not concern, and are
not published to, the whole command, such as those
relating to the movement of a particular corps, a detail,
a temporary camp, etc.

{Special partner}, a limited partner; a partner with a
limited or restricted responsibility; -- unknown at common

{Special partnership}, a limited or particular partnership;
-- a term sometimes applied to a partnership in a
particular business, operation, or adventure.

{Special plea in bar} (Law), a plea setting forth particular
and new matter, distinguished from the general issue.

{Special pleader} (Law), originally, a counsel who devoted
himself to drawing special counts and pleas; in a wider
sense, a lawyer who draws pleadings.

{Special pleading} (Law), the allegation of special or new
matter, as distingiushed from a direct denial of matter
previously alleged on the side. --Bouvier. The popular
denomination of the whole science of pleading. --Stephen.
The phrase is sometimes popularly applied to the specious,
but unsound, argumentation of one whose aim is victory,
and not truth. --Burrill.

{Special property} (Law), a qualified or limited ownership
possession, as in wild animals, things found or bailed.

{Special session}, an extraordinary session; a session at an
unusual time or for an unusual purpose; as, a special
session of Congress or of a legislature.

{Special statute}, or {Special law}, an act of the
legislature which has reference to a particular person,
place, or interest; -- in distinction from a general law.

{Special verdict} (Law), a special finding of the facts of
the case, leaving to the court the application of the law
to them. --Wharton (Law Dict.).

Syn: Peculiar; appropriate; specific; dictinctive;
particular; exceptional; singular. See {Peculiar}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Special \Spe"cial\, n.
1. A particular. [Obs.] --Hammond.

2. One appointed for a special service or occasion.

{In special}, specially; in particular. --Chaucer.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: unique or specific to a person or thing or category; "the
particular demands of the job"; "has a paraticular
preference for Chinese art"; "a peculiar bond of
sympathy between them"; "an expression peculiar to
Canadians"; "rights peculiar to the rich"; "the
special features of a computer"; "my own special
chair" [syn: {particular(a)}, {peculiar(a)}, {special(a)}]
2: for a special service or occasion; "a special
correspondent"; "a special adviser to the committee"; "had
to get special permission for the event"
3: surpassing what is common or usual or expected; "he paid
especial attention to her"; "exceptional kindness"; "a
matter of particular and unusual importance"; "a special
occasion"; "a special reason to confide in her"; "what's
so special about the year 2000?" [syn: {especial(a)}, {exceptional},
4: adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose; "a special
kind of paint"; "a special medication for arthritis"
5: having a specific function or scope; "a special (or
specific) role in the mission" [syn: {limited}]
6: first and most important; "his special interest is music";
"she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her
volunteer work" [syn: {particular}]
7: added to a regular schedule; "a special holiday flight";
"put on special buses for the big game" [syn: {extra}]
n 1: a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced
price) that is featured in advertising; "they are having
a special on pork chops"
2: a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant
3: a television production that features a particular person or
work or topic; "the last of a series of BBC specials on
Iran is being shown tonight"

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