Hypertext Webster Gateway: "separate"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Separate \Sep"a*rate\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Separated}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Separating}.] [L. separatus, p. p. of separare to
separate; pfref. se- aside + parare to make ready, prepare.
See {Parade}, and cf. {Sever}.]
1. To disunite; to divide; to disconnect; to sever; to part
in any manner.

From the fine gold I separate the alloy. --Dryden.

Separate thyself, I pray thee, from me. --Gen. xiii.

Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?
--Rom. viii.

2. To come between; to keep apart by occupying the space
between; to lie between; as, the Mediterranean Sea
separates Europe and Africa.

3. To set apart; to select from among others, as for a
special use or service.

Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto
I have called thaem. --Acts xiii.

{Separated flowers} (Bot.), flowers which have stamens and
pistils in separate flowers; diclinous flowers. --Gray.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Separate \Sep"a*rate\, v. i.
To part; to become disunited; to be disconnected; to withdraw
from one another; as, the family separated.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Separate \Sep"a*rate\, p. a. [L. separatus, p. p. ]
1. Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected;
separated; -- said of things once connected.

Him that was separate from his brethren. --Gen.
xlix. 26.

2. Unconnected; not united or associated; distinct; -- said
of things that have not been connected.

For such an high priest became us, who is holy,
harmless, undefiled, separate from sinnere. --Heb.
vii. 26.

3. Disunited from the body; disembodied; as, a separate
spirit; the separate state of souls.

{Separate estate} (Law), an estate limited to a married woman
independent of her husband.

{Separate maintenance} (Law), an allowance made to a wife by
her husband under deed of separation. -- {Sep"a*rate*ly},
adv. -- {Sep"a*rate*ness}, n.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: independent; not united or joint; "a problem consisting of
two separate issues"; "they went their separate ways";
"formed a separate church" [ant: {joint}]
2: individual and distinct; "pegged down each separate branch
to the earth"; "a gift for every single child" [syn: {single(a)}]
3: standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything; "a
freestanding bell tower"; "a house with a separate garage"
[syn: {freestanding}]
4: not living together as man and wife; "decided to live
apart"; "maintaining separate households"; "they are
separated" [syn: {apart(p)}, {separated}]
5: characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing; "an
individual serving"; "separate rooms"; "single occupancy";
"a single bed" [syn: {individual}, {single(a)}]
6: separated according to race, sex, class, or religion;
"separate but equal"; "girls and boys in separate classes"
7: have the connection undone; having become separate [syn: {disjoined}]
n 1: a separately printed article that originally appeared in a
larger publication [syn: {offprint}, {reprint}]
2: a garment that can be purchased separately and worn in
combinations with other garments
v 1: act as a barrier between; stand between: "The mountain range
divides the two countries" [syn: {divide}]
2: force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting
children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea" [syn: {disunite}, {divide},
3: mark as different; "We distinguish several kinds of maple"
[syn: {distinguish}, {differentiate}, {secern}, {secernate},
{severalize}, {tell}, {tell apart}]
4: separate into parts or portions; "divide the cake into three
equal parts"; "The British carved up the Ottoman Empire
after World War I" [syn: {divide}, {split}, {split up}, {dissever},
{carve up}] [ant: {unite}]
5: come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated"
[syn: {divide}, {part}]
6: divide into components or constituents; "Separate the wheat
from the chaff"
7: arrange or order by classes or categories; "How would you
classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?"
[syn: {classify}, {class}, {sort}, {assort}, {sort out}]
8: become separated into pieces or fragments; "The figurine
broke"; "The freshly baked loaf fell apart" [syn: {break},
{split up}, {fall apart}, {come apart}]
9: make a division or separation [syn: {divide}]
10: discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
"The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The
couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend
and I split up" [syn: {part}, {split up}, {split}, {break},
{break up}]
11: go one's own away; move apart; "The friends separated after
the party" [syn: {part}, {split}]
12: treat differently on the basis of sex or race [syn: {discriminate},
{single out}]
13: divide into two or more branches; "The road forks" [syn: {branch},
{ramify}, {fork}]

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