Hypertext Webster Gateway: "rest"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word _noah_ (Heb.

(2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matt. 11:28).

(3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thess. 1:7).

(4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work
(Heb. 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had
finished the work of creation.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\ (r?st), v. t. [For arrest.]
To arrest. [Obs.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\, n. [AS. rest, r[ae]st, rest; akin to D. rust, G.
rast. OHG. rasta, Dan. & Sw. rast rest, repose, Icel. r["o]st
the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth. rasta
a mile, also to Goth. razn house, Icel. rann, and perhaps to
G. ruhe rest, repose, AS. r[=o]w, Gr. 'erwh`. Cf. {Ransack}.]
1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or
labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest
of body or mind. --Chaucer.

Sleep give thee all his rest! --Shak.

2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs;
peace; security.

And the land had rest fourscore years. --Judges iii.

3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.

How sleep the brave who sink to rest, By all their
country's wishes blest. --Collins.

4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a
rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or
steadying the work.

He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams
should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
--1 Kings vi.

5. (Anc. Armor) A projection from the right side of the
cuirass, serving to support the lance.

Their visors closed, their lances in the rest.

6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an
inn, or permanently, as, in an abode. ``Halfway houses and
travelers' rests.'' --J. H. Newman.

In dust our final rest, and native home. --Milton.

Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the
inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you.
--Deut. xii.

7. (Pros.) A short pause in reading verse; a c[ae]sura.

8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a
running account. ``An account is said to be taken with
annual or semiannual rests.'' --Abbott.

9. A set or game at tennis. [Obs.]

10. (Mus.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name
of the character that stands for such silence. They are
named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.

{Rest house}, an empty house for the accomodation of
travelers; a caravansary. [India]

{To set, or To set up}, {one's rest}, to have a settled
determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so
expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand.
[Obs.] --Shak. Bacon.

Syn: Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose;
slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness;
tranquillity; peacefulness; peace.

Usage: {Rest}, {Repose}. Rest is a ceasing from labor or
exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives
relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words
are commonly interchangeable.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\, v. t.
1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.

Your piety has paid All needful rites, to rest my
wandering shade. --Dryden.

2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.

Her weary head upon your bosom rest. --Waller.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\ (r[e^]st), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rested}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Resting}.] [AS. restan. See {Rest}, n.]
1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action
which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or

God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his
work which he had made. --Gen. ii. 2.

Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh
day thou shalt rest. --Ex. xxiii.

2. To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet
or still.

There rest, if any rest can harbor there. --Milton.

3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, to rest on a

4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column
rests on its pedestal.

5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.

Fancy . . . then retries Into her private cell when
Nature rests. --Milton.

6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose
without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.

On him I rested, after long debate, And not without
considering, fixed ?? fate. --Dryden.

7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.

To rest in Heaven's determination. --Addison.

{To rest with}, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it
rests with him to decide.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\, n. [F. reste, fr. rester to remain, L. restare to
stay back, remain; pref. re- re- + stare to stand, stay. See
{Stand}, and cf. {Arrest}, {Restive}.] (With the definite
1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation
of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder;

Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the
present comfort of having done our duty, and, for
the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven
can give. --Tillotson.

2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the
remainder; others. ``Plato and the rest of the
philosophers.'' --Bp. Stillingfleet.

Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.

3. (Com.) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to
equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the
balance of assets above liabilities. [Eng.]

Syn: Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve;

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Rest \Rest\, v. i. [F. rester. See {Rest} remainder.]
To be left; to remain; to continue to be.

The affairs of men rest still uncertain. --Shak.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: something left after other parts have been taken away;
"there was no remainder"; "he threw away the rest" [syn:
{remainder}, {residual}, {residue}, {residuum}]
2: freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);
"took his repose by the swimming pool" [syn: {ease}, {repose},
3: a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more
when they take time for short rests" [syn: {respite}, {relief},
{rest period}]
4: a state of inaction; "a body will continue in a state of
rest until acted upon"
5: euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a
bed and in a tomb); "she was laid to rest beside her
husband"; "they had to put their family pet to sleep"
[syn: {eternal rest}, {sleep}, {eternal sleep}, {quietus}]
6: a support on which things can be put; "the gun was steadied
on a special rest"
7: a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified
v 1: not move; be in a resting position
2: take a short breath [syn: {breathe}, {catch one's breath}, {take
a breather}]
3: give a rest to; "He rested his bad leg"; "Rest the dogs for
a moment"
4: have a place in relation to something else: "The fate of
Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"; "The responsibility
rests with the Allies" [syn: {lie}]
5: be at rest [syn: {repose}] [ant: {be active}]
6: stay the same; remain in a certain state; "The dress
remained wet after repeated attempts to dry it"; "rest
assured"; "stay alone"; "He remained unmoved by her
tears"; "The bad weather continued for another week" [syn:
{stay}, {remain}] [ant: {change}]
7: be inherent or innate in; [syn: {reside}, {repose}]
8: put something in a resting position, as for support or
steadying; "Rest your head on my shoulder"
9: sit, as on a branch; "The birds perched high in the treee"
[syn: {perch}, {roost}]
10: rest on or as if on a pillow, of one's head [syn: {pillow}]
11: be inactive, refrain from acting on something

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